# How do I avoid going through objects at high speed? [duplicate]

I am quite the beginner in XNA. I have only recently started using GameComponents. I have a multiplayer game called Better Pong. I move the ball (which is an object) by incrementing the Vector2 (the position) of the ball by the velocity Vector2 and updating the hitbox Rectangle.

However, by having very large speeds (such as (12,12)) the ball might go through the paddle since it just skips through the Paddle's Rectangle "hitbox".

Is there a way to make the ball make smaller movements, so it doesn't go through the paddle (but still move fast)?

• Also by smoothing do you mean graphically or do you want to know how to handle collision detection in the situation you described? Nov 26, 2014 at 15:34
• Both, since the ball needs to visually 'hit' the paddle for the player to see. I was thinking of reducing the velocity, but since the game is stuck on 60FPS I can't make it slower (and thus, smoother).
– Ilan
Nov 26, 2014 at 15:36
• 60 FPS should be plenty smooth. You must have some other issue.
– Almo
Nov 26, 2014 at 15:42
• I meant that if I were to lower the Vector2 values (thus, making the ball's movement "smoother"), I would have to raise the FPS so it the ball doesn't move slowly.
– Ilan
Nov 26, 2014 at 15:46
• Nov 26, 2014 at 16:39

You need to either interpolate or extrapolate the collision. Basically this means instead of just checking the collision of the object where it is NOW, check the collision of the object with where it is and where it WILL BE or WAS, then check x number of times in between those positions.

Vector2 pos = ball.position;
Vector2 prevPos = ball.previousPosition; // You'll have to keep track of where the ball was 1 frame ago.

for (int i=0; i<COLLISION_PRECISION; i++)
{
Vector2 testPos = lerp(prevPos, pos, i/COLLISION_PRECISION);
{
ball.position = testPos;
// Do any collision reactions
break;
}
}

In this example, you'd check for collisions from where the ball was last frame to where it currently is, and a number of points in between those points equal to COLLISION_PRECISION. The higher the COLLISION_PRECISION, the less chance your ball will move through a paddle.

EDIT: I forgot to mention, this is pseudo code, you shouldn't be copy pasting it or anything, it's just kind of an outline of what you have to do.

• What does the lerp function do? I googled it but the explanations are really vague.. I do sorta understand this, though :D
– Ilan
Nov 26, 2014 at 16:49
• Oh sorry lerp is a "linear interpolation". It takes 2 values, and gives you a value in between them with a percentage kind of. So if you had two points { 1, 1 } and { 3, 3 } and you got the linear interpolation at 0.5 (50%) you would get the middle point between the two vectors { 2, 2 }. You just have to think of it as "(100%-X%) first value + (X%) of the second value". It's kind of weird to wrap your head around, but you'll get it. Nov 26, 2014 at 18:32
• Oh I think I implemented it a bit on my own, except my game's bork now. I'll keep working on it :)
– Ilan
Nov 26, 2014 at 18:51