Here's a Nintendo example:

Super Mario 3D World

Specifically, the animation of the pupils seems not to animate the geometry.

How is this done?

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ This might be relevant to the question \$\endgroup\$
    – ssb
    Sep 3, 2014 at 1:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ Excellent! thanks ssb, that's what I was looking for. \$\endgroup\$
    – Hoser24
    Sep 3, 2014 at 2:57

1 Answer 1


There can be a texture with the pupils and generous padding around them. On render, geometry just changes UV coords to sample from texture - hence smooth pupils movement on static geometry.


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