# Questions tagged [camera]

Game worlds are viewed from a camera, which is the viewpoint from which the game world is observed from.

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### How can I orbit a camera about it's target point?

I'm drawing a scene where the camera freely moves about the universe. The camera class keeps track of the view (or look at) point, the position of the camera, and the up vector. These vectors/points ...
5answers
15k views

### Cast ray to select block in voxel game

I am developing a game with a Minecraft-like terrain made out of blocks. Since basic rendering and chunk loading is done now, I want to implement block selecting. Therefore I need to find out what ...
2answers
4k views

### Why is the camera tilting around the z axis when I only specified x and y?

My goal is to program a camera to point towards the mouse cursor. I attached the following script to the Main Camera. ...
2answers
13k views

### How to avoid gimbal lock

I am trying to write code with rotates an object. I implemented it as: Rotation about X-axis is given by the amount of change in y coordinates of a mouse and Rotation about Y-axis is given by the ...
2answers
19k views

### Implementing a camera / viewport to a 2D game

What is the most practical way to implement camera/viewport to a 2D-game? I've read, that I should store the object world position instead of position relative to the screen? Current situation: I ...
2answers
24k views

### How can I convert a mouse click to a ray?

I have a perspective projection. When the user clicks on the screen, I want to compute the ray between the near and far planes that projects from the mouse point, so I can do some ray intersection ...
2answers
1k views

### Camera relative movement is pushing into/off the ground instead of parallel

I'm building upon roll a ball tutorial in unity, and I have managed to rotate the camera around the ball just fine with the code below. But there's one problem. In this code, when I add force to the ...
2answers
3k views

### How do I keep my character centred on screen?

I am making a game similar to Legend of Zelda: Link to the Past (top-down 2D action-adventure). I want the character to stay centred on the screen when he moves. Currently, whenever the player wants ...
2answers
705 views

### Pixel Perfect 2D tiles

I'm trying to make an 64x64 tilemap using Super Tilemap Editor & Unity but my tiles looks terrible. I did my research about pixel perfect 2D and all of the solutions were for pixel art, they didn'...
9answers
54k views

### Why do we move the world instead of the camera?

I heard that in an OpenGL game what we do to let the player move is not to move the camera but to move the whole world around. For example here is an extract of this tutorial: OpenGL View matrix ...
2answers
22k views

### Scale camera to fit screen size unity

My background and gameobjects are 2d sprites not UI images ,I want to know how to make my background scale with screen size and positions of 2d sprits on it don't change after building game (webGl) ...
5answers
20k views

### Realistic Camera/Screen Shake from Explosion

I'd like to shake the camera around a bit during an explosion, and I've tried a few different functions for rocking it around, and nothing seems to really give that 'wow, what a bang!' type feeling ...
2answers
19k views

### XNA 2d Camera Scrolling - why use matrix transform?

I am making a test game where I want the level to be constantly scrolling. To create this effect I have established a camera class which simply stores a vector2 position and an enum direction. It also ...
1answer
7k views

### Mouse aim in an FPS

I would like to make a First Person Shooter and move the camera with the mouse. The problem is that when the cursor reaches the limits of the screen, the camera won't turn anymore. How can I keep the ...
4answers
9k views

### How to keep my Quaternion-using FPS camera from tilting and messing up?

I am using an FPS-like camera, and it uses quaternions. But, whenever I try looking up and then sideways, it tilts, and sometimes it can turn upside down. How can I fix this?
1answer
3k views

### Unwanted roll when rotating camera with pitch and yaw

I have a quaternion class implementation, and when I apply this class to my objects all gone right (rotations), but I have a lot of troubles with the camera. I've been searching a lot trying to solved ...
1answer
5k views

### Mouse location is off due to camera

I'm building a top down shooter but I have a little issue with my camera and mouse. When I add the camera that I use to my game (see here) my mouse pointer seems to be in the wrong location. When I ...
1answer
757 views

### Unwanted highlight on far side of objects near the edges of the screen when using orthographic camera

I was creating a simple unity game with a sphere as a ball. The problem is that the ball face towards the camera origin renders material correctly but the one away from camera does not. The ball has ...
1answer
9k views

### 3D Ray Casting / Picking

I am not sure if I should post this link, but I feel this falls into game development just as much as it does math. I have a ray cast's far and near values and I am trying to calculate the end point ...
1answer
987 views

### How do I fix my planet-facing camera?

Summary I'm having trouble implementing a camera controller suitable for first person use around a planet. The camera needs to be oriented correctly according to gravity (vector from camera ...
1answer
6k views

### Orbiting a specific point - Orbiting Camera

How would I create a camera that with the mouse, it allows you to orbit around a specifc position, with the camera always facing that point? I would also like it to be able to always be at a constant ...
1answer
1k views

### How do I ensure that my 2D side-scroller camera stays within the world bounds?

I have tried implementing a basic 2D sidescroller camera in XNA, but I don't want it to be able to scroll past the edges of my tile map! I tried to fix it, but when I get the left side working, the ...
2answers
4k views

### Mega Man-style screen scrolling design

The NES classic Mega Man series uses a very specific scrolling technique that I'm having a hard time wrapping my head around implementing. Essentially, the level is divided into "screens" which are ...
3answers
6k views

### Why does Unity in 2d mode employ scaling and the default othographic size the way it does?

I previously used SFML, XNA, Monogame, etc. to create 2d games, where if I display a 100px sprite on the screen, it will take up 100px. If I use 128px tiles to create a background, the first tile will ...
6answers
3k views

### Creating my own kill cam

I plan on creating my own kill cam system for a sandbox tool set. After thinking about the mechanics of the kill cam itself, however, I'm quite lost. I'm trying to recreate the ones commonly seen in ...
1answer
14k views

### How to implement a basic arcball camera in OpenGL with GLM

I only just started learning OpenGL and even things like vector maths etc a couple of days ago, so I am having a bit of trouble figuring out exactly what to do to ...
1answer
4k views

### How can I record from a second in-game camera and later export it to a video file?

I'm making a PC Horror game in Unity, and I want to have a camera recording simulation in-game - so you can leave a creepy location anytime, and you will have a tape with what you recorded on camera ...
1answer
699 views

### Unity3D Camera constantly moving

I'm trying to make my own first person camera controls in unity that use both thumbsticks on a joypad. I have this working fine. However, when I move the right thumb stick (the one uses to look left / ...
1answer
2k views

### 2d game view camera zoom, rotation & offset using 'Filter' / 'Shader' processing?

I wish to add the ability to zoom-in, zoom-out, rotate and move the view in a top-down view over a collection of points and lines in a large 2d map. I split the map into a grid so I only need to ...
1answer
2k views

### 2d Tile Movement and Camera

Let's imagine we have a 60x60 grid (where a Tile is 64x64px). Within the viewport there should be 10 tiles. The player object is 32x32px. To have smooth movement, I have to take delta time in ...
1answer
4k views

### Unity - blur on one camera effects the other as well

I'm trying to fake a DOF effect for Sprites by using 2 cameras, one for the sharp objects, one for the blurred ones. I have set up the layers like Blur and Sharp accordingly. So I have these 2 ...
1answer
2k views

### Obtaining a world point from a screen point with an orthographic projection

I assumed this was a straightforward problem but it has been plaguing me for days. I am creating a 2D game with an orthographic camera. I am using a 3D camera rather than just hacking it because I ...
1answer
2k views

### Orthographic Camera Zooming

In XNA I am using a spritebatch to render a board. I have created a camera class which can provide me a view and projection matrix. Currently I am supplying the view matrix to my sprite batch when I ...
1answer
4k views

### Calculating camera frustum planes using existing matrix

I'm trying to get basic frustum culling against an AABB working, and I'm having a bit of trouble figuring out how to extract the frustum planes from my camera's transform matrix. All the example code ...
4answers
4k views

### Smooth Camera Follow

I am using a fixed static background. I have a gameobject(Current ref. image) which is moving with the help of waypoints. I have made camera to follow the Current. The camera is stuttering while ...
4answers
560 views

### How to smoothly move camera when the player is climbing a diagonal staircase in 2D tile-based side-scroller?

I am working on a game, which is tile-based, similar to the way Terraria works. My player is 2 x 3 and can move over one-high obstacles, but this creates a very jittery effect, since my camera ...
2answers
5k views

### Make camera follow and rotate with player without childing it

I want to have a camera, that follow the player, without childing it to the player object. So far I have this one line, that follows the player, but does not rotate with it (meaning the camera should ...
1answer
3k views

### How do I disable fog on specific camera/s

I'm building an FPS with fog and I want to include a dynamic minimap, showing the locations of player and enemies in real time. This is utilized by a second camera which is orthographic and looks at ...
1answer
10k views

### How can I make my player move in the direction the camera faces?

I have a 3rd person camera which can rotate around the player. My problem is that wherever camera is facing, players forward is always the same direction. For example when camera is facing the right ...
2answers
388 views

### Keep Mini map static after rotating / zooming with camera

Hi I am making a 2D game, where the Camera is able to rotate / zoom in or out on the camera focus (the player usually). However my game also contains a mini-map, and so far whenever I have to rotate ...
1answer
97 views

### How to place a camera so that it always fits a plane?

I have a plane that can get its scale changed during the game, and I want to make the camera view it completely every time the plane has its scale changed. The only camera is set to perspective ...
3answers
5k views

### Using Unity's transform.translate() to translate relative to an object but only using two axis

I'm using transform.translate() to move an object around the world space, relative to the camera that is following it. The camera has an angle of 23 degrees on the ...
2answers
3k views

### Making a Camera look at a target Vector

I have a camera that works as long as its stationary. Now I'm trying to create a child class of that camera class that will look at its target. The new addition to the class is a method called ...
1answer
233 views

### Unity2D - Horizontal Scaling to Support Various Aspect Ratios?

I am trying to work out how to support various resolutions for my Android game. I have come up with a solution, but do not know how to implement it. Automatically, I am told that Unity vertically ...
4answers
29k views

### How to add a scrolling camera to a 2D Java game?

I am attempting to create a game where the camera follows the player, always making sure the player is in the center of the screen. How would I go about this? This game is a 2D Java game, made with no ...
1answer
15k views

### 3D Camera Rotation

Please, forgive me, but I need help and I've been stuck on this for a few weeks now, I'm making no progress and everywhere I go and I see a different answer, everything I try doesn't work. I've had ...
4answers
8k views

### LibGDX keep camera within bounds of TiledMap

I have a simple TiledMap which I can render fine. I have a player hopping (with Box2D) around and my camera follows the player around: ...
2answers
583 views

### How to calculate Camera "correct" position and distance to Frame all my Scene?

Consider I have N dynamic points on my Scene, I would like to "frame" all them, with my Camera. How can i calculate (at runtime) Vector3 Position to correctly frame all my scene ? This is my idea: ...
2answers
6k views

### Implementing a camera on HTML5 canvas?

I am trying to work out the best way of implementing a camera in my simple 2d game. The way it is structured at the moment is my game objects all have draw ...
5answers
6k views

### What's the best head-bob formula?

Given a point in space, a direction of travel, and a time since start, what's a convincing, non-sickening formula to simulate head bob? What's been successful in previous games? Has there been any ...