Questions tagged [lighting]

The simulation of light and illumination in games, including its interaction with the environment. A core element of games that can bring out vivacity into otherwise static worlds.

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16
votes
3answers
12k views

Can I achieve a torchlight effect (lighter area around a light source) in a 2D game?

I am thinking of writing myself a simple 2D game. It will not shine with perfect graphics or gameplay at first, but I'd consider it my first step in PC game development. So, imagine such simple sprite-...
58
votes
4answers
30k views

How is 2D lighting implemented?

I am wondering what the best way to approach a "lighting" effect in 2D games is. For instance, if my main character is glowing, what techniques can I use to complete the visual effect of the character ...
11
votes
3answers
9k views

How do I implement occluded lighting in a block-based 2D game?

I want to have 2D lighting that can be blocked by in-game objects. My game has a top-down view and all game objects are described by rectangles. Let's say I have a 10x10 world and I place a light at ...
11
votes
2answers
23k views

What is the difference between PBR and SSR?

I am very new to game development and I have been trying to understand the difference between Screen Space Reflection and Physically Based Rendering. I have read about PBR, and from what I understand,...
18
votes
4answers
13k views

How can I acheive a smooth 2D lighting effect?

I'm making a 2D tile based game in XNA. Currently my lightning looks like this. How can I get it to look like this? Instead of each block having its own tint, it has a smooth overlay. I'm assuming ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I change this isometric engine to make it so that you could distinguish between blocks that are on different planes?

I have been working on an isometric minecraft-esque game engine for a strategy game I plan on making. As you can see, it really needs some sort of shading. It is difficult to distinguish between ...
15
votes
2answers
12k views

How can I implement lighting in a voxel engine?

I am creating the MC like terrain engine, and I have thought that lighting would make it look a whole lot nicer.The problem is that the blocks are not being lit properly when a block which emits light ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Lighting in a Minecraftian World

Minecraft is a game that is largely based on a heightmap and uses that heigtmap information to flood the world with light. From my understanding the highest point in the heightmap is the end of the ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

What is physically correct lighting all about?

I can't find anything comprehensive using Google. I'm wondering what the core concepts of physically correct lighting are, and where I could read up on it. What's physically correct lighting all about?...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I create a lighting effect like this?

This is the most beautiful 2d lighting I have ever seen, and I'd like to perform lighting like this too. How do I do it? I don't care about the physics or how the particles are simulated - I only ...
14
votes
4answers
6k views

How can I implement voxel-based lighting with occlusion in a Minecraft-style game?

I am using C# and XNA. My current algorithm for lighting is a recursive method. However, it is expensive, to the point where one 8x128x8 chunk calculated every 5 seconds. Are there other lighting ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

2D lighting theory: day-and-night cycle, spot lights at night

I am writing a rogue-like 'zombie' management game. The game map will be similar to Prison Architect. A top-down 50 X 50 grid. I want to implemented a day night cycle and during the night I would ...
3
votes
2answers
10k views

How to avoid “completely” dark shadow using directional light (as Sun) ?

Look at my scene: Sun is rising and as you can see the scene is realistic; I mean, that what is in shadow is almost completely dark. This is correct, but i would like something less "dark", like an ...
3
votes
1answer
613 views

How could I do simple per-fragment lighting on BSP geometries?

I am programming a graphics engine for an old game. The game uses a BSP geometry which I have rendering perfectly. For it's lights however, it simply has light instances with the standard x, y, z, ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Cave lighting in Unity

I have a cave that is inside a mountain (one mesh) that I created in Blender. I would like to make the cave quite dark inside so that either the player can light it up, or it is lit up with things ...
20
votes
1answer
23k views

GLSL Light (Attenuation, Color and intensity) formula

I'm implementing point lights in my Voxel engine, and I'm really struggling to get a good flow of light, from 100% near the light source to 0% at the light radius. I have 5 arguments for the function:...
19
votes
3answers
11k views

Is there a way to use an arbitrary number of lights in a fragment shader?

Is there a way to pass an arbitrary number of light locations (and colors) for the fragment shader, and loop over them in the shader? If not, then how are multiple lights supposed to be simulated? ...
39
votes
1answer
33k views

What does it mean to “bake lights”?

What does it mean to bake lightmap ? I heard this in Unity3d, and again found this LightUp plugin for sketchup that bakes lightmap. From what I observe, the lightmap baked gives the 3d object a much ...
22
votes
3answers
8k views

How can I model a star?

I'm trying to model a star in Unity, and it, sort of works, but it's not ideal. Currently, I'm using a large sphere with a self-illuminating material containing a star texture applied to it's surface, ...
18
votes
9answers
4k views

Does the linear attenuation component in lighting models have a physical counterpart?

In OpenGL (and other systems) the distance attenuation factor for point lights is something like 1/(c+kd+sd^2), where d is the ...
6
votes
2answers
833 views

A big light with shadows

To have better texture2D quality in my 2D game, I had to recreate every textures with 300% of their original size. But the lights have to bright 3 times more. For lights, I'm using this : Catalin's ...
16
votes
3answers
8k views

How do I blend 2 lightmaps for day/night cycle in Unity?

Before I say anything else: I'm using dual lightmaps, meaning I need to blend both a near and a far. So I've been working on this for a while now, I have a whole day/night cycle set up for renderers ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Grid/cell based light system

I am working on a top-down, 2d cell-based RPG game. I would like to implement a cell based lighting system, something like this and this. I basically have several light sources and light deteriorates ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Converting time of day into a smooth day/night variable?

I'm trying to make a smooth day/night cycle for a game project that I've been working on. I've already set up a clock that adds deltaTime to seconds, wraps seconds to gameMinutes, etc. The issue that ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How does Minecraft render its sunset and sky?

In Minecraft, the sunset looks really beautiful and I've always wanted to know how they do it. Do they use several skyboxes rendered over eachother? That is, one for the sky (which can turn dark and ...
7
votes
1answer
923 views

How can I implement a revealing light beam?

In SEARCHLIGHT, you control a ray of light that illuminates incoming enemies that are otherwise invisible in the night sky. Here is an illustration: How would I go about doing this, preferably in ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Rendering collections of light sources

I have a small test environment where small point lights are scattered. Players should able to collect them. The collectible lights are rendered using a simple billboard technique where two triangles ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Unity 2D Alpha cutout layer for Sprites

I'm trying to make a simple Fog of War effect for my 2d game, similar to these: . I want to have a sprite layer of black and then have a sprite to cut out itself from the black layer, leaving a ...
3
votes
2answers
8k views

How to achieve lighting like this in Unity for 2D games?

How could I accomplish a lighting effect something similar to this game?: I'm not talking about the shadows but about the glowing/lighting effect on the crystals and the torches. Anyone got any ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Fast pixelshader 2D raytracing

I'd like to do a simple 2D shadow calculation algorithm by rendering my environment into a texture, and then use raytracing to determine what pixels of the texture are not visible to the point light (...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I handle the combination of multiple shader effects?

To be able to work efficiently with effects, is there a good way to combine multiple reusable "base" effects to achieve a more complex final result? For example, say I have an effect that handles ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

How do I implement flat shading in GLSL?

I'm working with GLSL and trying to implement flat shading on a 3D model (rather than smooth shading). To illustrate what I mean, here are two screenshots of cubes in Blender. Here's one with flat ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Random black pixels GLSL shader bug

I've recently been following a tutorial for writing a game engine in Java using LWJGL 2. I followed the tutorial for writing a fragment shader that utilizes spotlights in GLSL. The example game ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

2D - Smooth lighting with shadows for a tile-based game

for the last week or so I have been completely stuck on trying to implement efficient lighting. I've been researching and experimenting and I've looked everywhere that I have been capable of finding, ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

My Ambient lighting is not working correctly

I'm having a problem when using ambient lights in my opengl game. When I first started with my program, i had a positioned light, and the code was this: ...
2
votes
1answer
259 views

Rendering lighting only on specific objects

I have done something similar to this in monogame: My question is, what would I have to do to draw that lighting effect only on the pillar and not the background ? Is there something like ignoring ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Grid-Based 2D Lighting Problems

I am aware this question has been asked before, but unfortunately I am new to the language, so the complicated explanations I've found do not help me in the least. I need a lighting engine for my ...
4
votes
1answer
44 views

Issue with specular light at highly oblique angles with Blinn-Phong

I'm having an issue with my basic Blinn-Phong renderer, when looking at objects at very oblique angles: I don't think this is an issue with my code, although I'll post my fragment's GLSL below. ...
4
votes
1answer
343 views

How do I autogenerate gradient lighting?

I am trying to think of a way to generate a gradient like this picture: Something like this GetGradientTexture(360f,100(width),100(height)), or if i want a ...
3
votes
1answer
565 views

Physically based shading - ambient/indirect lighting

I implemented a physically based path tracer after studying PBRT by M. Pharr and G. Humphreys. Now I'm trying to apply physically based rendering to real time graphics using OpenGL. I want to start ...
2
votes
1answer
920 views

glsl directional light specular seems to be relative to origin not camera

I've been using the LearnOpenGL tutorials to calculate directional light. The diffuse works perfectly fine but the specular seems only work properly when the camera is near the origin and the specular ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Custom shadowmapping in Unity not working properly

To experiment with a certain technique, I'm implementing my own shadow mapping in Unity. I'm using a camera for the light "view", which is rendered to a RenderTexture after being post-processed with ...
1
vote
2answers
836 views

Getting a black scene with XNA, what am I doing wrong?

I'm new to XNA (ver 4) and I'm obviously doing something wrong but I don't know what. So far I have managed to model my scene (quite simple, just a bunch of squares which are calculated--there are no ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

How can I calculate a terrain's normals?

Im trying to implement basic lighting in Opengl 3+ (a sun) with this tutorial : http://www.mbsoftworks.sk/index.php?page=tutorials&series=1&tutorial=11 Im building a basic terrain and its ...
1
vote
1answer
900 views

Moving lights or scene objects in Unity seems to cause a second point light to shrink or dim

Moving a Point Light in 2d space seems to be dimming lights around it. What is this and how can I solve it?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How can I implement “cut outs” for lighting in OpenGL?

So, I'm working with OpenGL (I'm not exactly sure of the version), and I want to do an old-style lighting setup by essentially drawing a black rectangle over the screen, and drawing white circles over ...