A mathematical concept that can be used to express position, direction or velocity and which can simplify or outright trivialise spatial problems.

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55 views

Using Angles (or rotation) with Vectors for Car physics

I've been reading this blog that explains basic linear algebra for game developers and I understand the basics of vector mathematics. I'm using vectors to create a car that simulates the very basic ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Vector normalization gives very imprecise results

When I normalize vectors I receive very strange results. The lengths of the normalized vectors range from 1.0 to almost 1.5. The functions are all written by me, but I just can't find a mistake in my ...
2
votes
4answers
189 views

How do I rotate a camera around the Y axis of the object it's looking at? [duplicate]

I'm making a camera that can currently rotate freely from the back to the front of a target object by giving it an angle and a distance. I do the above with the following code directionVector = ...
19
votes
3answers
897 views

What's so different/complicated/useful about vectors?

Forgive me if this isn't considered a real question, but it is something I am genuinely confused about. I constantly hear other game developers talk about how using vectors are very useful, but also ...
3
votes
4answers
273 views

How do I find the 2D direction to a 3D location?

I'm writing a 3D space flightsim, and I'm trying to display a 2D arrow on screen that points to the player's selected target. To clarify, the arrow needs to point in the direction that the player has ...
-1
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2answers
250 views

XNA Creating a directional vector from two other vectors

Could somebody please tell me what I'm missing? I have a scene where the camera is fixed in the sky looking down on a plane. On that plane is a 3D model. I want to move the 3D model in the direction ...
5
votes
3answers
382 views

Why is this code producing jittery movement?

I have a new project, all settings default with a simple cube on a plane. Cube is not kinematic but is a rigid body under the effects of gravity. I'm trying to normalize the direction before I ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Bouncing objects against the side of the screen

I want to have certain circular objects bounce against all four sides of the screen. After searching a lot on the internet, I found the following formula: Vout = Vin - ((1+e) *dot(Vnormal, Vin) * ...
1
vote
2answers
266 views

What is the camera direction vector for an isometric view?

What values correspond to a 3D vector for screen-normal from within an isometric game? It needs to be in game coordinates. It is a standard isometric where tiles are rotated 45 degrees and half ...
0
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0answers
191 views

Finding a normal vector

I'm trying to replace my old integer based movement and collision system with a vector system, because its more precise and more flexible. I want to implement wall sliding, such that if a player hits ...
1
vote
2answers
127 views

Twitchy sprite movement

I'm having an issue with sprite movement, and I'm not sure how to deal with it. When I set a destination for my player sprite (by clicking the screen), it sets the player moving in that direction. ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

How to calculate where specular highlights converge with an anisotropic shader?

If you look at a rendering with an anisotropic shader applied you will notice that there are special spots on the 3D surface/mesh where the lights seems to converge, a point where a given vector ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Explaining vector problem

I'm trying to simulate a centipede game, and I'm doing the snake movement. I have seen that piece of code, but can't get it, I know it gets the different between the current, previou's nodes ...
14
votes
5answers
704 views

Can I simplify the inequality “distance(p1, p2) < distance(p1, p3)?”

I am working on some vector logic, so am asking: can I save processor time by simplifying this inequality: distance(vector1, vector2) < distance(vector1, vector3) I see that vector1 is repeated ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Move object forward based on it's direction(1D rotation) [duplicate]

I have 2D game where I want my object to move forward based on it's direction. This is what I've tried: position.x+=Math.Cos(rotation)*speed; position.y+=Math.Sin(rotation)*speed; However this ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

How to correctly represent a bone system?

I'm currently representing my bone system as follows, in pseudocode: root = {} root.rot = v3(0,0,0) root.pos = v3(0,0,0) function create_child(parent,rot,length): child_bone = {} ...
0
votes
0answers
189 views

Space Strategy Ship Movement Math

This is similar to a question I asked a while ago, but I phrased it so terribly so might as well start over. I am trying to implement ship movement in 3D space, but confined to a 2D plane at y=0 (see ...
0
votes
2answers
210 views

How do I calculate speed given two xy vectors?

I have some code that returns the x and y linear velocities of a moving space ship. How can I combine these to give me total speed? x = self.player._box2dBody.GetLinearVelocity().x; y = ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

How to simulate acceleration and then deceleration?

Currently I am only using deceleration. Here is how I do it I need to cover Vector(x,y) unit distance to reach B from A. I simply do - rendering loop-> position = A + Vector(x,y).scale(factor); ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

2D vector to Quaternion

I have a 2D vector (with only X and Y), and my engine only supports orientation through Quaternions. How do I translate a 2D vector to a quaternion? The X and Y represent the direction (so X = 0 ...
0
votes
2answers
133 views

Finding vectors with two points

We're are trying to get the direction of a projectile but we can't find out how For example: [1,1] will go SE [1,-1] will go NE [-1,-1] will go NW and [-1,1] will go SW we need an equation of ...
-2
votes
1answer
84 views

2D Vector Compass Direction [duplicate]

Relating to this question; What's the best way of translating a 2D vector into the closest 8-way compass direction? My query is if this would work in the following order(below) and if so, how ...
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Vector Math question

Suppose I have two game object located at two Vector3s v1 and v2, respectively. If I wanted to locate a position between v1 ad v2, but 3 units away from v2, how would I manage that in terms of ...
1
vote
1answer
214 views

Calculating projectile velocity from moving object

I'm working on a top down space shooter and am having trouble with calculating/understanding the physics for projectiles launched from the space ship. The ships have a velocity vector and a turret ...
1
vote
1answer
173 views

When to use an Array vs When to use a Vector, when dealing with GameObjects?

I understand that from other answers, Arrays and Vectors are the best choices. Many on SE claim that Linked Lists and Maps are bad for video game programming. I understand that for the most part, I ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

Sharp DX Identity Matrix, Matrix.Forward vector pointing at negative Z

I'm trying to take a steady grip on Sharp DX. Already done some work like translating, scaling and rotating objects. Now i have to calculate the rotation matrix using only direction vector and ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Quaternion to direction vector - flipping

I've kinda solved this myself by adapting the Camera::setDirection code from OGRE to work for my need: Now I have the following code: Vector3 boneDir = getBoneWorldOrientation(mEntity, mHips) * ...
4
votes
2answers
857 views

What is a good way to determine if a vector is between two other vectors?

I could operate with the angles, but I do not have the angles calculated yet (and would like to avoid having to do that). It would be possible to calculate and cache the local-coordinate-frame angles, ...
9
votes
4answers
863 views

How does normal mapping really work?

I'm trying to grasp the concept of normal mapping, but I'm confused by a few things. In short, I'm not sure whether a normal map is viewpoint dependent or not (i.e. whether you'll get a different ...
1
vote
2answers
467 views

Libgdx: Am I abusing Vector2? Is there a better way to do my position updates and rendering?

I'm simulating hair in a game. Currently I have a HairField object, which has a position defined by a Vector2. Each HairField has multiple Hair objects in a list, each with a position defined by a ...
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

JavaScript “Floats”, or ThreeJS wrong positioning? [closed]

I want to learn how to use Vectors with 3D. Here is a strange Error I have encountered today. Instead of stopping exactly on the other Cube, I get this: When I change the IF to (cube.position.y ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Rotation of a car? [duplicate]

I am working on a game. I want to rotate enemies car so that they face the player car and move to approach it. I tried couples of techniques and algorithm but did not get fruitful results. I want to ...
14
votes
1answer
3k views

Determine arc-length of a Catmull-Rom spline

I have a path that is defined by a concatenation of Catmull-Rom splines. I use the static method Vector2.CatmullRom in XNA that allows for interpolation between points with a value going from 0 to 1. ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Rotating sprites

I'm a beginner at making games, i'm currently only working in 2D using XNA. So far all of my games i've been using the following logic for sprite movement: if(left key pressed) sprite_x_position ...
3
votes
4answers
797 views

Is it better to track rotation with a vector or a float?

In XNA, you can see that to draw a rotated sprite with SpriteBatch, you'll need a float describing the angle in radians. I'm used to making games in OpenGL. I just want a rapid prototyping ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

How to smoothly rotate a vector in a direction?

I'm looking for an easy way to achieve the following: Object A, B { Vector2D position; Vector2D orientation; } update(elapsed) { //rotate A's orientation in B's direction by x * elapsed ...
-1
votes
1answer
114 views

Optimization of Storage of Spells a Character Knows

I need to store which spells a character knows. While the game is executing I have them stored in a vector. Obviously storing this many values is either going to take a lot of computing to get the ...
8
votes
3answers
515 views

Collision detection problems using AABB's

I implemented a simple collision detection routine using AABB's between my main game sprite and various platforms (Please see code below). It works great, but I'm now introducing gravity to make my ...
4
votes
5answers
826 views

Implementing vector based movement in a 2d environment

Good evening. I apologize if the title is a bit vague, I really could not come up with anything better. I am currently reading a book called the nature of code and as a side project, I am working on ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

How to implement object velocity as a vector

I'm working on a Breakout game, and want to change the ball's movement code from how I currently do it, to something based on vectors (as I feel learning and implementing movement based on vectors ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

What kind of projection is ScreenX=X/Z, ScreenY=Y/Z?

I have an existing class which transforms 3D vectors and projects them on a 2D plane (Camera). The code is all written in C without help from an external library. To project a single vector (X,Y,Z) ...
0
votes
2answers
285 views

Asteroids Movement

I have been making an asteroids clone, in C#. However, the ship's movement is... not quite right. My plan is this: there is a speed, and two directions, namely the direction the ship is facing ...
0
votes
3answers
132 views

Keeping raycast on the same level

I want my raycast to end at certain height(red line). But as the game is 3D and the camera rotates I can't use a fixed magnitude. What I thought was a stroke of genius, I figured I'd project the ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

front and back face detection

I am trying to implement a dynamic shadow system for a 2d game using this tutorial : ...
3
votes
3answers
782 views

Tetris - Rotations using Linear Algebra (Rotation Matrices)

I'm making Tetris in Java and am at the point of rotations... Originally I was hardcoding each rotation: if (direction.equals("right")) { if (shape.equals("Bar")) { if ...
4
votes
2answers
213 views

Getting an angle in degrees from north

This may have been asked already, but I was unable to find it, because I don't really know what I'm looking for. I drew a picture: I need theta. I've seen various solutions using Vector.Dot, and ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Rotating plane to be parallel to given normal via change of basis

I have two planes and their respective normals. I would like to rotate the second plane, planeB, so that it is parallel to the first, planeA. To do this, I am using a change of basis to rotate each ...
2
votes
1answer
445 views

2D Top down acceleration vector

I have been wanting to solve the issue of movement once and for all... with all that I have learnt and read through, should be a piece of cake one would have thought... , seems it isn't. Having ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

Calculating the rotational force of a 2D sprite

I am wondering if someone has an elegant way of calculating the following scenario. I have an object of (n) number of squares, random shapes, but we will pretend they are all rectangles. We are ...
4
votes
1answer
448 views

Why game engines usually don't offer a vector3.rotate method? [closed]

Game engines like Three.js, Ogre3d and Unity3d often don't provide a default rotate method on their vector class. You usually have to do something like: rotated = vector.applyQuaternion( new ...