a computer program that runs on graphics hardware and provides a high degree of control over how scenes are rendered

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22
votes
4answers
12k views

How can I draw outlines around 3D models?

How can I draw outlines around 3D models? I'm referring to something like the effects in a recent Pokemon game, which appear to have a single-pixel outline around them:
20
votes
3answers
15k views

outline object effect

How can I achieve an outline effect similar to the ones found in League of Legends or Diablo III? Is it done using a shader? How? I would prefer answers that are not tied up to any particular ...
15
votes
4answers
6k views

How can I acheive a smooth 2D lighting effect?

I'm making a 2D tile based game in XNA. Currently my lightning looks like this. How can I get it to look like this? Instead of each block having its own tint, it has a smooth overlay. I'm assuming ...
14
votes
1answer
17k views

How do I create a cel-shaded cartoon look?

I am interested in everything related to this kind of effect (modeling, game engine, animation). What sort of stuff is needed? Here are some sample images of what I mean:
2
votes
2answers
3k views

2d metaballs with shader to give blobs of water effect?

I want to simulate blobs of water in a 2d game in Unity3d. One possible way of doing it is to use 3d metaballs moving in a 2d plane though this is very processor intensive. Do you think it would be ...
38
votes
1answer
5k views

How can I reduce aliasing in my outline glow effect?

I'm trying to replicate the glowing outline effect in the Left 4 Dead game. The effect causes an objects outline to glow, even when the object is occluded. Here is a screenshot of the effect: I'm ...
19
votes
12answers
9k views

What are some good resources for learning HLSL?

The last time I tried learning HLSL, I made a few shaders and mostly understood what I was doing, but I still felt like I was stumbling in the dark. Most of what I learned I got from various blog ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

GLSL, all in one or many shader programs?

I am doing some 3D demos using OpenGL and I noticed that GLSL is somewhat "limited" (or is it just me?). Anyway I have many different types of materials. Some materials have ambient and diffuse color, ...
12
votes
1answer
4k views

Game Engine Design – Ubershader - Shader management design

I want to implement a flexible Ubershader system (with deferred shading). My current idea is to create shaders out of modules, which deal with certain features (FlatTexture, BumpTexture, Displacement ...
15
votes
6answers
4k views

Modern Shader Book?

I'm interested in learning about Shaders: What are they, when/for what would I use them, and how to use them. (Specifically I'm interested in Water and Bloom effects, but I know close to 0 about ...
16
votes
1answer
3k views

The practical cost of swapping effects

I use XNA for my projects and on those forums I sometimes see references to the fact that swapping an effect for a mesh has a relatively high cost, which surprises me as I thought to swap an effect ...
13
votes
5answers
646 views

How to make unit selection circles merge?

I would like to know how to make this effect of merged circle selection. Here are images to illustrate: Basically I'm looking for this effect: How the merge effect of the circles can be ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Engine Rendering pipeline : Making shaders generic

I am trying to make a 2D game engine using OpenGL ES 2.0 (iOS for now). I've written Application layer in Objective C and a separate self contained RendererGLES20 in C++. No GL specific call is made ...
15
votes
2answers
3k views

Do I lose/gain performance for discarding pixels even if I don't use depth testing?

When I first searched for discard instruction, I've found experts saying using discard will result in performance drain. They said discarding pixels will break GPU's ability to use zBuffer properly ...
11
votes
2answers
9k views

How can I create an efficient bloom shader with GLSL?

I have searched the net for resources related to rendering a bloom effect using GLSL, but haven't found anything. Although the tutorial at Philip Rideout's website is a good one, it performs very ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Vertex Shader Fundamental Workings

I understand that water ripples (e.g. stone thrown into a pond) are often handled with vertex shaders. My first question is: are the ripples nothing more than an algorithm that is the function of ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Detect Mip mapping level in the shader?

Is there a way to do this in pixel shader 2.0/3.0? I've got on or off transparency so when the mipmapping level is different the transparency can take up too much of the texture and make it ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Multiple pixel shader passes

I currently have a pixel shader that calculates the texture and I have another that calculates the light. I want another shader that does both. What I would ideally like to do is instead of creating a ...
2
votes
1answer
743 views

Alpha Blending: use the pixel with the smallest alpha

I'm writing a transparency shader where I need any intersecting textures to, wherever they overlap, take the texture pixel with the smallest alpha value and render only that, discarding the other ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

2d game view camera zoom, rotation & offset using 'Filter' / 'Shader' processing?

I wish to add the ability to zoom-in, zoom-out, rotate and move the view in a top-down view over a collection of points and lines in a large 2d map. I split the map into a grid so I only need to ...
1
vote
1answer
709 views

Problem when animating MD5 model (GPU Skinning)

I'm trying to implement a GPU skinning version of the md5mesh.js by @tojiro (demo with CPU skinning) in WebGL (live demo of the project here, use WASD to move the camera around). The main concept is ...
3
votes
1answer
138 views

Using normals in DirectX 10

I've got a working OBJ loader that loads vertices, indices, texture coordinates, and normals. As of right now it doesn't process texture coordinates or normals but it stores them in arrays and creates ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

2D metaball liquid effect - how to feed output of one rendering pass as input to another shader

I'm attempting to make a shader for unity3d web project. I want to implement something like in the great answer by DMGregory in this question. in order to achieve a final look something like this.. ...
32
votes
4answers
27k views

Using multiple shaders

I'm currently studying opengl shaders but I can't figure out something: how to apply different shaders to the objects, for example, a teapot rendered using toon shader and another one in the same ...
24
votes
2answers
5k views

After a succesful glLinkProgram, should I delete / detach my shaders?

After I have a linked program, and thinking about defensive programming, should I delete and detach the shaders used to link this program? If yes, is that going to free any resources? Or do these ...
21
votes
3answers
9k views

For voxel rendering, what is more efficient: pre-made VBO or a geometry shader?

Given a fairly static voxel array, what is more efficient: using the CPU to pre-generate a VBO to render the voxel faces (ignoring more advanced forms of rendering like marching cubes for now) or ...
14
votes
2answers
18k views

OpenGL ES 2.0: Setting up 2D Projection

This article describes in general, how to draw sharp OpenGL 2D graphics, using fixed function pipeline. http://basic4gl.wikispaces.com/2D+Drawing+in+OpenGL Because OpenGL ES 2.0 has some ES 1.x ...
13
votes
3answers
6k views

Fastest way to render lines with AA, varying thickness in DirectX

So I'm doing some DirectX development, using SharpDX under .NET to be exact (but DirectX/C++ API solutions are applicable). I'm looking for the fastest way to render lines in an orthogonal projection ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Pixel-perfect rendering to a rendertarget with a fullscreen quad

I have some trouble rendering a bunch of values to a rendertarget. The values never end up in the exact range I want them to. Basically I use a fullscreen quad and a pixel shader to render to my ...
8
votes
5answers
4k views

What rendering techniques would I use to draw a drop shadow effect for cards in a card game?

What type of shading algorithm might be used to create shadows like these? the one I'm making is similar but it is all done with a 2D drawing API powered by OpenGL so there is no Z coordinate. In ...
15
votes
2answers
717 views

OpenGL: Where shoud I place shaders?

I'm trying to learn OpenGL ES 2.0 and I'm wondering what is the most common practice to "manage" shaders. I'm asking this question because in the examples I've found (like the one included in the API ...
9
votes
2answers
488 views

How do I perform an xBR or hqx filter in XNA?

I'd like to render my game scaled up with one of the hqx filters (hq2x, hq3x or hq4x) or an xBR filter in a shader. How can I do this in XNA 4.0 and SM3? Side note: this question has been heavily ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

GLSL Shader Editors for Linux

Are there any good IDE's for linux that lets us edit GLSL shaders and visualize their effect? Note : Shader Designer By Typhoon Labs is a good option but I am looking for alternatives as this ...
13
votes
4answers
5k views

Fixed-Function vs Shaders: Which for beginner?

I'm currently going to college for computer science. Although I do plan on utilizing an existing engine at some point to create a small game, my aim right now is towards learning the fundamentals: ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Debugging Shader Code?

I'm writing a game engine, and when I use a perspective camera I get a black screen. I am not going to ask exactly why this is because there would be a lot of code to share and, frankly, I think ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Efficient skeletal animation

I am looking at adopting a skeletal animation format (as prompted here) for an RTS game. The individual representation of each model on-screen will be small but there will be lots of them! In ...
9
votes
6answers
4k views

Good example of a multi-pass effect?

In XNA (and Direct3D in general AFAIK), rather than creating individual vertex and fragment shaders, you bundle potentially many related shaders into 'Effects'. When you come to use an effect you ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Deferred shading - how to combine multiple lights?

I'm starting out with GLSL and I've implemented simple deferred shading that outputs G-buffer with positions, normals and albedo. I've also written a simple point light shader. Now I draw a sphere ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

glsl demo suggestions?

In a lot of places I interviewed recently, I have been asked many a times if I have worked with shaders. Even though, I have read and understand the pipeline, the answer to that question has been no. ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Realistic metal shader

How do you create a good metal shader? For different metals and say more or less eroded / rusty and so on. I know that one difference from ordinary materials is that metal should 'colour' the ...
11
votes
4answers
910 views

Is there any Shaders Directory? [closed]

There are many tutorials to learn GLSL, Cg, HLSL... with classical samples as bump mapping, toon-shading... But is there a shaders directory? a website where i can share my shaders search shader by ...
6
votes
2answers
909 views

Rendering collections of light sources

I have a small test environment where small point lights are scattered. Players should able to collect them. The collectible lights are rendered using a simple billboard technique where two triangles ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

GLSL if-else statement unexpected behaviour

This question is related to this other one I asked a few days ago. Because I have finally get to the bottom of the issue, I have rather preferred to open a new question with a more detailed ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Is multitexturing really just “using more than one texture”?

This might seem stupid, but it bugs me. From what I understand, multitexturing is just using more than 1 texture per shader (usually to blend them somehow). So instead of creating 1 texture, I create ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

How to invert background pixel's color

I'm writing a game and map editor using Java and jMonkeyEngine. In the map editor, I've got a brush done by wireframed sphere. My problem is: I want to make it visible everywhere, so I want to invert ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Should the modelview and projection matrices be calculated in the shader or on the CPU?

At minimum I would have a camera with rotation and world position; projections parameters such as angle of view and perspective vs. orthographic; and meshes with scale, angle, and world position. ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How is this glowing with colors radiating outward 2D effect accomplished?

I'm currently totally at a loss as to how this effect is done: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp8MHUNp7Cg The glowing on the ship and the changing color. I want to do this effect in XNA 4.0 any ...
4
votes
1answer
427 views

How can I handle the combination of multiple shader effects?

To be able to work efficiently with effects, is there a good way to combine multiple reusable "base" effects to achieve a more complex final result? For example, say I have an effect that handles ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Loading and using an HLSL shader?

I've been looking everywhere and all I can find are tutorials on writing the shaders. None of them showed me how to incorporate them into my scene. So essentially: Given an hlsl shader, if I were to ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I make a shader effect that looks like a lightly shaded pencil drawing?

I want to make a shader effect using OpenGL ES 2.0 that looks like this image: I'm not sure if this image was painted or is the result of some filter, but I want to create a shader that produces ...