Your issue may be due to your texture's import settings.
When you select a texture from the FileSystem tab, its import settings can be accessed via the Import tab, next to the Scene tab:
According to the Godot Docs, you can mark any texture as 3D use if the engine didn't detect it itself (2D texture is the default). You can enable mipmaps for both the albedo and normal map textures so that they look smoothed when moving the camera around. Anisotropic filtering can also help prevent visual artefacts.
About normal maps, Godot requires the texture to use the X+, Y-, Z+ coordinates; inverted normal direction along the Y-axis occurs otherwise. If this is your problem, you can fix it in Blender itself when exporting. You can invert the value of one channel using Nodes, as described in this answer from Blender SE (same goes for previous Blender versions, as seen in this answer).
If you're using grayscale heightmaps for bump/displacement mapping, with values between 0 (min elevation) and 1 (max elevation), then you shouldn't use the Normal map slot of the Spatial Material properties in the Inspector.
Instead, you can assign your bump texture to the Depth slot in the Inspector. This data is one-dimensional, and a single-channel image, such as a grayscale one, will do (normal maps use two colour channels OTOH).
Alternatively, you can work in Blender and bake & export an actual normal map instead of a bump map, so that you can use it in Godot as expected.
Since your issues derive from plain exporting from Blender to Godot, I can suggest another solution to your texture problem.
When exporting a 3D model, you can choose to export either the full model (mesh + normals + UVs + materials + ...) or only a subset of such features. While geometry data is resolved via 3D file format, material data differs in that the same material might be rendered differently by different engines, due to custom modifiers that are available on one platform but aren't on another.
When importing 3D models from Blender, Godot uses the source geometry but first attempts to apply its own materials because they'd work best. If no corresponding materials exist (which you shall create), Blender's exported will be used instead. Blender materials are simply mapped to Godot equivalents as long as they both have shared properties; if Blender uses custom modifiers unavailable to Godot, such features may be lost and only an approximated material is rendered.
This is why Godot suggests how to export Blender materials in order to get the best match possible. To do so, you can use the "Better" Collada exporter, or install this native add-on for Blender.
Of course, this applies if you don't want to spend time creating Godot materials from scratch. If this solution doesn't work either, you can still import your model in Godot and override its materials.