a computer program that runs on graphics hardware and provides a high degree of control over how scenes are rendered

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6
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3answers
6k views

shader tutorial for unity

I would like to start developing my own shaders within unity. For starters I would like to do a screen spaced blur. Are there any good tutorials to learn shader development besides the official ...
6
votes
1answer
262 views

OpenGL 2.0 - Texture animation with 'pixelated' effect

I'm looking for a way to reproduce the effect I've tried to sketch in the image below with OpenGL ES 2.0. The idea is to let a drop of color fall over a cube which get filled with a kind of ...
6
votes
2answers
271 views

Improving the efficiency of my bloom/glow shader

I'm making a neon style game where everything is glowing but the glow I have is kinda small and I want to know if there's an efficient way to increase the size of it other than increasing the pixel ...
6
votes
1answer
580 views

GLSL subroutine not being used

I'm using a gaussian blur fragment shader. In it, I thought it would be concise to include 2 subroutines: one for selecting the horizontal texture coordinate offsets, and another for the vertical ...
6
votes
1answer
409 views

Huge 2d pixelized world

I would like to make a game field in a indie-strategic 2d game to be some a-like this popular picture. So every "pixel"(blocks) changes it's color slowly, sometimes a bright color wave happens, etc, ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Adding a simple mix() destroys the framerate

I have a very simple shader and added linear fog via mix like this: finalColor = mix(finalColor, vec3(0.5, 0.8, 0.95), vUVoutAndViewZ.z); Note that the view Z distance is in the variable that also ...
6
votes
2answers
584 views

What is a good alternative to Unified Shader for Shadows?

Most shadow systems I have seen use a unified shader system for shadowing techniques, resulting in an uber shader for the projects. What alternatives do you find work well or is the unified shader ...
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Tessellation vs Geometry Shader

Correct me if I'm wrong, but both the Geometry Shader and the Tessellation Shader jobs are to generate vertices in the Graphic Pipeline. What I would like to know is how they are different and when ...
6
votes
1answer
579 views

Partial Shader Signatures HLSL D3D11 C++

I had been debugging a problem I was having in a single shader file with 2 functions in it. I'm using DirectX 11, vs_5_0 and ps_5_0. I have stripped it down to its basic components to understand what ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Using a GLSL fragment shader to draw a texture in the middle of a quad

I'm not sure how possible this is, but I'm trying to use a fragment shader to draw a portion of a texture in the middle of a quad. This is all 2D. The quads consist of four vertices from (0, 0) to ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to manage shaders?

I've done some shader programming some time ago but only simple stuff. I'm especially interested in how do you manage shaders? Do you just write one of each kind, or do you need more of them? If so, ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Looking for an example of glass with XNA or DirectX 9

Any good pointers on how to get the refractive look of glass? I'm looking to create a think piece of glass type of look, sort of the type that you'd have on bathroom shower doors.
6
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3answers
1k views

How to handle multiple effect files in XNA

So I'm using ModelMesh and it's built in Effects parameter to draw a mesh with some shaders I'm playing with. I have a simple GUI that lets me change these parameters to my heart's desire. My question ...
6
votes
2answers
921 views

Casting a shadow over a whole scene with GLSL in 2D?

I'm making a (non-isometric) side scrolling 2D game and I want each fragment that I draw to cast a small drop shadow when it is near another object. What sort of algorithms are used in fragment ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

gl_PointCoord always zero

I am trying to draw point sprites in OpenGL with a shader but gl_PointCoord is always zero. Here is my code Setup: //Shader creation..(includes glBindAttribLocation(program, ATTRIB_P, "p");) ...
5
votes
2answers
933 views

Different number of lights => different shader

I have a shader that computes lighting for each light. PointLight PointLights[10]; uniform const float NumPointLights; for(int i = 0; i < NumPointLights; i++) { lightVec = ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

What happened to .fx files in D3D11?

It seems they completely ruined .fx file loading / parsing in D3D11. In D3D9, loading an entire effect file was D3DXCreateEffectFromFile( .. ), and you got a ID3DXEffect9, which had great methods ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How is this glowing with colors radiating outward 2D effect accomplished?

I'm currently totally at a loss as to how this effect is done: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zp8MHUNp7Cg The glowing on the ship and the changing color. I want to do this effect in XNA 4.0 any ...
5
votes
3answers
634 views

Finding out what pixel on the screen the fragment falls on

In my 2D game, I render tiles. I want to do lighting without needing an extra buffer the size of the screen. Either in glsl or hlsl, what could I feed to the shader each time I render a bitmap so ...
5
votes
1answer
289 views

Where to store shaders

I have an OpenGL renderer which has a Scene member variable. The Scene object can contain N SceneObjects. I use these SceneObjects for storing the vertex position and any transforms. My question is, ...
5
votes
1answer
379 views

What is the point of this hard-coded vector when calculating luminance in glow/bloom effects?

I have looked at two different vertex shaders that calculate luminance and both use a "magic" vector that I'm not sure the meaning of the the actual values. For instance: const mediump vec3 ...
5
votes
2answers
620 views

Which are the most futureproof languages for graphics (shader) programming?

I have written some GLSL and Cg shaders a couple years back. I am starting another graphics engine project and I want to choose my technologies carefully so that my code will be accessible years down ...
5
votes
1answer
423 views

HLSL Circle all white

I have been trying to get my shader code (HLSL) to draw a simple circle but after a day and a half I am getting nowhere. It seems people are using the x^2 + y^2 = r^2 and remap texcoords but I only ...
5
votes
3answers
900 views

Vertex Shader Fundamental Workings

I understand that water ripples (e.g. stone thrown into a pond) are often handled with vertex shaders. My first question is: are the ripples nothing more than an algorithm that is the function of ...
5
votes
2answers
690 views

What range of values can HLSL's tex2D function return?

When using the tex2d function in a HLSL shader, as so: float height = tex2D(heightMap, IN.texCoord).r; What range of values can be returned to the height variable? Is it always a number between ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Should the modelview and projection matrices be calculated in the shader or on the CPU?

At minimum I would have a camera with rotation and world position; projections parameters such as angle of view and perspective vs. orthographic; and meshes with scale, angle, and world position. ...
5
votes
2answers
804 views

Geometry shader for multiple primitives

How can I create a geometry shader that can handle multiple primitives? For example when creating a geometry shader for triangles, I define a layout like so: layout(triangles) in; ...
5
votes
1answer
740 views

GLSL shader without a vertex array

Ok so I have a idea for a neat GPU driven curve renderer, and I realised that the vertex shader can be hardwired to generate points of the curve segment (to be rendered as a line strip) without ...
5
votes
3answers
778 views

XNA shader compiler error in release mode

I'm having a hard time figuring out if I'm doing something wrong, or if there is a bug with Visual Studio. I want to pass a float into my pixel shader, clamp it to a value, and then return it as part ...
5
votes
1answer
401 views

Multipass shaders and switching between passes

As mentioned here Effects should be avoided in DX11. If I understand correctly, that includes techniques and passes defined in *.FX files. So when doing a multipass shader (like the always-mentioned ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

ConsumeStructuredBuffer, what am I doing wrong?

I'm trying to implement the 3rd exercise in chapter 12 of Introduction to 3D Game Programming with DirectX 11, that is: Implement a Compute Shader to calculate the length of 64 vectors. Previous ...
5
votes
1answer
467 views

Dealing with alpha for 2D per pixel lighting

Right now I've got a simple light shader. Every bitmap I draw goes through it to make up the scene. I only draw quads. texture tex; sampler2D s = sampler_state { texture = <tex>; ...
5
votes
3answers
747 views

Can anyone recommend a 3D model viewer with shading?

I am looking for a simple real-time OpenGL based render engine to show a 3D model on screen. I prefer using 3DS Max's 'shader' materials (real-time materials) for editing. Do you know any good ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

OpenGL equivalent of .fx files in GLSL or Cg?

There's a lot of learning material in the DirectX world that uses .fx files to manage shaders, and .fx seems to be well integrated with 3D packages such as Maya and 3D Studio Max What do larger ...
5
votes
3answers
448 views

How do I send multiple matrices to a vertex shader?

I'm practising animations using bones/skinning. I am trying to send the shader one matrix per vertex. I can think of these two approaches. Method 1 I have one uniform handle for each bone matrix ...
5
votes
2answers
301 views

How can I optimize a parallax effect consisting of multiple transparent layers?

I have a parallax effect in MonoGame consisting of multiple semi-transparent layers of textures. The effect is simple, but rendering multiple transparent layers on top of each other is rather slow. ...
5
votes
1answer
389 views

Performance of pixel shaders vs. SpriteBatch: XNA

Precondition: I read this question/answer about using shaders, or spritebatch, to render and mark a sprite. I need to do something like that. I also have a 2D lighting PoC which I need to write. The ...
5
votes
2answers
760 views

Detect Mip mapping level in the shader?

Is there a way to do this in pixel shader 2.0/3.0? I've got on or off transparency so when the mipmapping level is different the transparency can take up too much of the texture and make it ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Multiple render targets and gamma correctness in Direct3D9

Let's say in a deferred renderer when building your G-Buffer you're going to render texture color, normals, depth and whatever else to your multiple render targets at once. Now if you want to have a ...
5
votes
1answer
301 views

How can I test shaders for nVidia on an ATi system?

I and our other devs have ATi graphics cards. However we have encountered that some shaders that compile without warnings on ATi don't compile at all on nVidia. The problems are trivial to fix, but ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Does Unity's “Transparent Bumped Specular” translate to “semi-shiny must be semi-transparent”?

Unity's documentation for the "Transparent Bumped Specular" shader/material-type is simply a concatenation of each of the descriptions for its Transparent and Specular Shaders (and also Bumped, but ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How do I pass vertex and color positions to OpenGL shaders?

I've been trying to get this to work for the past two days, telling myself I wouldn't ask for help. I think you can see where that got me... I thought I'd try my hand at a little OpenGL, because ...
4
votes
2answers
758 views

Optimising the modelview transformation in GLSL for 2D

So, the standard way to transform vertices and then pass to the fragment shader in GLSL is something like this: uniform mat4 u_modelview; attribute vec4 a_position; void main() { gl_Position = ...
4
votes
2answers
658 views

What does the term 'photorealistic' really mean?

I was wondering about the term 'photorealistic' in regards to rendering and was wondering how this is used. Is it used to describe a shader (or set of) that have certain quantifiable features? Or any ...
4
votes
2answers
465 views

What Shading/Rendering techniques are being used in this image?

My previous question wasn't clear enough. From a rendering point of view what kind of techniques are used in this image as I would like to apply a similar style (I'm using OpenGL if that matters): ...
4
votes
2answers
526 views

Programatically replace color gradient on sprite

Say I have the following image: I want to tint the yellow parts on this sprites shoulder/arms by a random color. In other questions on this site, they suggest using a chroma key and replacing the ...
4
votes
1answer
717 views

Shader effect similar to Metro 2033 gasmask

I was thinking about effects in games the other day and I was reminded of the Gasmask effect from Metro 2033. Once you put the gasmask on it blurred a bit in the corners and could ice up and even get ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Loading and using an HLSL shader?

I've been looking everywhere and all I can find are tutorials on writing the shaders. None of them showed me how to incorporate them into my scene. So essentially: Given an hlsl shader, if I were to ...
4
votes
2answers
201 views

Shadowmap first phase and shaders

I am using OpenGL 3.3 and am tryin to implement shadow mapping using cube maps. I have a framebuffer with a depth attachment and a cube map texture. My question is how to design the shaders for the ...
4
votes
1answer
821 views

Bitwise operators in DX9 ps_2_0 shader

I've got the following code in a shader: // v & y are both uints nPixel = v; nPixel << 8; nPixel |= y; and this gives me the following error in compilation: shader.fx(80,10): error ...