# Creating a 2D Line Branch

I'm looking into creating a 2D line branch, something for a "lightning effect". I did ask this question before on creating a "lightning effect" (mainly though referring to the process of the glow & after effects the lightning has & to whether it was a good method to use or not); Methods of Creating a "Lightning" effect in 2D

However i never did get around to getting it working. So i've been trying today to get a seconded attempt going but i'm getting now-were :/.

So to be clear on what i'm trying to-do, in this article posted; http://drilian.com/2009/02/25/lightning-bolts/

I'm trying to create the line segments seen in the images on the site. I'm confused mainly by this line in the pseudo code;

// Offset the midpoint by a random amount along the normal.
midPoint += Perpendicular(Normalize(endPoint-startPoint))*RandomFloat(-offsetAmount,offsetAmount);


If someone could explain this to me it would be really grateful :).

That line gets a unit vector (vector of length 1) from startPoint to endPoint

Normalize(endPoint-startPoint)


then gets a vector perpendicular to that (i.e. at right angles to the line)

Perpendicular(Normalize(endPoint-startPoint))


then multiplies it by some amount with a range (+ve or -ve).

* RandomFloat(-offsetAmount,offsetAmount)


It then adds this to midPoint thereby offsetting it.

• Thank you for the explanation, really helped clear things up for me :) Apr 15 '12 at 2:12

I also tryied to implement "lighting" effect into my engine and my part of code for your problem is follows:

Random rand=new Random();
Vector3 dir = Vector3.Normalize(segment.endPoint - segment.startPoint);
midPoint += new Vector3(dir.Y, -dir.X, 0) *(float)(rand.NextDouble()*(offsetAmount*2)-offsetAmount);


Trick is hidden here:

  new Vector3(dir.Y, -dir.X, 0)


This creates normal vector, witch is perpendicular.

• what time you feel was best for your offsetAmount? Apr 15 '12 at 2:18