Now, the classic Torrance derivation for roughened surfaces which Cook took into vectorized form yields the familiar parametrization of a specular BRDF where we have the NDF which decides how much perturbation is around the average normal direction of the macrosurface. For example, in the isotropic GGX version, an alpha value is used to modulate just how rough the surface is or just how much specular reflection a partical halfdirection yields from the microsurface normal.
Then there's the geometry term which is, numerically, a protective term from the classic denominator of
dot(n,v) * dot(n,l) which can tend to zero and the whole term to infinity. It also has a more physically intuitive side rendered irrelevant by the sheer horror of division by zero.
And there's the Fresnel term, the least threatening of all of them.
Basically, it's DGF / (4(n.v)(n.l)). And if any of these terms fail, it goes to hell. Hence, all of these terms have normalizing terms which force them in the [0,1] range. Unfortunately, the one I was studying from Epic does not converge give in to the normalization and some values at grazing angles get frustratingly high.
The BRDF is the ratio between the outgoing radiance and the incoming irradiance. Anything beyond 1 is weird to me. But 477.43 is... Well... I've double-checked everything, the math is a direct match. And yet...