A mathematical concept that can be used to express position, direction or velocity and which can simplify or outright trivialise spatial problems.

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3answers
780 views

Should we go for our Vector2Int/Vector3Int implementation or just use built-in float based vectors?

So in one of our projects we're using Vector2/Vector3's a lot but we do only use integer/byte values mostly. So up to the point we've implemented our Vector2Int, Vector3Int, Vector2Byte and so ...
5
votes
1answer
254 views

Trouble with speed and vectors

I'm working on adding bullets to my game. Right now I can shoot bullets in the direction that I would like from a ship by getting the ship's angle: int speed = 5; int dx = ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a good way to determine if a vector is between two other vectors in 2D?

I could operate with the angles, but I do not have the angles calculated yet (and would like to avoid having to do that). It would be possible to calculate and cache the local-coordinate-frame angles, ...
5
votes
1answer
698 views

Rotating plane to be parallel to given normal via change of basis

I have two planes and their respective normals. I would like to rotate the second plane, planeB, so that it is parallel to the first, planeA. To do this, I am using a change of basis to rotate each ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why isn't this physics code scaling velocities separately?

I'm working my way through this book and I'm trying to work this code out: var squaredVelocity = this.velocity.x*this.velocity.x + this.velocity.z*this.velocity.z; if ...
4
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2answers
438 views

What are the properties of “position, velocity, acceleration, rotation” collectively named?

They say naming things is one of the hardest problems in computer programming. They were right. Given the pseudocode below, what is a more appropriate name for this collection of properties? ...
4
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2answers
9k views

Rotate vector by matrix?

If I have a Vector, say (1,1), how can I rotate it around the origin (0,0)? I'm working in XNA if that helps.
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I use the dot product to get an angle between two vectors?

I am learning to use normalized vectors in my games. I've learned that in order to know the angle between two vectors, I can use the dot product. This gives me a value between -1 and 1, where 1 ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Tetris - Rotations using Linear Algebra (Rotation Matrices)

I'm making Tetris in Java and am at the point of rotations... Originally I was hardcoding each rotation: if (direction.equals("right")) { if (shape.equals("Bar")) { if ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Given an angle for an arrow, how do I find its X and Y velocities?

I want to fire an arrow toward the mouse location. X0 = the players X location X1 = the mouse X location Y0 = the players Y location Y1 = the mouse Y location I want to make a method which takes ...
4
votes
3answers
813 views

What is a direction vector and why should it be normalized?

I've been trying to get the hang of vectors and I read Wolfire's blog about linear algebra and I seem to understand most stuff except when it comes to storing a direction as a vector and using it by ...
4
votes
1answer
894 views

How to bounce a 2d point particle off of a circular edge

In a prototype I'm building, a particle can spawn anywhere within a larger, confining circle. Important to note is that the particle will not spawn in the origin of the larger circle, but anywhere ...
4
votes
1answer
291 views

Does vector transformation order matter?

Theoretical question - imagine a car object. There are two (or more) 'forces' acting on this car, these forces will affect where the car will steer. But the forces are calculated using car's location ...
4
votes
4answers
568 views

Why not use vectors to represent orientation?

From what I've read, people mostly use either quaternions or 3x3 matrices to represent 3D orientations, while plain vectors are used for angular velocity/momentum. Since we can use vectors to ...
4
votes
1answer
604 views

Why game engines usually don't offer a vector3.rotate method? [closed]

Game engines like Three.js, Ogre3d and Unity3d often don't provide a default rotate method on their vector class. You usually have to do something like: rotated = vector.applyQuaternion( new ...
4
votes
2answers
324 views

Getting an angle in degrees from north

This may have been asked already, but I was unable to find it, because I don't really know what I'm looking for. I drew a picture: I need theta. I've seen various solutions using Vector.Dot, and ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How do I find a point given an angle and distance to it?

I'm working on a school project creating a tank team in the programming game Robocode. (It's a tank battle game with self-programmed bots, in Java). I'm programming a scout bot that scans, finds ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Raycasting tutorial / vector math question

I'm checking out this nice raycasting tutorial at http://lodev.org/cgtutor/raycasting.html and have a probably very simple math question. In the DDA algorithm I'm having trouble understanding the ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

Most effective way to manage a gamestate system that is easy to use?

I just started working on my game, mostly the game management. I plan and using game-states to make the menu's and other stuff easier. My main idea for implementing the game-states is creating a game ...
4
votes
1answer
889 views

How do I determine the position of one vector relative to another?

I'm making a game for Kinect in Unity which tracks hand movements. I have the player's root position and the position of their fist stored as 3-dimensional vectors (Vector3 in Unity), but they're both ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How to Calculate the Contact Point between Ray and Plane

Is there any quick way to find the intersection point between Plane and Ray?
4
votes
4answers
3k views

How to find the entity I'm looking at?

I am currently making a mod for Minecraft but I have come to a stop because I am lacking in some knowledge. I need to get data for the entity I am looking at, which I believe requires the use vectors, ...
4
votes
1answer
947 views

Calculating normal vector on a 2d pixelated map

I want to know an efficient way to get the normal of the surface of a 2d map. suppose an object hit the map, i want the object to bounce accordingly. The problem is, the "bounding box" of said object ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Implementing vector based movement in a 2d environment

Good evening. I apologize if the title is a bit vague, I really could not come up with anything better. I am currently reading a book called the nature of code and as a side project, I am working on ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

Drawing a texture line between two vectors in XNA WP7

I want to create a simple graph maker in WP7. The goal is to draw a texture line between two vectors what the user defines with touch. I already made the rotation, and it is working, but not ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Points on lines where the two lines are the closest together

I'm trying to find the points on two lines where the two lines are the closest. I've implemented the following method (Points and Vectors are as you'd expect, and a Line consists of a Point on the ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Limit rotation heading by cone/angle

What is a fast way of limiting the heading vector to a certain angle so that it turns in greater distance relative to the limit. A smaller cone/angle should make the object take a far bigger curve to ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

Get points on a line between two points

I'm making a simple space game in JavaScript, but now I've hit a wall regarding vectors. The game view is top-down on a 2d grid. When the user clicks on the grid, the space ship will fly to that ...
3
votes
5answers
4k views

Normalization of Vectors: Return a copy of the result or alter the object itself?

When calculating the normal of a vector, which is considered canon: Returning a copy: Vector2D Vector2D::Normalize() const { double a1 = GetX(); double a2 = GetY(); double a3 = GetZ(); ...
3
votes
4answers
875 views

Is it better to track rotation with a vector or a float?

In XNA, you can see that to draw a rotated sprite with SpriteBatch, you'll need a float describing the angle in radians. I'm used to making games in OpenGL. I just want a rapid prototyping ...
3
votes
2answers
723 views

How to find point on a circle that's opposite another point?

How do I find the coordinate of point and angle value on circle sprite which placed on opposite side of sprite from a touch point and the center point of the sprite? I know A position, B position and ...
3
votes
6answers
3k views

How to implement object velocity as a vector

I'm working on a Breakout game, and want to change the ball's movement code from how I currently do it, to something based on vectors (as I feel learning and implementing movement based on vectors ...
3
votes
3answers
157 views

2 component unit vector

Is it possible to store a 3d unit length vector with only 2 components, for example as coordinates on a unit sphere? It seems possible but I have never seen anyone do this. Would this be at all ...
3
votes
4answers
5k views

How can I implement a directional melee attack?

I am attempting to make a top down game similar to the SNES Zelda games, in Unity 4.3, in 2D. When my character swings their sword, every enemy within a radius takes damage. I want to make sure that ...
3
votes
2answers
180 views

What kind of projection is ScreenX=X/Z, ScreenY=Y/Z?

I have an existing class which transforms 3D vectors and projects them on a 2D plane (Camera). The code is all written in C without help from an external library. To project a single vector (X,Y,Z) ...
3
votes
2answers
307 views

How do you transform a vector to use another objects orientation?

I want to take a vector that is using world coordinates and position it using the orientation of an object. So, if the direction of the object is the z-axis, and the vector is (0,0,1), then the ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Line triangle intersection - last bits

I'm doing line-triangle intersection. I have found the intersection point (vector) on the plane. All I need to do now is work out whether the point is inside the triangle it collided with (not the ...
3
votes
2answers
351 views

How do I make a 2D race car turn smoothly? [duplicate]

I'm making a competitive 2-player 2D racing game for a school project. I'm struggling with the movements of my car: I made it a square for testing purposes and it can move left, right, up or down, but ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to calculate left/right oriented angle between two 2D vectors? [duplicate]

I would like to calculate angle between two 2D vectors. Here's a picture of what I'm trying to achieve: I have an obstacle line segment AB and incoming moving PC. If I'm coming from one side C¹D¹ ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

How to smoothly rotate a vector in a direction?

I'm looking for an easy way to achieve the following: Object A, B { Vector2D position; Vector2D orientation; } update(elapsed) { //rotate A's orientation in B's direction by x * elapsed ...
3
votes
3answers
189 views

Determining a point that reached another point

I have two points, one is moving and one is stationary. I would like to know if the moving point has reached that point or not. I tried to calculate the distance between two vectors and the distance ...
3
votes
1answer
416 views

Confused about order of operation when using a Matrix in XNA, C#

Here are two different pieces of code This is what I started with Vector2 hold = Vector2.Transform(pos1, mat1); Matrix inv = Matrix.Invert(mat2); Vector2 pos2 = Vector2.Transform(hold, inv); And ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Bukkit shoot tnt & help with vectors

I want to shoot a piece of tnt from the players face and then let it explode when it hits the target block. if (cmd.getName().equalsIgnoreCase("cannon")) { ...
3
votes
4answers
630 views

How to draw a line of a given length towards a given object?

I wanna draw a line between two moving objects I can't use: cDrawLine(startPointCG, endPointCG); because the line must have a length. So I'm trying to measure the angle between those two points ...
3
votes
3answers
346 views

Adding 'swerve' to a direction

I'm not much of a maths expert, so this is probably quite straight forward. I was playing a soccer flash game where you take free kicks. You provide Power, Swerve and Direction. I'm reading up on ...
3
votes
3answers
495 views

When to return a reference and when to return a copy?

I was looking at the d3dx math .h and noticed that a difference between the "+" and "+=" operators: D3DXVECTOR3& operator += ( CONST D3DXVECTOR3& ); D3DXVECTOR3 operator + ( CONST ...
3
votes
1answer
452 views

What is Vector Projection and what is it's use in games?

Couldn't find a clear enough answer on Google. I know what vectors are. But what does it mean to project a vector onto another, and what is it used for in games?
3
votes
4answers
356 views

How do I find the 2D direction to a 3D location?

I'm writing a 3D space flightsim, and I'm trying to display a 2D arrow on screen that points to the player's selected target. To clarify, the arrow needs to point in the direction that the player has ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Make objects follow a strict path (Xna)

I am making a defence game. Naturally, this means that there needs to be objects following a path on the screen. I want to make it a strict path from one point to another to another. I could use an ...
3
votes
2answers
520 views

3D rotation matrices deform object while rotating

I'm writing a small 3D renderer (using an orthographic projection right now). I've run into some trouble with my 3D rotation matrices. They seem to squeeze my 3D object (a box primitive) at certain ...