The process of generating an image or series of images from a model by means of computer programming.

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3
votes
2answers
748 views

Render with multiple lights (one pass per light)

I have already a system that at the moment handle multiple lights just passing an array of light struct and loop through it. I had been told to switch to a multipass rendering approach. How should I ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between “offline” and “real time” rendering?

I have a rough idea: real-time is approximated with little or no global illumination. But how would you otherwise explain why offline rending takes so much longer? You hear things like "number of ...
2
votes
0answers
149 views

DX 11 Specular Highlights in Deferred Renderer

I am currently implementing a deferred renderer in DX11.1. Right now I am having a problem that I can't seem to crack with specular highlights when I have multiple light sources. I keep a vector of ...
4
votes
1answer
270 views

cost of texture change vs color change

How would I go about determining the difference in cost between changing the render color of an object every frame vice changing the texture (same sheet, just changing the source rectangle) every ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

When and how to apply affine translations to vertices of a mesh with LWJGL

So, I have a rigid body class, containing a list of vertices and a 4x4 transformation matrix. At the moment, I'm applying the transformation matrix to each vertex individually, and am unable to revert ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

SDL render to a texture

I am trying to create a button for my game there are lots of similar buttons so using an image for each one is a bit inefficient. So I want to load an image then copy some text over it and render that ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Update and render in separate threads

I'm creating a simple 2D game engine and I want to update and render the sprites in different threads, to learn how it is done. I need to synchronise the update thread and the render one. ...
0
votes
0answers
386 views

OpenGL - using gluSphere

I have an OpenGL code that currently draws several spheres at different locations. I generate the vertex buffer data (and normal data) myself. However, to simplify the code and increase efficiency, I ...
0
votes
2answers
899 views

LibGDX Images not loading

Now my Image isn't loading to the screen. I tried to be decorative with the code but since it isn't working I made it just like the video I'm whatching. I don't get any exceptions, but the image ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Using Graphics from my Frame's paint() gives cutting effect every call to repaint()

Every frame the run() method of my thread calls the repaint() of the frame subclass, in this frame subclass I override the paint(Graphics) and since I want to have different screens from my game I ...
3
votes
1answer
424 views

Microfacet model - BRDF obtain extreme values at grazing angles

I've been trying to replicate the result of this paper (linked directly to PDF paper, but you don't need to read it to give an answer) and encountered a problem with the BRDF according to the ...
1
vote
2answers
565 views

How to determine the visibility of a single vertex, given a viewpoint?

I have a 3D triangle mesh, and I want to know, given a viewpoint (defined by a model, view and projection matrix), if a certain vertex is visible or not. My approach was to render the mesh using ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Should I avoid rescaling models when rendering?

I am quite new to game development and currently developing a simple 3D game with MonoGame and Blender. The game is basically a 3D version of Pong. At first I developed the models at a constant size ...
1
vote
2answers
281 views

How to render rounded shape perfectly?

I'm having issues rendering rounded shape figures. I have a Texture with different images in it and I get this whale figure from it with TextureRegion but the stroke of it looks pixelated. The ...
2
votes
1answer
751 views

Drawing and scrolling very large zoomed tilemaps

I've been working on my game editor and doing some performance tests. In the meantime I realized that my editors performance goes significant down if I draw a large map and zoom it. 100% zoom = 112 ...
2
votes
1answer
472 views

Failing Screen Resize Method

So I want my game to draw to a specific "optimal" size and then be stretched to fit screens that are a different size. I'm using LibGDX and figured that I could just draw everything to a FrameBuffer ...
11
votes
1answer
422 views

Rendering only a part of the screen in high detail

If graphics are rendered for a large viewing angle (e.g. a very large TV or a VR headset), the viewer can't actually focus on the entire image, just a part of it. (Actually, this is the case for ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Render on other render targets starting from one already rendered on

I have to perform a double pass convolution on a texture that is actually the color attachment of another render target, and store it in the color attachment of ANOTHER render target. This must be ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Turning on collision crashes game

I am getting a null pointer excecption to both my sprite and level. I am working on my mob class, and when I try to move him and the move function is called, the game crashes after checking collision ...
2
votes
2answers
155 views

How to mimic the same fixed-size horizon as in this racing game?

I am trying to replicate the same horizon (buildings and sky) as in the image below: As you can see, the player has advanced in a straight line, yet the horizon has still the same size: This is ...
0
votes
1answer
297 views

spinning a 2d Cube

I know that a cube is actually a 3d shape , but i have some other problem over here. I have been doing 2D Game dev using libgdx but have never touched 3D rendering. Now what I want in my 2D game is ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

How should I handle a modelview stack with multiple shader programs involved?

I'm building a framework where each object has an associated program and each object has a 'draw' method. What is the best choice, to have a single modelview stack handled by a Renderer class or to ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Transparency in XNA-4 primitives

I'm using XNA 4 with Visual Studio 2010. I'm trying to create a simple 3D world with walls and doors in which the user to free to roam around. A wall is just a rectangle which is currently being ...
0
votes
1answer
549 views

Implementing Camera Zoom in a 2D Engine

I'm currently trying to implement camera scaling/zoom in my 2D Engine. Normally I calculate the Sprite's drawing size and position similar to this pseudo code: render() { var x = sprite.x; ...
1
vote
0answers
480 views

How can I reduce draw calls when using glBufferSubData and DYNAMIC_DRAW?

At first I had the problem where I had about 150 rectangles rendered every tick. I only used STATIC_DRAW and glBufferData. I added support for DYNAMIC_DRAW and glBufferSubData and now I have a very ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Java single Array best choice for accessing pixels for manipulation?

I am just watching this tutorial https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HwUnMy_pR6A and the guy (who seems to be pretty competent) is using a single array to store and access the pixels of his to-be-rendered ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Seamless tilemap rendering (borderless adjacent images)

I have a 2D game engine that draws tilemaps by drawing tiles from a tileset image. Because by default OpenGL can only wrap the entire texture (GL_REPEAT), and not just part of it, each tile is split ...
1
vote
0answers
177 views

Create multiple viewports in minecraft?

Im new to minecraft modding, but Im curious about the possibility of creating a mod such that players could set up a 'security camera' with its own viewport so that the player could 'see what the ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

When should I use instancing versus a constant buffer?

I've heard something about instancing and understood it's useful for drawing the same object many times with slight changes. It's faster because you call the draw function once per frame and update ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Which buffering process would be more efficient?

I'm working on the base engine of my game right now, specifically converting a text file into a level on-screen. As a 2D platformer, each level has an array of rectangles that can be drawn to the ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

How can I transform one triangle into another triangle with HTML5 Canvas? [duplicate]

Given a triangle I'm searching for the canvas transformation to transform it into an other Triangle with the corner coordinates (A,B,C) Input triangle: Red Triangle: A'=(0,0) B'=(80,80) C'=(0,80) ...
2
votes
1answer
604 views

Specular map: What about the specular reflection's highlight' size?

I think I know what a specular map is and what it's used for (here is an example). http://www.rastertek.com/dx10tut21.html One of the models of specularity that are highly popular is Phong. In Phong ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Rendering models in isometric view

How to setup the rendering and camera for isometric gameworld projection? And specifically how do i get the images exactly the right size? What angles to use to get the exact 2/1 isomtric view? ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How many active shaders at one frame in the game (should I typically use)? 5? Or more like 100?

I have a question: how many shaders are usually active at the same time in one scene in modern games? I mean: I know that multiple shaders are being used (switching between them in each frame). And ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I create a “cracked glass” material?

I'm trying to figure out how the cracked and chipped glass effect in a Bioshock Infinite Burial at Sea Episode 2 works. My current guess is that it is essentially a transparent shader with gloss. It ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

Render error in xna DrawPrimitive for Assimp Mesh

I am trying to render the vertices of a scene with a cube I exported as an OBJ from Blender. The 8 vertices become 24 when imported into XNA but when I render it I dont see all faces. This is not an ...
1
vote
1answer
418 views

What should I do when a VBO becomes too large in OpenGL?

Currently I have one buffer for my vertex data and one buffer for normals data. I fill them and then pass them to OpenGL for rendering. The problem is when I load too large mesh file like "Lucy" from ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Rendering an Assimp Scene object in XNA without DirectX or OpenGL

Is there any site that explains how to render an imported Assimp Scene object in XNA/MonoGame using only the Frameworks available in those libraries? I realize that would be at the Vertex/Matrix level ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

XNA 4.0 - Strange Behavior when using RenderTarget2D

My Problem is similar to XNA 4.0 - Why does using a RenderTarget2d cause transparency on models?. I want to render my scene to a Texture2D and then draw the texture. If I set no RenderTarget at all ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How do I set which side of a mesh is visible?

I know little about 3D game development, but I'm trying to understand how to set what side of a mesh has the visible face. I am using Wild Magic 5 and my object looks like this: VertexFormat* ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I check why is no output on screen?

I'm using OpenGL 3.3+, and I'm trying to create an orthographic projection to draw on screen. I have the model data in a buffer: X Y 0, 0 50, 100 100, 0 And I create my Model-View-Projection ...
1
vote
1answer
500 views

Unity Vectrosity line drawing duplicates

I'm using vectrosity in my project and I'm having a problem when loading a level for the second time in a single session. When I load the level the first time, no render problem as seen HERE But ...
4
votes
2answers
331 views

OpenGL - Index buffers problem

I have a custom file format that has all the needed information for a 3D mesh (exported from 3ds Max). I've extracted the data for vertices, vertex indices and normals. I pass to OpenGL the vertex ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Text not being rendered until I recreate the text class in SDL

I made a Text class, it is as shown below: Text::Text(const int score, const float &x, const float &y, const float &w, const float &h, SDL_Renderer *rend) { font = ...
0
votes
1answer
179 views

Game Taking too long during render cycles [closed]

Firstly, I'm not asking anyone to read my code. It is only posted as a reference just in case you want to. I am asking for general tips on how to get my game running at higher FPS on android, for ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Why haven't graphics cards been designed for voxel rendering?

I stumbled across the following article on Wikipedia regarding voxels that says: One such problem cited by Carmack is the lack of graphics cards designed specifically for such rendering requiring ...
6
votes
0answers
205 views

SVG—rendering performance

I have created a jump'n'run browser-game based on SVG. The »World« grew large (~80px * ~20000px, before scaled to viewport height) and rendering went slow. In consequence I included a range searching ...
32
votes
7answers
8k views

Why do games ask for screen resolution instead of automatically fitting the window size?

It seems to me that it would be more logical, reusable and user-friendly to implement flexible, responsive UI layout over a 3d or 2d screen, which can then be run on any screen resolution. Some ...
0
votes
1answer
203 views

How can I render cloud patterns like in these examples?

I have a quick question. I see in many games, usually in the menu, some moving "clouds" in the background, apparently additive blended into each other, which does a really nice job immersing the ...
0
votes
1answer
843 views

Two issues with testing LibGDX on Android

1) When I test my game on desktop it is 100% fine. When I test it on my Nexus 7 physical device, it is the same except the backgrounds have no color. For example my splash screen has a greenish ...