# Rotate to a set degree then reverse and repeat in Unity

I'm making my first project in Unity, a simple game where touching objects adds points to the player's score.

I'd like the objects to have a pleasant back and forth swaying animation on the Z axis. Nodding to the right 30 degrees, then to the left 30 degrees, on and on.

Here's what I've got...

public class Rotator : MonoBehaviour
{
void Update ()
{
transform.Rotate(new Vector3(0,0,12)*Time.deltaTime);
}
}


This gives me a nice slow rotation. But I am clueless how to tell Unity to stop at +30 degrees, reverse to -30 degrees, rotate again to +30, stop and repeat, etc, etc.

I'd really appreciate any help. Maybe there is a thread like this that I was not able to find? I assume it will involve some kind of 'if then' function?

This gives me a nice slow rotation. But I am clueless how to tell Unity to stop at +30 degrees, reverse to -30 degrees, rotate again to +30, stop and repeat, etc, etc.

I suggest you to use coroutines for that. There are several ways of course of doing that. The code could look more or less the following:

IEnumerator LoopRotation(float angle)
{
float rot = 0f;
float dir = 1f;
while(true)
{
while(rot < angle)
{
float step = Time.deltaTime * rotSpeed;
transform.Rotate(new Vector3(0,0,12)*step * dir);
yield return null;
}
rot= 0f;
dir *= -1f;
}
}

void Awake()
{
StartCoroutine(LoopRotation(30f))
}


Use a sine wave.

During the update method, get the elapsed total time and store that as a float. Feed it to a sine function and you'll end up with a value between -1 and 1 that oscillates between the two values; multiply it by thirty and you can rotate an object from -30 degrees to +30 degrees.

 float elapsed = Time.deltaTime; float degrees = Mathf.Sin(elapsed) * 30.0f; 

That might move a little too quickly, however, so you could always create a new floating-point variable and just increment that slightly each frame. Then feed that to the sine function.

 Mathf.Sin(0) == 0.0; Mathf.Sin(90) == 1.0f; Mathf.Sin(180) == 0.0f; Mathf.Sin(270) == -1.0f; 

I'm unfamiliar with how rotations are defined in unity, but I'll give it a go.

 float sineTime = Mathf.Sin(Time.deltaTime); transform.Rotate(new Vector3(0, 0, 1) * sineTime * 30); 

I hope this is useful for you.

• As Trevor once told me, I'll pass on: The Hermite basic interpolator P(t) = 3t^2 - 2t^3 (for 0 <= t <= 1) is often used because it's faster to calculate than the sine. (Interestingly, that comment of his was on my first answer, as this comment is to yours. Consider this your inheritance. :D)
– Anko
Commented Feb 12, 2014 at 20:54
• Heheh, thanks very much. It just immediately jumped to mind, but I'm intrigued now, so I'll give it a go and try it out! :-) Commented Feb 13, 2014 at 20:45