The simulation of light and illumination in games, including its interaction with the environment. A core element of games that can bring out vivacity into otherwise static worlds.

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6
votes
2answers
373 views

Implementing realistic sun reflection on a sea

I'm drawing a 3d rendered island which has a day / night cycle and a sun that rises and sets over water. The sea is rendered with a fragment shader derived from this Blinn-Phong tutorial. ...
6
votes
1answer
897 views

How to occlude lights in Unity3D?

First off, I own Unity Pro. I've been looking in to occluding lights when they aren't being viewed for a while now to improve performance. The main methods I ran in to were using BecameVisible() and ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Why don't we use the whole color depth for normal maps?

All normal maps I've seen are pinkish or bluish. So it seems like only a short color range is used. Why do game developers give away so much precision? Update: The short answer is, that technically, ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Fast pixelshader 2D raytracing

I'd like to do a simple 2D shadow calculation algorithm by rendering my environment into a texture, and then use raytracing to determine what pixels of the texture are not visible to the point light ...
5
votes
4answers
367 views

OpenGL lighting appears to be clamping

I'm experiencing an odd problem where everything placed in front of my light appears black in my scene. This happens on multiple axes. I've searched the depths of the internet to find a solution, but ...
5
votes
1answer
340 views

What light attenuation function does UDK use?

I'm a big fan of the light attenuation in UDK. Traditionally I've always used the constant-linear-quadratic falloff function to control how "soft" the falloff is, which gives three values to play ...
5
votes
2answers
742 views

Detecting Light Intensity Around Characters

Later Edit Since there seemed to be a bit of confusion: I am asking this for purely didactic reasons, I'm not searching for the most efficient solution. Reformulated question: I'm working under ...
5
votes
2answers
941 views

2D lighting theory: day-and-night cycle, spot lights at night

I am writing a rogue-like 'zombie' management game. The game map will be similar to Prison Architect. A top-down 50 X 50 grid. I want to implemented a day night cycle and during the night I would ...
5
votes
2answers
535 views

Changing Ogre3D terrain lighting in real time

I'm looking at the Ogre 3D library and I'm browsing through some examples / tutorials. My question is about terrain. There are a few examples showing how great the terrain system is, but I think that ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Normal Mapping for 3D-Like Lighting in 2D Games

I recently saw this video about a game engine that uses normal mapping to generate lighting and shadows for amazing, 3d-like lighting effects. (Like the three barrels below on the right side, they ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Lightmapped prefabs for procedural content

I'm doing a game with procedural content from handmade prefabs, but I ran into a problem as Unity bakes the scene instead of objects when lightmapping with Beast. So when the prefabs are instanced ...
5
votes
1answer
455 views

Performance of pixel shaders vs. SpriteBatch: XNA

Precondition: I read this question/answer about using shaders, or spritebatch, to render and mark a sprite. I need to do something like that. I also have a 2D lighting PoC which I need to write. The ...
5
votes
2answers
801 views

How can I implement shader lookups for my material system?

I have been working on a material system and for the most part everything works just fine, however, I hard code the shader that will be used. Obviously this causes a problem when I want to have the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I change this isometric engine to make it so that you could distinguish between blocks that are on different planes?

I have been working on an isometric minecraft-esque game engine for a strategy game I plan on making. As you can see, it really needs some sort of shading. It is difficult to distinguish between ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How does Minecraft render its sunset and sky?

In Minecraft, the sunset looks really beautiful and I've always wanted to know how they do it. Do they use several skyboxes rendered over eachother? That is, one for the sky (which can turn dark and ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the difference between ambient lighting and skylight?

What is the difference between ambient and skylight lighting? Please give me a detailed description of the differences.
4
votes
1answer
357 views

Gamma-Correct rendering without floating-point rendertargets

When using a gamma-correct pipeline, you have to work with floating-point rendertargets. Otherwise, you will get severe banding due to the insufficient precision of the usual 8-bit-per-channel integer ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

OpenGL lighting with dynamic geometry

I'm currently thinking hard about how to implement lighting in my game. The geometry is quite dynamic (fixed 3D grid with custom geometry in each cell) and needs some light to get more depth and in ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Lighting Objects with Textures - OpenGL

I'm trying to get lighting effects on a textured object; I'm using .obj and .mtl files to define them. No matter what I try my object is either invisible, unlit (plain texture), or completely white. ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

Lighting computation viewing direction

This is something that's really cooking my noodle. When I'm computing the light response for a material in my fragment shader, I'm using the standard 3 normalized vectors, in eye space: fragment ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Lights shining through walls

I'm currently having a problem with lights in Unity. They shine through walls for some reason. Point, directional, etc. If a light is next to a wall on one side, you can see it on the floor on the ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

2D XNA Tile Based Lighting. Ideas and Methods [closed]

I am currently working on developing a 2D tile based game, similar to the game 'Terraria'. We have the base tile and chunk engine working and are now looking to implement lighting. Instead of the tile ...
4
votes
1answer
202 views

Using sky for indirect lighting - should I remove the sun?

I'm attempting to achieve slightly more realistic ambient lighting in outdoor scenes using the sky cubemap. When rendering an object, I first calculate the direct lighting contribution using ...
4
votes
1answer
368 views

How can I handle the combination of multiple shader effects?

To be able to work efficiently with effects, is there a good way to combine multiple reusable "base" effects to achieve a more complex final result? For example, say I have an effect that handles ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

XNA 4.0 - Normal mapping shader - strange texture artifacts

I recently started using custom shader. Shader can do diffuse and specular lighting and normal mapping. But normal mapping is causing really ugly artifacts (some sort of pixeling noise) for textures ...
4
votes
2answers
191 views

Hide some objects from the camera (fog)

I'm trying to implement a visibility representation in a 2D game ( no plains, no quads - plain 2D ) In the examples below I have calculated what the player can see using raytracing and added all the ...
4
votes
1answer
311 views

How to calculate directional light frustum from camera frustum

I'm playing around with OpenGL for a few weeks now. For the following screenshot I picked the glm::ortho values for my lightsource by trial and error. There are two directional light sources with ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Faking 2d light using shader (Unity, Shaderlab)

Since the concept was difficult to explain in words for someone who's not quite familiar with shader, I described it in pictures. I'm currently using Unity and it seems Shaderlab is the best choice ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

2D Software Lighting Issues in Java

I'm creating a 2D top-down tiled game in pure Java and by now I'm trying to implement a way to do lighting. First, some details on how I render: there is a screen class which handles all the ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

How does pixel shading work for ambient occlusion volumes?

I'm trying to understand the ambient occlusion technique described here, but I've trouble comprehending what exactly is the pixel shader doing. Is the pixel shader invoked on points that belong to ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

How do I autogenerate gradient lighting?

I am trying to think of a way to generate a gradient like this picture: Something like this GetGradientTexture(360f,100(width),100(height)), or if i want a directional light (like a flashlight) ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

OpenGL Lighting [duplicate]

I have a simple day and night cycle by at day disabling OpenGL lighting and at night enabling openGL Lighting. When I enable everything appears darker. My question is How would I make it that at a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Blending 2d images to subtract alpha

I'm looking into doing a 2d lighting system with a result similar to this: http://forums.tigsource.com/index.php?topic=15619.0 This thread I believe disregards color, as well as doesn't really list a ...
4
votes
0answers
209 views

2D Lighing in XNA [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How is 2D lighting implemented? I'm attempting to create a 2D game in 3/4th perspective (like Pokemon and the older Zelda games). The time has come for an attempt to ...
3
votes
1answer
427 views

What is deferred lighting?

There is plenty of information on what deferred rendering is but there is a lack when it comes to deferred lighting and the information that there is there is not clear. My question is simple, what ...
3
votes
1answer
881 views

Converting time of day into a smooth day/night variable?

I'm trying to make a smooth day/night cycle for a game project that I've been working on. I've already set up a clock that adds deltaTime to seconds, wraps seconds to gameMinutes, etc. The issue that ...
3
votes
3answers
780 views

Time of Day Lighting / Day Cycle

I'm trying to implement a simple "lighting" system that alters a value of light between 0.0-1.0, 1.0 is midday 0.0 is total blackness. Are there any "good" information regarding this particular ...
3
votes
5answers
4k views

Why do my point lights disappear when another nearby light is above 1.85 range?

I'm making a game with a dungeon setting in Unity 3D. Many torches line the walls. I'm using a point light over each torch to simulate the flame. However, when two torches are across from each other, ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

My Ambient lighting is not working correctly

I'm having a problem when using ambient lights in my opengl game. When I first started with my program, i had a positioned light, and the code was this: GLfloat AmbientColor[] = ...
3
votes
1answer
914 views

Blender Object Appearing Gray when all Lights are Off

I have an issue with Blender where, when I turn my only light off (a sun lamp) and render the image my object appears gray rather than black (and thus, not appear to the camera). I can't figure out ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Can't get LWJGL lighting to work

I'm trying to enable lighting in lwjgl according to the method described by NeHe and this post. However, no matter what I try, all faces of my shapes always receive the same amount of light, or, in ...
3
votes
1answer
542 views

Compute Shader Memory Sharing

Ok guys I have had some pretty good success on this site but I feel that this is a pretty complex question. I am trying to do tile based deferred lighting using DirectX 11 and the compute shader. ...
3
votes
3answers
175 views

How do you accommodate newbies while still creating depth in the design of light/dark systems for MUDs (or other text-based games)?

I've been pondering a redesign of our MUD's light/dark system. Our current system accommodates new players by simply not saddling them with being unable to see should they happen to wander outside of ...
3
votes
1answer
526 views

What causes this graphics quality difference between WebGL Build and Unity 5 Editor?

The Editor version and WebGL version of my Minesweeper clone have some graphics quality differences. I chose 'Fast' option when building this deployment. Is this the difference between 'Fast' and ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Handling multiple lights of different types in GLSL

I want to be able to support multiple lights of different types (point, spot & directional). Note that I also want to be able to render transparent/translucent objects, which rules out deferred ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Understanding and editing HDR light environments in Photoshop

I'm working with an in-development system that uses .hdr environments (equirectangular projection) to provide image-based lighting (IBL) to a 3D rendering. I'm trying to understand what range of ...
3
votes
1answer
656 views

Unity3D custom camera matrix breaking shadows/lights in deferred rendering

EDIT 1: So it seems this is a common issue with Unity, and it comes from a bug in which custom camera matrices break deferred lighting and shadows. This topic right here talks about it a bit, but the ...
3
votes
1answer
276 views

Can't get normals to work correctly with lighting in OpenGL [closed]

I'm trying to light up a simple 2d triangle with my cursor as a diffuse light source but can't seem to set the normal correctly for the lighting to look right. The function that calculates the normal ...
3
votes
1answer
447 views

forward rendering and multiple shadow maps

I have two light sources on my scene. I created two fbo's which store depth textures for these lights. A render loop looks like this: bind fbo1 save depth values for first light unbind fbo1 bind ...
3
votes
1answer
462 views

How to calculate FOV with four-walled tiles?

I'm working on a 2D tile-based game. I'm trying to calculate FOV and I've implemented walls so they don't take up an entire tile. Instead, they just take up a side of each tile. Similar to: class ...