# How to prevent bullets from passing right through entities?

I'm making 2D arcade game. I write all of physics stuff myself. The problem involves bullet behaviour. Imagine bullet flying towards some entity. If the bullet's velocity is relatively high and the entity is small, the bullet passes right through the entity which is obviously not what it's meant to do. Here's the gif that shows why that happens (values are exaggerated to better show the process):
As you can see bullet's velocity is simply bigger than the size of the entity. Then I came up with this:
Getting point of impact coordinates means I can check if the distance between the point of impact is smaller than the bullet's velocity. If the distance is smaller then bullet should collide with the entity at the point of impact. But I don't know how to calculate the coordinates of the point of impact. Pls help.

<x,y,z> = <x0,y0,z0> + t*V  (1)