# Curved Meters and Gauges

I'm wondering how people here on GameDev stack exchange would handle curved meter GUI elements for things such as life bars or energy bars.

My thought on the matter was that you could use a shader with a cutoff value and an image which has one channel dedicated to masking the image (alpha) and one that also has a gradient which I compare to a uniform float to determine whether or not the fragment should be fully transparent.

However, I've been running into some strange behavior when writing this shader. Specifically, the shader's output has a weird artifact where the cutoff begins that looks almost like ripped paper -- the line that indicates the end of the meter has a sloppy contour.

This image has some distortion effect going on with the pixels where the lifebar is supposed to end via the cutoff uniform. There's definitely got to be a better way of doing this same thing in a more tactful way. Shader code is below:

   CGPROGRAM
#pragma vertex vert
#pragma fragment frag

sampler2D _MainTex;
float4 _Color;
float _Cutoff;

struct Vert_IN {
float4 loc : POSITION;
float4 texcoords : TEXCOORD0;
};

struct Frag_IN
{
float4 pos : SV_POSITION;
float4 uv : TEXCOORD0;
};

Frag_IN vert( Vert_IN input )
{
Frag_IN output;
output.uv = input.texcoords;
output.pos = mul( UNITY_MATRIX_MVP, input.loc );
return output;
}

float4 frag( Frag_IN input ) : COLOR
{
float4 value = _Color;
float4 valueFromMask = tex2D( _MainTex, input.uv.xy );

value.w = valueFromMask.w;
float desiredTransparency = step( valueFromMask.x, _Cutoff );
value.w = min( value.w, desiredTransparency );

return value;
}

ENDCG


(Again, the red channel of this image is actually a gradient mask used to determine where the cutoff point should be. Other channels were going to be used for something else (like special scrolling patterns or what not) )

Example of the asset used in the shader:

I'm assuming there's probably something I'm missing when using the step function that could help ease the fade-dropoff in order to make a better looking end result?

What do you think is a good method for making curved meter GUI elements? Is there something wrong with the shader code presented above that causes this strange page tearing artifact?

• Please ask one question per question – Kromster Feb 12 '15 at 8:09

## 2 Answers

Your graphic tool probably adds dithering (both Gimp and Photoshop does by default) which causes some pixels to be below or above the exact color value or you are using a compressed texture format which causes some pixels to have the wrong color value.

There might be an option in your graphic tool or texture importer to disable dithering or compression.

Here is an example of what happens in Gimp with dithering enabled in the gradient tool. The small section of the gradient has been scaled up and levels boosted using the Colors->Levels... tool to clearly show the gradient dithering.

Another option is using smoothstep to add a small gradient to the cutoff point. That would help hiding those errors.

• @Krom, Yes he does. Look at his screenshot above **This image has some distortion effect going on with the pixels where the lifebar is supposed to end via the cutoff uniform. ** – Stephane Hockenhull Feb 12 '15 at 13:54
• Hmm.. Yeah, it could be it under some circumstances. +1 – Kromster Feb 12 '15 at 13:57

Tearing is caused by the nature of step function. It outputs 0 or 1, causing pixel either to be rendered or not. If you try it with smoothstep function you will get smeared edge instead.

You can fix tearing artifact by rendering a line on top of the gauge (shown in green). Render the line with the same texture attached, just without the step( code - only the blue portion will be visible then.

• Adding that rendering points and lines is not very consistent and should be used only as a debug tool. For more consistent results use triangles to draw lines yourself or else you'll hit graphic glitches between drivers and even driver settings. – Stephane Hockenhull Feb 12 '15 at 14:02
• True. Rendering lines with custom quads is more reliable. – Kromster Feb 12 '15 at 14:07