I think you can by using virtual desktop cloud or cloud pc, but you need to install Unity and everything else needed on the cloud computer, and also install the software that is required to access the cloud computer on your laptop. Disclaimer: I never tried it myself. You also need to look at the latency, latency above 100ms might be frustrating to use, and it might also takes a lot of internet data, so be careful with it.
You may also need to install operating system on the cloud computer before you can use it (windows, linux, etc), which is difficult if you don't know how. But it is quite likely that this is going to change in the future where os installation will be easy, i don't see the reason why it won't.
Example of cloud pc : https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-365