For example, I'm looking to animate at 60 frames per second, but clearly my artist isn't going to hand-author 60 frames of art for every second of an animation clip and even if he could, it would only work properly in locked-timestep.
So given two successive frames in a sprite-based animation, I want to smoothly "interpolate" or "morph" between them at runtime to produce a smoother, and higher frame rate animation based on where the update time for the current frame lies between the two frames.
Another way to look at it would be to say that my animation is authored such that the frames occur at regular intervals, much less frequent then 60 FPS. Say I'm 30% between when frame N should appear and when frame N+1 should appear. I want to render an image that looks like it's a 30% the way through a smooth transition from the frame N image and the frame N+1 image.
This paper seems promising, but am interested in other potential solutions I could look at for implementing this. Please do not recommend a tool as a solution.