I want to draw a cube. This is what i currently have:

cube front and rotated by 1.3rad

As you can see, the perspective is VERY wrong. The the size in the z-direction is too small and the difference between the front and back size is wrong.

My code:

worldprojMatrix = Matrix.Identity;
worldprojMatrix *= Matrix.Translation(0, 0, 10);
//float ratio = ScreenWidth/ScreenHeight;
worldprojMatrix *= Matrix.PerspectiveFovLH(1f, ratio, 1f, 100f);
//worldprojMatrix *= Matrix.RotationY(1.3f);


//update the matrix with a constant buffer
DeviceContext.UpdateSubresource(ref worldprojMatrix, worldprojBuffer);

Vertex Shader:

struct VOut
  float4 position : SV_POSITION;
  float4 color    : COLOR;

cbuffer meshBuffer  :  register(b1)
  float4x4 worldprojMatrix;

VOut VShader(float4 position : POSITION, float4 color : COLOR)
  VOut output;

  output.position = mul(position, worldprojMatrix);
  output.color = color;

  return output;

I tried an ortho perspective, but there is the same problem: the z dimension is too small.

How can i fix that?

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ How about you try rotating -before- multiplying by the perspective projection matrix? Matrix multiplication is not commutative, you know? \$\endgroup\$ Commented May 20, 2014 at 10:15
  • \$\begingroup\$ @PandaPajama it worked :) edited my question, there is still something wrong \$\endgroup\$
    – fedab
    Commented May 20, 2014 at 11:17
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Your new problem looks like inverted normals: you're looking at the inside of the cube. (@AlexTennant's answer explains it in more technical detail) \$\endgroup\$
    – Xan
    Commented May 20, 2014 at 14:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Xan i didn't noticed that, i was sure, the blue is the front... it finally works. \$\endgroup\$
    – fedab
    Commented May 20, 2014 at 14:36

2 Answers 2


I don't know what vertex data you're using to draw that, but supposing it is a cube, I wouldn't say that the perspective is VERY wrong, or even wrong at all, on the left picture.

Based on your commented-out code, your ultimate view-projection matrix is getting calculated like this:

identity * translation * projection * rotation

Your drawing is getting distorted because you're rotating after applying the perspective matrix. Your view-projection matrix should be more like:

identity * rotation * translation * projection

Remember that matrix multiplication is not commutative.


OpenGL uses Right Handed coordinate system. But you are using Matrix.PerspectiveFovLH which creates a Left Handed perspective matrix. That is probably what causes the error.

  • \$\begingroup\$ You did notice he's using SharpDX, as in "DirectX", right? Besides, mixing the handedness will just flip the X coordinate, and would not create the problem he's experiencing. \$\endgroup\$ Commented May 20, 2014 at 10:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ I didn't notice that, indeed :/. \$\endgroup\$
    – Roy T.
    Commented May 20, 2014 at 14:00

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