Is there any good book or tutorial that explains the physics behind creating a 2D Platformer game? Such as tile rendering, tile map reading, collision detection, camera movement etc.?
I think I stumbled upon this link here on gamedev and I really found it enlighting.
It explains some basic methods of implementing tile based levels, but there are also some important parts about how certain mechanics work in 2d platformers. I think you should look into slopes, as they can solve many problems you come across in platformers.
Good to know is, that most platformers don't even bother with implementing proper physics, but implement certain rules, that mimic some physical behavior (like gravity), but allow certain behaviors that wouldn't be allowed with proper physics (air control for example).