How can I apply a texture over a material?

I've set up an object with the following material:

GLKBaseEffect *effect;
effect.colorMaterialEnabled = false;
effect.material.ambientColor = GLKVector4Make(251.0/255.0, 95.0/255.0, 96.0/255.0, 1.0);
effect.material.diffuseColor = GLKVector4Make(251.0/255.0, 95.0/255.0, 96.0/255.0, 1.0);

and it is correctly rendered with a pink color.

However, when I apply a texture with:

GLKTextureInfo * info = [GLKTextureLoader textureWithCGImage:...];
effect.texture2d0.name = info.name;
effect.texture2d0.enabled = true;

the material seems to disappear and I just see the texture; the object is transparent where the texture is not visible, instead of being pink.

Here's an example:

The texture is created with the following code:

- (UIImage*)generateTexturefromText:(NSString*)text {
    NSError *error;

    UILabel *myLabel = [[UILabel alloc] initWithFrame:CGRectMake(0, 0, 200, 200)];
    myLabel.text = text;
    myLabel.font = [UIFont fontWithName:"Helvetica" size:50];
    myLabel.textAlignment = NSTextAlignmentLeft;
    myLabel.textColor = [UIColor colorWithRed:0/255.0 green:0/255.0 blue:0/255.0 alpha:1];
    myLabel.backgroundColor = [UIColor clearColor];
    myLabel.numberOfLines = -1;
    myLabel.lineBreakMode = NSLineBreakByCharWrapping;

    UIGraphicsBeginImageContextWithOptions(myLabel.bounds.size, NO, 1.0);
    CGContextTranslateCTM(UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext(), 0, 0);
    CGContextScaleCTM(UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext(), 1.0, 1.0);
    [myLabel.layer renderInContext:UIGraphicsGetCurrentContext()];
    UIImage *layerImage = UIGraphicsGetImageFromCurrentImageContext();

    if (error) {
        NSLog(" Error loading texture from image: %",error);
        return nil;

    return layerImage;

Why is no color visible where the texture is transparent?

texture over material


1 Answer 1



effect.texture2d0.envMode = GLKTextureEnvModeDecal;

It is related to the Texture Environment Parameters, i.e. how OpenGL combines the diffuse color of the material with the texture value.

As described here: khronos.org/opengles/sdk/1.1/docs/man/glTexEnv.xml. If I'm right that GLKit instruction should correspond to:

  • \$\begingroup\$ You should really flesh this out more. Tell us why it works, what it does, etc. \$\endgroup\$
    – House
    Mar 14, 2014 at 14:12
  • \$\begingroup\$ Done, hope it helps :) \$\endgroup\$
    – DAN
    Mar 14, 2014 at 16:16

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