I'm doing a lot of 3D math in my game engine loop using typical classes like Vector3D, Matrix4x4, Plane3D, etc. Currently every operation causes a new object to be created for the result value. The number of new objects created causes a stutter whenever the GC kicks in.
In this simple vector operation, 2 new Vector3D objects are created, one at the divide and one at the multiply operator.
// C# result = (v / len1) * len2; // where len* is a `double`
I happen to know some C++, so an optimized version would create a disposable object on the stack and pass that to the individual ops, thereby automatically disposing off the temporary objects at the end of the function (also avoiding the GC altogether), something like this:
// C++ Vector3D result; v.divideBy(len1, &result); result.multiplyBy(len2, &result);
But as you can see its cumbersome and unreadable. So what are commonly used memory optimization strategies used by pro C++ gamedevs to optimize vector math? I'm looking for general platform agnostic solutions that can be implemented in C# and other high-level languages, although C++ memory tricks are also appreciated.