OpenGL is a graphics standard and API which targets the desktop and workstation markets. It is designed to be easy to accelerate with dedicated computer hardware, and hence most implementations give greatly improved performance over traditional software rendering. Currently, OpenGL is used for ...

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61
votes
7answers
29k views

Good resources for learning modern OpenGL (3.0 or later)? [closed]

I stumble upon the search of a good resource to start with OpenGL (3.0 or later) . Well, I found a lot of books but none of them can be considered a good resource! Here two examples: OpenGL ...
82
votes
15answers
39k views

What are some good learning resources for OpenGL? [closed]

I have been using the OpenGL ES on the iPhone for a while now and basically I feel pretty lost outside to the small set of commands I've seen in examples and adopted as my own. I would love to use ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

How do you determine which object/surface the user's pointing at with lwjgl?

Title pretty much says it all. I'm working on a simple 'lets get used to lwjgl' project involving manipulation of a rubik's cube, and I can't figure out how to tell which side/square the user's ...
29
votes
5answers
22k views

How to avoid texture bleeding in a texture atlas?

In my game there is a Minecraft-like terrain made out of cubes. I generate a vertex buffer from the voxel data and use a texture atlas for looks of different blocks: The problem is that the texture ...
31
votes
5answers
19k views

Should I use textures not sized to a power of 2?

In the early days of OpenGL and DirectX, texture sizes were required to be powers of two. This meant interpolation of float values could be done very quickly, using shifting and such. Since OpenGL 2....
16
votes
2answers
16k views

How can I convert a mouse click to a ray?

I have a perspective projection. When the user clicks on the screen, I want to compute the ray between the near and far planes that projects from the mouse point, so I can do some ray intersection ...
11
votes
4answers
26k views

How can I orbit a camera about it's target point?

I'm drawing a scene where the camera freely moves about the universe. The camera class keeps track of the view (or look at) point, the position of the camera, and the up vector. These vectors/points ...
35
votes
5answers
15k views

How can I achieve a good fire effect with alpha blending and particles?

Using the following setting for the OpenGL particle effect: SRC: GL_SRC_ALPHA DST: GL_ONE Creates an additive blend, which looks spectacular on a black background but terrible on brighter colours, ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

How do I implement occluded lighting in a block-based 2D game?

I want to have 2D lighting that can be blocked by in-game objects. My game has a top-down view and all game objects are described by rectangles. Let's say I have a 10x10 world and I place a light at ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

Optimized rendering of a cube mesh world

I want to render a cube-mesh (a.k.a. Minecraft-style) world. If I render each existing cube it will eat up FPS pretty quickly. How can I optimize it? I understand that the point is to not render ...
58
votes
9answers
69k views

Good GUI for OpenGL [closed]

I am starting to learn OpenGL with FreeGLUT using the Superbible and the knowledge i have from my elementary graphics to brush up on my skills. To get more from this experience i want to integrate a ...
26
votes
2answers
22k views

A good way to build a game loop in OpenGL

I'm currently beginning to learn OpenGL at school, and I've started making a simple game the other day (on my own, not for school). I'm using freeglut, and am building it in C, so for my game loop I ...
13
votes
1answer
13k views

Making a HUD/GUI with OpenGL (LWJGL)

I'm at the stage in my game development where I need to make a HUD or GUI. I've never gotten to this part, so I don't know how its done. I tried rendering a simple quad at a fixed position on the ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Square game map rendered as sphere

For a hobby project of mine I have created a finite voxel world (similar to Minecraft), but as I said, mine is finite. When you reach the edge of it, you are sent to the other side. That is all ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the order-less rendering technique that allows partial transparency?

I've seen somewhere rendering technique that allows order-less rendering of partially transparent sprites/objects. Though I can't remember what the technique is called, so I'm having trouble Googling ...
4
votes
1answer
357 views

LWJGL Eclipse Resource Deployment

I'm still experimenting with some OpenGL in LWJGL, and as I get to know more and more about OpenGL, I start to do more complicated things like multi texturing, shadowmapping and more. Now, right now I'...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

How to draw only visible tiles?

I have a big map with isometric tiles(3d camera), how can i draw only visible tiles ? Whats the best way to do that ? space partitionning (octrees etc...)?
73
votes
9answers
34k views

Why do we move the world instead of the camera?

I heard that in an OpenGL game what we do to let the player move is not to move the camera but to move the whole world around. For example here is an extract of this tutorial: OpenGL View matrix ...
40
votes
10answers
15k views

Is learning OpenGL 2.1 useless today?

I'm new to 3D OpenGL/DirectX world and I found out that OpenGL 4.1 and GLSL specifications were just released today. A friend of mine gave me the Red Book for OGL v2.1 but, as far as I've read, 3.x ...
39
votes
1answer
5k views

How can I reduce aliasing in my outline glow effect?

I'm trying to replicate the glowing outline effect in the Left 4 Dead game. The effect causes an objects outline to glow, even when the object is occluded. Here is a screenshot of the effect: I'm ...
14
votes
2answers
4k views

What are the common rendering optimization techniques for the geometry pass in a deferred shading renderer? [closed]

I have been developing a game engine using OpenGL 3 and C++ (and glfw for window management). I have advanced so far, got most of the things done except sound entities and optimizations. The engine ...
24
votes
2answers
10k views

How many threads should an Android game use?

At minimum, an OpenGL Android game has a UI thread and a Renderer thread created by GLSurfaceView. Renderer.onDrawFrame() should be doing a minimum of work to get the higest FPS. The physics, AI, ...
15
votes
5answers
10k views

Starting out with OpenGL when most tutorials are out of date [closed]

I'm sure there are already a bunch of questions like this asked, but the constant updating of the OpenGL library throws them all away, and in a month or two, the answers here will be worthless again. ...
30
votes
9answers
4k views

Should I continue studying OpenGL or just switch to DirectX to give me a better chance of landing a job in the game industry? [closed]

I've been learning graphics programming for some time now using OpenGL and Linux. I'm pretty familiar with most of the concepts, but I would really like to further my knowledge and eventually pursue a ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Lighting in a Minecraftian World

Minecraft is a game that is largely based on a heightmap and uses that heigtmap information to flood the world with light. From my understanding the highest point in the heightmap is the end of the ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Normals vs Normal maps

I am using Assimp asset importer (http://assimp.sourceforge.net/lib_html/index.html) to parse 3d models. So far, I've simply pulled out the normal vectors which are defined for each vertex in my ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

What OpenGL version(s) to learn and/or use?

So, I'm new to OpenGL... I have general knowledge of game programming but little practical experience. I've been looking into various articles and books and trying to dive into OpenGL, but I've ...
11
votes
1answer
4k views

How does UVW texture mapping work?

I'm trying to understand the mathematical theory behind UVW mapping. Can anyone explain me how UVW mapping works? Or at least provide me a pointer?
6
votes
2answers
7k views

Toggle Fullscreen at Runtime

Using the library GLFW, I can create a fullscreen window using this line of code. glfwOpenWindow(Width, Height, 8, 8, 8, 8, 24, 0, GLFW_FULLSCREEN); The line for creating a standard window looks ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

2D Platformer Collision Handling

I am trying to create a 2D platformer (Mario-type) game and I am some having some issues with handling collisions properly. I am writing this game in C++, using SDL for input, image loading, font ...
18
votes
6answers
6k views

Separating game data/logic from rendering

I'm writing a game using C++ and OpenGL 2.1. I was thinking how could I separate the data/logic from rendering. At the moment I use a base class 'Renderable' that gives a pure virtual method to ...
20
votes
3answers
19k views

How do I implement anti-aliasing in OpenGL?

I want to do full-screen anti-aliasing in OpenGL, and dont want to use the anti-aliasing that is provided by OpenGL itself, since I am building a game and want good effects in it. How should I ...
17
votes
1answer
7k views

Which is the best LOD method for planet rendering?

I'm currently working on my thesis, it is an engine to render terrains of planetary size. I'm still finishing my research and I have encountered a lot of stuff about this subject, the problem is that ...
24
votes
3answers
10k views

For voxel rendering, what is more efficient: pre-made VBO or a geometry shader?

Given a fairly static voxel array, what is more efficient: using the CPU to pre-generate a VBO to render the voxel faces (ignoring more advanced forms of rendering like marching cubes for now) or ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Should I use Game Engines to learn to make 3D games? [closed]

HI i am a software engineering student in his second-last year. I am proficient with C,C++,C# and java programming languages, and being a student of engineering I have studied calculus, vectors etc ...
9
votes
4answers
758 views

How to load a spherical planet and its regions?

I'm designing a game partially composed of planets exploration. I want to use pseudo-random generation for them, regenerating from a defined seed when I have to load them rather than store every ...
9
votes
1answer
9k views

How do I generate a 3D race track from a spline?

I want to generate a 3-dimensional race track around a spline that describes its shape. Here's an illustrative video. The track should be an endless tunnel that sweeps along a 3D spline, with some ...
7
votes
1answer
10k views

Implementing a skybox with GLSL version 330

I am trying to get a skybox working with OpenGL 3.3 and GLSL version 330. I could not find a completely modern OGL skybox tutorial anywhere on the web, so I modernised an older one (using ...
15
votes
1answer
5k views

Game Engine Design – Ubershader - Shader management design

I want to implement a flexible Ubershader system (with deferred shading). My current idea is to create shaders out of modules, which deal with certain features (FlatTexture, BumpTexture, Displacement ...
23
votes
7answers
3k views

How to get PS3/Xbox 360 experience without having access to Dev kits?

I am a budding game programmer trying to get into the industry programming for PS3, Xbox 360. The main problem I see is the need to demonstrate my skills to a potential employer, but without access ...
29
votes
6answers
8k views

Why do we use 4x4 matrices to transform things in 3D?

To translate a vector by 10 unit in the X direction, why do we have to use a matrix? We can just add 10 to the mat[0][0], and we got the same result too.
15
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I unit test rendering output?

I've been embracing Test-Driven Development (TDD) recently and it's had wonderful impacts on my development output and the resiliency of my codebase. I would like to extend this approach to some of ...
9
votes
3answers
4k views

What state is stored in an OpenGL Vertex Array Object (VAO) and how do I use the VAO correctly?

I was wondering what state is stored in an OpenGL VAO. I've understood that a VAO contains state related to the vertex specifications of buffered vertices (what attributes are in the buffers, and what ...
27
votes
3answers
20k views

What is the difference between OpenGL ES and OpenGL?

Android uses OpenGL ES, what is the difference between it and OpenGL?
8
votes
1answer
2k views

what is world space and eye space in game development?

I'm reading a book about 3D stuff and OpenGL. The book often talks about world space and eye space. What exactly is the "world space?" Does the "eye space" mean the projection?
17
votes
2answers
4k views

Do I lose/gain performance for discarding pixels even if I don't use depth testing?

When I first searched for discard instruction, I've found experts saying using discard will result in performance drain. They said discarding pixels will break GPU's ability to use zBuffer properly ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

Deferred tiled shading, tile frusta calculation in OpenGL

I'm trying to do deferred tiled shading in OpenGL using the compute shader but I have hit a snag when trying to create the frustum for each tile. I'm using AMD's Forward+ demo (written in D3D) as a ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

GLSL, all in one or many shader programs?

I am doing some 3D demos using OpenGL and I noticed that GLSL is somewhat "limited" (or is it just me?). Anyway I have many different types of materials. Some materials have ambient and diffuse color, ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Engine Rendering pipeline : Making shaders generic

I am trying to make a 2D game engine using OpenGL ES 2.0 (iOS for now). I've written Application layer in Objective C and a separate self contained RendererGLES20 in C++. No GL specific call is made ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I implement camera axis aligned billboards?

I am trying to make an axis-aligned billboard with Pyglet. I have looked at several tutorials, but they only show me how to get the up, right, and look vectors. So far this is what I have: target = ...