# Tagged Questions

Mathematical constructions, number systems. In 3D-graphics quaternions are used alongside vectors and matrices. One of the benefits of quaternions is that they overcome some rotational problems (known as gimbal locks) that are inherent to vectors and matrices.

6answers
8k views

### How can you visualize a quaternion?

When I visualise a three dimensional rotation matrix, or scaling matrix I visualize it as three axes. Is there a similar way that I can visualize a rotation quaternion?
1answer
11k views

### Orienting a model to face a target

I have two objects (target and player), both have Position (Vector3) and Rotation (Quaternion). I want the target to rotate and be facing right at the player. The target, when it shoots something ...
0answers
862 views

### How can I compute a Jacobian matrix with dual quaternions? [closed]

I'm trying to understand an inverse kinematics algorithm realized with dual quaternions as presented here. My Jacobian matrix, however, seems to be calculated wrong. Could somebody explain, step-by-...
6answers
8k views

### Math topics for 3D graphics programming [closed]

I understand that the following math topics are required for 3D graphics programming. I have started doing some of them in my math course. Can someone point me in the direction of a resource that ...
3answers
8k views

### How do I implement a quaternion based camera?

UPDATE The error here was a pretty simple one. I have missed a radian to degrees conversion. No need to read the whole thing if you have some other problem. I looked at several tutorials about this ...
2answers
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### How can I rotate about an arbitrary point in 3D (instead of the origin)?

I have some models that I want to rotate using quaternions in the normal manner, except instead of rotation about the origin, I want it to be offset slightly. I know that you don't say, in 3d space, ...
2answers
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### Why do people use quaternions?

I have been using them as a black box for a while, I'm just learning about of the maths but I'd just like some definitive answers to this question. So far the only benefit I've come across personally ...
2answers
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### Arbitrary Rotation about a Sphere

I'm coding a mechanic which allows a user to move around the surface of a sphere. The position on the sphere is currently stored as theta and phi, where theta is the angle between the z-axis and the ...
1answer
4k views

### Quaternions and rotation around world axis

Disclaimer: I am a professional games programmer, and use quaternions most days but they are close to black magic to me. I am relatively at home with math but imaginary numbers always confused me. I ...
1answer
1k views

### Moving an Object along a Curve while Rotating it

I woud like to move an object along a curve. At particular points on the curve, I wish the object to change speed and rotate itself along its axis. Imagine an airplane flying to a destination. It has ...
4answers
4k views

### How to keep my Quaternion-using FPS camera from tilting and messing up?

I am using an FPS-like camera, and it uses quaternions. But, whenever I try looking up and then sideways, it tilts, and sometimes it can turn upside down. How can I fix this?
5answers
9k views

### Rotating vector3 by a quaternion

I am attempting to rotate a vector3 by a given quaternion. I know that this is true v' = q * v * (q^-1) I know that q^(-1) is the inverse which just -q/magnitude(q), but how do I map the ...
3answers
495 views

### Slerping rotation mirrors

I rotate my game character to watch at the target using the following code: transform.rotation = Quaternion.Slerp(startQuaternion, lookQuaternion, turningNormalizer*turningSpeed/10f) ...
3answers
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### Routes on a sphere surface - Find geodesic?

I'm working with some friends on a browser based game where people can move on a 2D map. It's been almost 7 years and still people play this game so we are thinking of a way to give them something new....
2answers
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### Calculating a quaternion so a bone points in a specified direction

In an attempt to solve this question, I decided to figure out the absolute (world space) directions of each joint in the source pose (as normalized unit vectors), and then rotate the joints of the ...
2answers
1k views

### Method for interpolation between 3+ quaternions?

I'm currently using spherical linear interpolation (slerp) to interpolate between two quaterions with a weighted value. But, I'm having a difficult time coming up with a method to interpolate between ...
1answer
548 views

### Walking on a sphere

I'm working on a game which involves walking your character on the surface of a sphere. Using the answer to Arbitrary Rotation about a Sphere, I've written my code as: if (game.isKeyDown(37)) { // ...
2answers
5k views

### How do I correctly use dual quaternions for rotation and translation of an object?

Up until now I've handled a given object's rotation and translation separately using normal quaternions for rotation and vectors for translation. However I'd like to use dual quaternions to handle ...
4answers
866 views

### Why not use vectors to represent orientation?

From what I've read, people mostly use either quaternions or 3x3 matrices to represent 3D orientations, while plain vectors are used for angular velocity/momentum. Since we can use vectors to ...
3answers
1k views

### Problem representing torque as a quaternion

Euler angles are much more intuitive to me than quaternions for representing 3-dimensional rotations. In fact, I barely understand quaternions at all. I use quaternions for rotation because people ...
2answers
739 views

### How do I extract a translation vector from a dual quaternion?

I'm trying to do some things with rigid body dynamics using dual quaternions (these are not the same thing as normal quaternions!) and I'm so close to getting things to work. The problem I'm having is ...
1answer
651 views

### Why game engines usually don't offer a vector3.rotate method? [closed]

Game engines like Three.js, Ogre3d and Unity3d often don't provide a default rotate method on their vector class. You usually have to do something like: rotated = vector.applyQuaternion( new ...
2answers
585 views

### Rotating voxels in 3d space amongst the x axis

I have a very simple voxel engine and so far it works based on coordinates, e.g. x, y, z. I was wondering if there is a formula for rotating groups of voxels/coordinates from the x axis(e.g. [0, 1, 0][...
1answer
544 views

### D3DXMatrixDecompose gives different quaternion than D3DXQuaternionRotationMatrix

In trying to solve this problem, I tracked down the problem to the conversion of the rotation matrix to quaternion. In particular, consider the following matrix: -0.02099178 0.9997436 -0.008475631 0 ...
1answer
170 views

### Unity's Quaternion.Lerp slows down when target is directly behind turret

Software: Unity v5.2.1f1 Personal I am trying to achieve the effect of a turret in Unity. For this I have a turret consisting of 3 parts as well as a target. The problem is that whenever the target ...
2answers
898 views

### Unity - Quaternion - Rotate / Unrotate Error

I'm trying to un-rotate a quaternion, aligning it with the axis, and then rotate it back to where it was originally. But with every iteration it seems to lose precision and just after 20 iterations ...
2answers
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### Matrix interpolation for animation blending

I use the XNA Animation Component library to perform blending between animations. It uses spherical linear interpolation between matrices. In most cases this works without problems. However, I have ...
2answers
1k views

### How to derive euler angles from matrix or quaternion?

Currently working on steering behavior for my AI and just hit a little mathematical bump. I'm in the process of writing an align function, which basically tries to match the agent's orientation with ...
1answer
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### Does converting quaternion to matrix cause a lot of overhead?

This is related to rendering creating a model, view, projection matrix for opengl. While matrix are fairly standard there's a lot of talk about using quaternions for rotations but why would u go from ...
1answer
382 views

### Why do these quaterion multiplications produce different results?

I am trying to use quaterions to modify the camera direction vector. This code works perfectly: glm::quat temp1 = glm::normalize( glm::quat((GLfloat)( -Input1.MouseMove.x * mouse_sens * time_step), ...
1answer
827 views

### Rotating and Translating a Node in Horde3D with Matrices and Quaternions

I have been trying to learn how to use the Horde3D rendering engine for the past couple of days, and so far I have managed to learn a decent amount and integrate Bullet Physics with it as well. My ...
1answer
2k views

### Quaternion Look At with Up vector

I have implemented a "look at" method for my screen elements and it almost works how I want it to work. The ScreenElement class uses a R3 Vector and a Quaternion to determine the position and ...
1answer
153 views

### Quaternion handedness issue

At least I think it is. I have the following functions: kmQuaternionRotationAxis - Constructs a Quaternion from an axis and angle kmMat4RotationQuaternion - Constructs a 4x4 matrix from a quaternion ...
1answer
1k views

### Arcball Problems with UDK

I'm trying to re-create an arcball example from a Nehe, where an object can be rotated in a more realistic way while floating in the air (in my game the object is attached to the player at a distance ...
2answers
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### Rotate model using quaternion

Currently I have this to rotate my 3D model that rotates on it's local axis independent from the world's axis: // Rotate model with Right Thumbstick modelRotation -= pController.ThumbSticks.Right.X * ...
1answer
621 views

### Rotations and angular velocity

I'm new to 3D-game programming and I'm having some trouble making objects rotate the way I want them to. I just read Glenn Fiedler's tutorials on game physics, awesome stuff by the way! (http://...
2answers
704 views

### Quaternion understanding

I have some understanding problem concerning quaternions. In order to have my world object rotate in the correct way, I need to invert their quaternion rotation while refreshing the object world ...
2answers
478 views

### Calculating transform of arrow model pointing at some point in 3D space

I'm working on a 3D flight game and I'd like to implement a simple "navigation arrow" pointing at the next waypoint in world which the player has to fly to. I have position of both airplane (=camera) ...
2answers
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### Why does transforming a Vector3 by a Quaternion result in reversed Z?

I'm trying to transform the vector (1, 0, 0) by an orientation unit quaternion, which in XNA should be: Vector3 v = Vector3.Transform(Vector3.Right, Orientation); But this results in the Z value ...
2answers
287 views

### What are “local” and “global” rotations?

Each node in jME3 has local and global rotations, which can be expressed in quaternions. What are they? Documentation has no clues, about in which state rotations are zero?
1answer
147 views

### What is the rationale behind this method of computing the w-component from MD5 mesh files?

In tutorials regarding the MD5Mesh format, like this one, we often see code like float t = 1.0f - (q.x * q.x) - (q.y * q.y) - (q.z * q.z); if (t < 0.0f) { q.w = 0.0f; } else { q.w = -sqrt (...
2answers
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### Rotation matrix derived from quaternion is opposite of expected direction

When I calculate a rotation matrix from a quaternion, it seems to be in the opposite direction. For instance: For a rotation of +45 degrees about the Y-axis, I would expect to get the following ...
2answers
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### Quaternion rotation

I have a problem understanding quaternions rotation in OpenGL. So far I have implemented all function and operators related to quaternions.They are definitely working right!. However I can't find ...
1answer
780 views

### Inertia Tensor and World Coordinate conversion

I understand that the inertia tensor is basically a 3x3 matrix. I'm modelling a cube, and the inertia tensor for this shape has values for moment of inertia on the main diagonal of the matrix. All the ...
2answers
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### Using quaternions, how do I determine if an object is upside down from an original rotation?

Imagine this scenario: An object is laying flat on a horizontal surface, from this an original rotation is determined. Then the object is moved, and at some point flipped upside down and put back down ...
1answer
341 views

### Smooth Camera Offsets

I am attempting to implement a sort of, smooth camera that has angle offsets from the player as they turn, creating a cinematic effect as well as visual feedback for when the player turns. Here is an ...
1answer
2k views

### glm direction vector rotation

I'm working on a flight simulator, but I'm stuck with my airplane orientation. I tried some things but noone worked correctly. This is what I have : To be able to move it and roll it around himself, ...
1answer
248 views

### How to map absolute Joystick position to object rotation?

In my (Ogre) 3d scene I have an object that should be rotated locally based on Joystick input. I have a Joystick with min/max values of [-32767, 32767] on both X and Y axes. When the Joystick is in ...
1answer
2k views

### Convert rotation from Right handed System to left handed

I have Euler angles from a right handed system that I am trying to convert to a left handed system. All the information that I have read online says that to convert it simply multiply the axis and ...
2answers
1k views

### Rotating a child shape relative to its parent's orientation

When rotating a shape using a quaternion value I also wish rotate its child shape. The parent and child shapes both start with different orientations but their relative orientations should always be ...