Do major platforms like Google Play, App Store, and Steam allow apps to use assets without owner permission in case of 100% non-commercial releases? Do companies like Konami care?
Not legally, no, you cannot use it.
"Abandonware" is not a legal concept, and the original copyright ownership still stands, even if the original product is no longer being sold. Likewise it doesn't matter if you're offering your's for free, you would still be using material that is legally owned by someone else.
Finally, and as always, if you want a qualified legal opinion, then consult a qualified legal professional. The opinions of random anonymous people on the internet will not hold up in court.