Questions tagged [opengl]

OpenGL is a graphics standard and API which targets the desktop and workstation markets. It is designed to be easy to accelerate with dedicated computer hardware, and hence most implementations give greatly improved performance over traditional software rendering. Currently, OpenGL is used for applications like CAD software and computer games. It is also cross-platform. The OpenGL standard is controlled by the Khronos group, which also controls OpenGL ES.

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Write the 4 × 4 matrices that transform object to world , camera to world , world to camera , and object to camera [closed]

Assume you are working with three coordinate systems: object, world, and camera space. The basis vectors of object space have world coordinates (1, 0, 0) ...
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VAO not showing

My VAO is simply not showing up and i'm not sure if my matrices are wrong or if the shader is wrong… Please have a look a see what is wrong… My code is big so i'll post the essential. ...
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OpenGL Two-point perspective view

Summary: I want vertical lines to be drawn as vertical lines regardless of their position relative to the camera (distance/offset). I want the projection to be perspective so the furthest objects ...
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3D terrain editor brush using compute shader

i am working on 3D terrain editor, and i have simple brush for adding or subtracting height. Right now I am calculating new Heights on CPU dependent on brush radius. ...
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How do I bind a bone vector to a glBuffer?

I want to shred the bone with the vector of weight. However, running the c++ and the GLSL code below, I get an error: glBufferData import problem vertex shader :S How should ...
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How can I implement a side scrolling seamless fog shader?

I've run into a problem trying to code a 2d game. The way I've set up the game is that you run through underground dungeons and fight enemies, for ambiance I've added a smoke/fog shader to superimpose ...
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Orthographic camera produces strange results

I've created a basic orthographic camera using the following view projection matrix: ...
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How do I render a word in the middle of the screen using FreeType and OpenGL?

I'm following this tutorial series on making a simple 2D clone of the classic Breakout game, but its author doesn't mention how to render a whole word or sentence in the middle of the screen. He ...
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Unable to create OpenGL window in SDL2

I am currently working on a C++ + SDL2 game engine and I am stuck on a problem. The problem is that whenever I pass SDL_WINDOW_OPENGL to ...
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Texture dimensions guidelines

I have 3 related questions: What are the main optimizations related to power of 2 dimensions for 1D/2D/3D textures? This question gives some answers like mipmapping, but are not well explained and ...
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How can I apply my camera to all graphics objects?

Is there a way to have the camera be applied to all objects? Can you have the camera effect objects that where made with glVertex3f(); This is the fourth time I ...
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Porting C# OpenGL rendering code to C++ DirectX

I have the following rendering method written in C# and apparently using OpenGL immediate mode, and i'm trying to port it to C++ and DirectX: ...
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Why is my map not drawing properly?

My code compiles fine but for some reason, I get this white background in my window. what am I doing wrong? I want to draw my map (sorry, there is a lot of code). Here is my debugged window image: ...
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How to get normals in the FBX SDK?

I'm working with FBX SDK and I'm trying to get normals of my model but I have no idea of how to do it and I dind't find anything on Google. I am using C++. I hope you'll be able to help me !
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How do game engines implement multiple rendering platforms?

How do game engines like UE4, Unity, Source, Cry Engine, etc add different rendering library's to their game engines? (Eg. OpenGL, DirectX, Vulkan)
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How is root motion done in Skeletal animation

I am using Assimp library to load bone and mesh data and using basic interpolation to accomplish the animation part. Right now I want to move my character position with animation, i.e. root motion. ...
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Problem with rendering a quad from four lines

I am having a problem with rendering a quad in opengl via 4 lines (5 vertices via GL_LINE_STRIP). The rendering is generally working fine in terms of connecting the lines into a quad. The problem is, ...
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OpenGL approach to depth-testing-like combination of a large buffer of fragments

I have a depth buffer and color buffer created by another effect. The buffer is more than double my screen size. It is not rendered from geometry, but as a whole it resembles a rendered scene with an ...
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Technique for Edge Detection Between Distinct Entities

I'm developing an application that renders large(-ish) scale graphs (i.e. nodes and edges) in 3D. We've recently been asked to add a flat shading mode, where the graph elements are displayed using a ...
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OpenGL streching up geometry

I'm developping my own game engine in C++/OpenGL 3 but I've got some troubles with my geometry. Indeed, when I render something everything is weirdly streched up : By tweaking scale values we can see ...
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Trying to Rotate terrain

I'm new to OpenGL and don't really know how to rotate a terrain. For my graphics class, I have a project I need to do that is making a tire using OpenGL and work that we done in class (my framework is ...
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Optimizing texture fetches with higher mip levels

Let's say I have some shader program in DirectX or OpenGL rendering a full screen quad. And in a pixel/fragment shader I sample some huge textures at random texture coordinates. That is one same ...
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Compute normal based on Voronoi pattern

I am applying a 3D Voronoi pattern on a mesh. Using those loops, I am able to compute the cell position, an id and the distance. But I would like to compute a normal based on the generated pattern. ...
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Four (4) color channel png has black “background”

I am experimenting with C++ code to load a png file, using libpng. When I get to the color data in the file, I load it into a std::vector. I have found that the ...
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2answers
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Does GPU mipmapping assume the texture es gamma corrected?

I have been reading the Real Time Rendering book and stumbled upon this paragraph: For textures encoded in a nonlinear space (such as most color textures), ignoring gamma correction when ...
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How to load large arrays to gpu and render with OpenGL?

I am trying to make a volumetric rendering of a cloud. I have been defining the cloud density functions on the glsl shaders and performing ray-marching methods successfully. But now I would like to ...
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OpenGL object load in reverse

I am trying to load a model and it is loading it in reverse. When I am trying to rotate it 180 degrees it changes the lightning as well. I am not sure what I need to do to change the position that eh ...
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Only one triangle drawn

I am trying to render a quad with gl render mode GL_TRIANGLES with using element array buffer. Here is some code to explain process. Only the first 3 elements of indices array are drawn as expected. ...
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Parts of 3D model disappear during animation

I'm trying to properly play an animation done in Blender 2.8 inside my OpenGL application. When the animation is running, it happens that at some particular frames, some parts of the 3D model "...
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Why is enabling GL_FRAMEBUFFER_SRGB making the colours brighter?

My understanding of gamma correction is as follows: We want to do colour math in linear space so we can lerp etc. between colour values and get the results we expect. But human eyes don't have a ...
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PyOpenGL Cubemap ARB Texture not rotating with gluSphere

I've made a gluSphere render in my display and have given it a cube map texture of the Earth. The texture is visible just fine (see below), but I cannot get it to rotate along with the shape. this ...
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3answers
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Should calculations be done on the CPU or GPU?

I'm currently learning OpenGL and it's become obvious that I can do most calculations on the CPU or the GPU. For example, I can do something like lightColor * objectColor on the CPU, then send it to ...
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How can I clip my sprite as it passes through a portal in a 2D scenario, using OpenGL?

This is a very simple question, but after a brief search and reading through the "similar questions" I could not yet find an answer. I'm creating a 2D game using OpenGL and came across a problem: Let'...
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Flat shaded triangles using the ModelBuilder?

I decided to give the ModelBuilder a try but I cannot get rid of the smoothing of my terrain. So what I tried: Create each triangle individually with there own ...
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1answer
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Calculate normal angle in screen space

I'm working on adding billboarded sprites to a game engine, but the engine allows for walking on curved terrain, like spheres. In order to look like the player is walking on the terrain, I want to ...
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Taking cube from camera space to clip space, error in my math?

watching Ken Joy's Computer Graphics lectures on youtube. One thing I'm confused about is after he gets the cube from the camera space to clip space, from my calculations the cube doesn't look like ...
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GLSL variables as main function params vs on their own line?

I am learning OpenGL and GLSL. I was taught that the in/out variables should be formatted like this: ...
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1answer
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How to stop scrolling of text in OpenGL

I want to set a time limit for scrolling text in OpenGL & GLUT. How can I stop scrolling at 250? Here is my code. I try with the if condition but it's not working. The scrolling is not stopping in ...
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Make perspective camera X positive values to the right

Is it possible to make the positive values of the PerspectiveCamera to the right? By default is to the left
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Depth Test Problems with LWJGL3 (GLFW)

I know: similar questions have been asked - but I didn't find a solution. So at first the basic problem: It seems that convex Models (currently I load them from .obj files) render fine, but concave ...
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What does the keyword “interface” mean in GLSL?

interface vs_out { vec3 get_color(); }; struct vs_out_impl : vs_out { vec3 get_color() { return vec3(1,0,0); } } Where is this behavior defined? ...
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Rendering up close, OpenGL performance issues

I have been developing a massive RTS during the past 18 months, which is comming together nicely! Now i have an issue i can't really wrap my head around. If i render 100 models from a distance ...
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OpenGL 2D Batch Rendering: Textures mixing when having multiple active textures

This is what happens when I draw switching from the black texture to the lime green one in a simple for loop Here's a simplified version of how my renderer works Init(): Create my VAO and attrib ...
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1answer
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What should the Z coordinate be after transformed by the projection matrix?

I'm working on an OpenGL 1.x implementation for the Sega Dreamcast. Because the Dreamcast didn't have any hardware T&L the entire vertex transformation pipeline has to be done in software. What ...
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Opengl the light position always on the origin point therefore the diffuse and specular does not work

I am newbie of opengl, so I did the tutorial by learnopengl. I have a strange problem when I was trying to do the light effect (ambient, diffuse and specular). For the diffuse, the effect appears on ...
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Weird behaviour with glsl shaders

Dear people from the forum, I am trying to develop a game prototype which uses OpenGL and I am designing the entire graphic engine. My game requires some tricks with the shaders, and therefore I had ...
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1answer
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OpenGL strange depth test behavior

I have a simple OpenGL program that renders terrain with a texture. It exhibits some strange behaviors (see video) that look similar to depth test issues. However, I have already enabled depth test. ...
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1answer
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Model gets distorted when rotating the camera

I'm currently developing my own 3d graphics engine and I'm having a hard time figuring out why my 3D models gets distorted when rotating the camera around. This is my projection matrix. I'm following ...
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Strange normal mapping artifacts - OpenGL / GLSL

I have been following a few tutorials to learn some graphics programming with OpenGL, and recently implemented Normal Mapping. It works well for the most part, especially for objects with normal-...
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Understanding ticksPerSecond and duration with skeletal animations

That's my first question here so i hope to do all correctly. From various weeks i started surfing the net about Skeletal animation aiming to add a simple animation controller into my small game engine....