# Tagged Questions

The process of generating an image or series of images from a model by means of computer programming.

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### Rendering a mesh in image viewport

I have a mesh made of nearly half to a one million vertices. I also have some 6-DoF camera poses around this mesh. At these poses I'd like to find out which of the 3D points of this mesh get projected ...
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### Why are my sprite outlines partially rendering in the wrong place?

I've been trying to draw an outline around a sprite using the code from this answer. Details My sprite is called Ship2Sprite. This is how I create the rectangle: rectangle = New Rectangle(...
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### GGX energy conservation

I´m trying to implement a microfacet BDRF with GGX density function in my renderer. I have read almost all the papers out there in the last week, and I have a bunch of equations that should work fine, ...
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### Impact of object's statistics on the rendering

Consider two 3D objects with n points and n triangles. One of the objects has a smooth surface such as a ball or a box, and the other object is like a fuzzy onion-layered object with large ...
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### What problem does double or triple buffering solve in modern games?

I want to check if my understanding of the causes for using double (or triple) buffering is correct: A monitor with 60Hz refresh's the monitor-display 60 times per second. If the monitor refresh the ...
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### Fast determination of whether objects are onscreen in 2D

So currently, I have this in each object's renderer's update method: float a = transform.position.x * Main.scale; float b = transform.position.y * Main.scale; float c = Camera....
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### TileEntitySpecialRenderer only renders from certain angle

I'm developing a Minecraft mod with Forge. I've added a tileentity and a custom renderer for it. The problem is: The block is only visible from sertain angles. I've compaed my code to other peoples ...
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### OpenGL - white edges on cubes

In a minecraft-like game I'm making, I get white edges on my cubes: It is much more noticeable in darker textures. The textures are being setup like this: glTexParameteri(GL_TEXTURE_2D, ...
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### How do I switch between the game screen and score screen without redrawing everything?

I'm working on a multiplayer game in Libgdx and want to display the scores of say, the top 10 players on the map. The player should be able to checking the scores at any point during the game and ...
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### Input handling between game loops

This may be obvious and trivial for you but as I am a newbie in programming I come with a specific question. I have three loops in my game engine which are input-loop, update-loop and render-loop. ...
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### LibGDX ShapeRenderer rotated

I'm having a weird problem with the LibGDX ShapeRenderer where it draws everything rotated. Here are some images to show you what i mean: This is what it looks like in Tiled(Map Editor): This is ...
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### Rendering order for units behind objects?

Im developing a 2D game with some fake 3D effects (parallell projection). 2D-units are able to walk in front of buildings aswell as behind them, although themselves being just 2d-objects. This leads ...
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### Setting up a camera to make the world look large

I am attempting to configure my camera to give the impression of a normal sized player in a giant room. Since units are arbitrary, I figured this should be possible (despite the fact that the room is ...
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### terrain not properly rendering

I'm extending the terrain quad with resources from various tutorials and have the following code: public class WorldTerrain extends TerrainQuad { public static final String NAME = "terrain"; ...
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### OpenGL strange rendering problem when buffers have different sizes

I have encountered a very odd error in my program, "odd" in the sense that everything the API says suggests that the error should not occur. I have a bunch of 2D un-indexed vertex data, and I want to ...
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### Render with multiple lights (one pass per light)

I have already a system that at the moment handle multiple lights just passing an array of light struct and loop through it. I had been told to switch to a multipass rendering approach. How should I ...
2k views

### What is the difference between “offline” and “real time” rendering?

I have a rough idea: real-time is approximated with little or no global illumination. But how would you otherwise explain why offline rending takes so much longer? You hear things like "number of ...
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### DX 11 Specular Highlights in Deferred Renderer

I am currently implementing a deferred renderer in DX11.1. Right now I am having a problem that I can't seem to crack with specular highlights when I have multiple light sources. I keep a vector of ...
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### cost of texture change vs color change

How would I go about determining the difference in cost between changing the render color of an object every frame vice changing the texture (same sheet, just changing the source rectangle) every ...
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### When and how to apply affine translations to vertices of a mesh with LWJGL

So, I have a rigid body class, containing a list of vertices and a 4x4 transformation matrix. At the moment, I'm applying the transformation matrix to each vertex individually, and am unable to revert ...
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### SDL render to a texture

I am trying to create a button for my game there are lots of similar buttons so using an image for each one is a bit inefficient. So I want to load an image then copy some text over it and render that ...
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### Update and render in separate threads

I'm creating a simple 2D game engine and I want to update and render the sprites in different threads, to learn how it is done. I need to synchronise the update thread and the render one. Currently,...
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### OpenGL - using gluSphere

I have an OpenGL code that currently draws several spheres at different locations. I generate the vertex buffer data (and normal data) myself. However, to simplify the code and increase efficiency, I ...
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Now my Image isn't loading to the screen. I tried to be decorative with the code but since it isn't working I made it just like the video I'm whatching. I don't get any exceptions, but the image doesn'...
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### Using Graphics from my Frame's paint() gives cutting effect every call to repaint()

Every frame the run() method of my thread calls the repaint() of the frame subclass, in this frame subclass I override the paint(Graphics) and since I want to have different screens from my game I ...
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### Microfacet model - BRDF obtain extreme values at grazing angles

I've been trying to replicate the result of this paper (linked directly to PDF paper, but you don't need to read it to give an answer) and encountered a problem with the BRDF according to the ...
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### How to determine the visibility of a single vertex, given a viewpoint?

I have a 3D triangle mesh, and I want to know, given a viewpoint (defined by a model, view and projection matrix), if a certain vertex is visible or not. My approach was to render the mesh using ...
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### Should I avoid rescaling models when rendering?

I am quite new to game development and currently developing a simple 3D game with MonoGame and Blender. The game is basically a 3D version of Pong. At first I developed the models at a constant size (...
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### How to render rounded shape perfectly?

I'm having issues rendering rounded shape figures. I have a Texture with different images in it and I get this whale figure from it with TextureRegion but the stroke of it looks pixelated. The ...
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### Drawing and scrolling very large zoomed tilemaps

I've been working on my game editor and doing some performance tests. In the meantime I realized that my editors performance goes significant down if I draw a large map and zoom it. 100% zoom = 112 ...
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### Failing Screen Resize Method

So I want my game to draw to a specific "optimal" size and then be stretched to fit screens that are a different size. I'm using LibGDX and figured that I could just draw everything to a FrameBuffer ...
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### Rendering only a part of the screen in high detail

If graphics are rendered for a large viewing angle (e.g. a very large TV or a VR headset), the viewer can't actually focus on the entire image, just a part of it. (Actually, this is the case for ...
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### Render on other render targets starting from one already rendered on

I have to perform a double pass convolution on a texture that is actually the color attachment of another render target, and store it in the color attachment of ANOTHER render target. This must be ...
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### Turning on collision crashes game

I am getting a null pointer excecption to both my sprite and level. I am working on my mob class, and when I try to move him and the move function is called, the game crashes after checking collision ...
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### How to mimic the same fixed-size horizon as in this racing game?

I am trying to replicate the same horizon (buildings and sky) as in the image below: As you can see, the player has advanced in a straight line, yet the horizon has still the same size: This is ...
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### spinning a 2d Cube

I know that a cube is actually a 3d shape , but i have some other problem over here. I have been doing 2D Game dev using libgdx but have never touched 3D rendering. Now what I want in my 2D game is ...
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### How should I handle a modelview stack with multiple shader programs involved?

I'm building a framework where each object has an associated program and each object has a 'draw' method. What is the best choice, to have a single modelview stack handled by a Renderer class or to ...
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### Transparency in XNA-4 primitives

I'm using XNA 4 with Visual Studio 2010. I'm trying to create a simple 3D world with walls and doors in which the user to free to roam around. A wall is just a rectangle which is currently being ...
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### Implementing Camera Zoom in a 2D Engine

I'm currently trying to implement camera scaling/zoom in my 2D Engine. Normally I calculate the Sprite's drawing size and position similar to this pseudo code: render() { var x = sprite.x; ...
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### How can I reduce draw calls when using glBufferSubData and DYNAMIC_DRAW?

At first I had the problem where I had about 150 rectangles rendered every tick. I only used STATIC_DRAW and glBufferData. I added support for DYNAMIC_DRAW and glBufferSubData and now I have a very ...
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### Java single Array best choice for accessing pixels for manipulation?

I am just watching this tutorial https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HwUnMy_pR6A and the guy (who seems to be pretty competent) is using a single array to store and access the pixels of his to-be-rendered ...
3k views

### Seamless tilemap rendering (borderless adjacent images)

I have a 2D game engine that draws tilemaps by drawing tiles from a tileset image. Because by default OpenGL can only wrap the entire texture (GL_REPEAT), and not just part of it, each tile is split ...
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### Create multiple viewports in minecraft?

Im new to minecraft modding, but Im curious about the possibility of creating a mod such that players could set up a 'security camera' with its own viewport so that the player could 'see what the ...
293 views

### When should I use instancing versus a constant buffer?

I've heard something about instancing and understood it's useful for drawing the same object many times with slight changes. It's faster because you call the draw function once per frame and update ...
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### Which buffering process would be more efficient?

I'm working on the base engine of my game right now, specifically converting a text file into a level on-screen. As a 2D platformer, each level has an array of rectangles that can be drawn to the ...
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### How can I transform one triangle into another triangle with HTML5 Canvas? [duplicate]

Given a triangle I'm searching for the canvas transformation to transform it into an other Triangle with the corner coordinates (A,B,C) Input triangle: Red Triangle: A'=(0,0) B'=(80,80) C'=(0,80) ...
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### Specular map: What about the specular reflection's highlight' size?

I think I know what a specular map is and what it's used for (here is an example). http://www.rastertek.com/dx10tut21.html One of the models of specularity that are highly popular is Phong. In Phong ...