# Tagged Questions

A 2D array of numbers, symbols or expressions, arranged in rows and columns. Each row must have the same number of columns. The numbers, symbols or expressions themselves are called elements or entries.

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### Translating local to global coordinates in ARToolkit / OpenGL

Ok, so I've tried reading over the other questions and something's just not clicking for me. I am working on an augmented reality application using ARToolkit, however it should just be straight ...
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### Transformation order when dealing with Meshes

I have created a player model out of primitive types. To do this I have created a Model class and Component (mesh) class. Each model consists of one or more components my problems start when you have ...
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### How to prevent 2D camera rotation if it would violate the bounds of the camera?

I'm working on a Camera class and I have a rectangle field named Bounds that determines the bounds of the camera. I have it working for zooming and moving the camera so that the camera cannot exit its ...
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### What is the difference between Vector2.Transform and this method?

I've been working on some steering behaviors and ran into trouble with my logic for converting points in world space into points in local space. I had this (it's not optimized for multiple points yet, ...
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### How do you extract a Vector3 positions only from a world matrix in an array of positions (from Kinect)

've just started building a physical camera class for the depth data you get from a Kinect. I have a Vector3 array of [imageWidth, imageHeight] describing the LOCAL positions I get in from the kinect (...
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### Confused about order of operation when using a Matrix in XNA, C#

Here are two different pieces of code This is what I started with Vector2 hold = Vector2.Transform(pos1, mat1); Matrix inv = Matrix.Invert(mat2); Vector2 pos2 = Vector2.Transform(hold, inv); And ...
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### How can I use a 3x3 matrix within a 4x4 matrix representation?

In XNA there is only one Matrix class which is actually 4x4 matrix. How to use it to represent a 3x3 matrix? I am trying to represent the inertia tensor of a body which is a 3x3 matrix, so I have ...
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### How to linearly transform vertices for large coordinate systems

Alright, so I'm working on a space game and well, I want it to have a lot of space! So I need a large coordinate system and for my rendering pipeline to not suffer from "vertex jittering" due to ...
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### Strange 3D game engine camera with X,Y,Zoom instead of X,Y,Z

I'm using a 3D game engine, that uses a 4x4 matrix to modify the camera projection, in this format: r r r x r r r y r r r z - - - zoom Strangely though, the camera does not respond to the Z ...
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### What's a pre-multiplied 4x4 matrix?

I'm using a 3d game engine, that uses a 4x4 matrix to modify the camera projection. The matrix is in the regular 4x4 format: r r r x r r r y r r r z - - - zoom The description for the ...
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### How to get translation from view matrix

How can I retrieve the camera's world-space position from its view matrix? The only answers I've seen to this question suggest the translation is in the last row/col but this wouldn't work since the ...
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### Transformed Pretransformed coordinates?

I am creating a minecraft like terrain engine thing in XNA and C#, and I am trying to create a item/block selector tool. The thing is I would like to have 3D objects on the tool. So I thought for the ...
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### Getting the Bounds of a 2D Cameras View with Zoom

I am using a 2D camera, which does rotations and zoom. Currently, I am using the following to get my MinX, MinY, MaxX and MaxY... public float MinX { get { return ...
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### Can a 4x4 matrix describe a camera's perspective?

I'm working with a closed-source 3D engine, and it only allows you to set the view projection via a 4x4 matrix. Can this matrix describe the camera's translation, rotation & perspective? I turned ...
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### How can I transform a point from world space to object space?

If I have an object space described by transformation matrix that should be applied to object to transform it to world space, what I have to do to transform point (world space) to that object space. ...
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### How to create projection/view matrix for hole in the monitor effect

Lets say I have my XNA app window that is sized at 640 x 480 pixels. Now lets say I have a cube model with its poly's facing in to make a room. This cube is sized 640 units wide by 480 units high by ...
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### How do I adjust the origin of rotation for a group of sprites?

I am currently grouping sprites together, then applying a rotation transformation on draw: private void UpdateMatrix(ref Vector2 origin, float radians) { Vector3 matrixorigin = new Vector3(...
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### matrix 4x4 position data

I understand that a 4x4 matrix holds rotation and position data. The rotation data is held in the 3x3 sub-matrix at the top left of the matrix. The position data is held in the last column of the ...
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### Translating an object along its heading

Solved! I was not applying the transformations in the proper order. I am working on a simulation that requires me to have several objects moving around in 3D space (text output of their current ...
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### How do I build a matrix to translate one set of points to another?

I've got 3 points in space that define a triangle. I've also got a vertex buffer made up of three vertices, that also represent a triangle that I will refer to as a "model". How can I can I find the ...
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### Why is my model's scale changing after rotating it?

I have just started a simple flight simulator and have implemented Roll and pitch. In the beginning, testing went very well; however, after about 15-20 seconds of constantly moving the thumbsticks in ...
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### Better data structure for a game like Bubble Witch

I'm implementing a bubble-witch-like game (http://www.king.com/games/puzzle-games/bubble-witch/), and I was thinking on what's the better way to store the "bubbles" and to work with. I thought of ...
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### UVW: better explanation, and how to implement with GLES texture2D()

UVW texture coordinates, as opposed to UV texture coordinates, do not get very adequate explanation on the web. Many people offer the simple exlanation, "UV is for 2-dimensional textures and UVW are ...
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### How can I rotate about an arbitrary point in 3D (instead of the origin)?

I have some models that I want to rotate using quaternions in the normal manner, except instead of rotation about the origin, I want it to be offset slightly. I know that you don't say, in 3d space, ...
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### Ara matrices calculated on the GPU or on the CPU? Would built-in matrix functions be faster than my custom ones?

If I add a math library (for example containing a Matrix class) and use it in my program drawing with OpenGL, will my be work slower than if I used standard OpenGL functions for matrix calculations? ...
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### Can someone explain the (reasons for the) implications of colum vs row major in multiplication/concatenation?

I am trying to learn how to construct view and projection matrices, and keep reaching difficulties in my implementation owing to my confusion about the two standards for matrices. I know how to ...
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### Vector games (Wireframe, Elite-like) theory and implementations?

I'm interesting in knowing more about how vector games like Elite and Star Wars Atari were built from grounds up. The question is not how to implement vector graphics with modern 3D APIs like OpenGL ...
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### Should I use a world matrix?

Image reference for the question: (image from the CG tutorial) The D3D9 API got us used to world matrices. However, if you use world matrices, then you have to do an extra matrix multiply in the ...
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### How should I calculate world and projection matrices in this scenario?

I'm trying to understand transformation matrices. Suppose I use the camera from this StackOverflow answer, this is how my view matrix would look: Matrix.Identity * Matrix.CreateTranslation(-Position....
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### COLLADA: Inverse bind pose in the wrong space?

(Crosspost from StackOverflow) I'm working on writing my own COLLADA importer. I've gotten pretty far, loading meshes and materials and such. But I've hit a snag on animation, specifically: joint ...
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### How to find which side of a collider has been hit from hit.normal?

In Unity3d, i can get the normal of the surface with which the collider collides using hit.normal, but is there a way to find which side has been hit what is provided bu Unity3d? One solution is to ...
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### gluLookAt vs glTranslate + glRotate and camera transformation matrices

I'm getting my hands dirty in OpenGL and something is bothering me a bit. It's my understanding from reading about the subject that a call to gluLookAt basically multiplies a matrix on the stack that ...
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### What is the correct order to multiply scale, rotation and translation matrices for a proper world matrix?

Assume DirectX as the platform, if that is important. (Pretty sure it isn't) Assuming I have a proper scale, rotation and translation matrix, in what order do I multiply them to result in a proper ...
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### XNA 4.0: 2D Camera Y and X are going in wrong direction

I asked this question on stackoverflow but assumed this might be a better area to ask it as well for a more informed answer. My problem is that I am trying to create a camera class and have it so ...
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### XNA 2D Transform Matrix Scale at Zoom Question

This is the complete code I am currently using for my camera. It is incomplete and only partially understood by me (I am working off an example), but I have managed to hack some functionality with ...
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### Direct3D and OpenGL Matrix representation

As I read in OpenGL matrices are column major. It means that if I create a 16 element array first four elements are the first column in matrix. Is it the same for Direct3D or any transformation's ...
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### Downprojecting an imaginary 4D mesh to the screen

As a mental exercise, I'm trying to imagine projecting an arbitrary 4D mesh onto the screen (2D). I'm guessing a single 4D triangle would still consist of only 3 points, however each of those 3 ...
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### Mesh to world vector translation

Suppose I have a world defined in typical OpenGL coords.. then the up vector defined for this space is (0,1,0). Now, if I load a model that is defined with (0,0,1) as its up vector, what are the ...
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### Integration of homogenous wave

I have a 2D matrix; each of its elements describes a homogenous coordinate in 3D wave (the values of wave coordinates are changed in time). The wave rendering is done with texture. I need to make an ...
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### What is eigenvalue decomposition and why would it be useful in games?

In various math libraries developed for game engines, I see 2x2 and 3x3 square matrices having this function (along with some helper functions). I tried to find information regarding it but did not ...
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### Is a dynamic enviroment map using pincushion curvilinear perspective projection possible?

I'm wondering if it is possible to generate a dynamic spherical environment map using a single frame render using a pincushion curvilinear perspective projection matrix (phew, that's a mouthful)? I'...
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### Help understanding gluLookAt()

I am fairly new to openGL( 3 months ) and am asking for assistance in understanding the fundamentals behind gluLookAt(). Currently I have spent most of my time with openGL modeling scenes with fixed ...
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### Is there a memory read/write or performance difference when applying affine transformations on a movieclip rather basic elementary math

I am using Actionscript 3.0 to make games and I fall into the category of programmers who use ball.x+=5; ball.y+=5; in order to move a ball by 5 pixels horizontally and vertically. Well, now i seem ...
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### Conversion from matrix defining rotation and position to camera matrix

I have a matrix that defines the rotation and translation of an object, relative to (0, 0, 0). Assuming that the identity matrix defines the camera to be at (0, 0, 0) pointing at (0, 0, 1), how would ...
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### Portal Projection

Ok ok I admit, I'm bored and toying with a portal script like the one on steam. I've figured out the following: relative positioning of the mirrored cameras render to texture for the portal (the ...
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### Problem with DirectX scene-graph

I'm trying to implement a basic scene graph in DirectX using C++. I am using a left child-right sibling binary tree to do this. I'm having trouble updating each node's world transformation relative to ...
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### Inverting matrix in HLSL

I've got an object in HLSL and I'm using hardware instancing to render multiple copies. But I've come a bit of a cropper when it comes to the vertex normals. Currently I am not using normal mapping (...
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### How do I calculate an offset from an Object based on the Objects Rotation rather than the World Space

I have a Matrix of a player & I want to create a second location a set distance away from the first location but I want the second matrix to be set a set distance based on the rotation of the ...