Engine-design related questions. How code is structured.

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0
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0answers
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Modular enemy behaviour in a shmup - Delegates unsuitable?

I'm creating a shmup type game and trying to implement the enemy wave system, which includes the associated enemy behaviours like their movement and bullet patterns. I've tried to separate the ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Modeling object oriented snakes and ladders

I'm trying to create a basic clone of Snakes and Ladders using object oriented design. I'm struggling to model my objects and their relationships. For the time being I'm interested in moving players ...
12
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2answers
3k views

Implementing a camera / viewport to a 2D game

What is the most practical way to implement camera/viewport to a 2D-game? I've read, that I should store the object world position instead of position relative to the screen? Current situation: I ...
0
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1answer
208 views

Communication pattern in Entity Component System

I'm putting together a ECS for my game with another two main components: an event bus for communication and a Lua interpreter to load scripts. Now, the parent element is a framework/game object with ...
1
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0answers
30 views

Snapshot data architecture for networked real-time games

I want to create a simple client-server real-time multiplayer game as a project for my networking class. I've read a lot about real-time multiplayer network models and I understand the relationships ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Implementing monte-carlo tree search in a tile based game with units

I have this simple risk-like game I would like to develop an AI for. Players move their Units on the map and a simple fight resolution is done. There is a time constraint of 100ms for each round, the ...
13
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6answers
2k views

OOP architecture for Hero with many attributes

I'm about to start a simple browser text RPG, with characters that can (passively) fight other people. This involves a list of about 10 skills like strength, dexterity and so on, with additional ...
0
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2answers
73 views

How to hit an enemy, or “how do entities interact with each other?”

The title might be a tad simple for the purpose, but bear with me. I'm a tad lost about how to do the interaction between game objects. I use an entity-component-system framework and I've got the ...
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1answer
33 views

Class design for a risk-like game [closed]

I'm currently coding a AI for a risk-like game, but I'm not sure how I put even the base classes together. I've read a lot about game design patterns, entity component designs and such, but I've ...
117
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8answers
23k views

Why are MVC & TDD not employed more in game architecture? [closed]

I will preface this by saying I haven't looked a huge amount of game source, nor built much in the way of games. But coming from trying to employ 'enterprise' coding practices in web apps, looking at ...
5
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2answers
1k views

Should I use inheritance or composition for modelling game objects?

In terms of game engine modeling, please give your pros and cons for two types of interfacing: class MySceneObject_Model1 : public IRenderable, public IScriptable, public IAnimatable { ... } class ...
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3answers
437 views

Why aren't more games 64-bit executables? [closed]

Until now I've seen that many games are still compiled in 32-bit architecture although nearly 50% of current Windows users are on 64-bit OS? Why is this? If the reason is for getting larger audience ...
0
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0answers
31 views

How can I trick or see how the source engine knows if the process is in focus or not.

The source engine does not support split screen so I am trying to run two borderless windows side by side but the source engine automatically limits the cpu utilization of any window not in focus. Any ...
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3answers
144 views

Entity Component Architecture and Scripting without using threads

I am working on a small game engine for practicing purpose and also for putting some of my ideas into action. What I have so far is a couple of systems for rendering, sound etc. The next step is to ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

Avoiding singletons for puzzle system [closed]

Say for instance I have a puzzle with 3 switches that need to be in some configuration (say all on) in one room, that opens a door in another, with a load screen separating, so I can't link the ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

How can I stop explodable objects from creating new ones during cleanup?

I have a problem with the handling of explosions in my game. Currently, I have an entity create an explosion when it is destroyed (in the destructor). The issue with this is that when I change ...
10
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5answers
1k views

Should beginning/indie game developers target multiple platforms initially?

Partially as a response to How do game developers target multiple platforms (Xbox 360, PS3, PC and Linux)? but mainly because there are people on here with published games, should cross platform be ...
2
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1answer
100 views

How can I access a script variable from another script in Unity?

I'm creating a space shooter (think Space Invaders or Galaga) where the GameManager persists between scenes but the player and enemies don't. I need to access a boolean value from the player and ...
0
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0answers
49 views

Data structure to store map layers in each Tile while keeping the order of terrain, items and monsters intact

My game represents its map as a 2D array of tiles, each of which stores a stack of layers. I'm looking for a data structure to efficiently represent this . I want to be able to add layers ...
3
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5answers
269 views

Is it bad practise to have an object for every tile?

In the game I am working on, many of my tiles must have special attributes (such as triggers when the player steps on them). I was wondering if it would be bad practise to create an object for every ...
4
votes
3answers
459 views

Entity Component System for HUD and GUI

This is a very rough sketch of how I currently have things designed. It should, at least, give an idea of how my ECS is currently designed. If you notice in that diagram, I have basically split ...
0
votes
2answers
173 views

Handling player and AI in a component based structure dynamically?

I'm trying to find a way to allow both input and AI to call actions of an actor in a component based structure for a 2d turn based game. The actions make use of the components. To keep the system ...
37
votes
9answers
11k views

Why is it bad to hard-code content?

I know most games store dialogue text in files, but I've also seen a few text-based games actually program the content (map, choices, possible player commands, story text) into the game code. I can ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Best Practices for combining animation and logic

In Games I often run into this kind of scenario: The Game Logic decides something happens, and of course the logic does so instantly. But the Game also has animations depending on the logic. Like ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

MMO Client / Server Architecture (NoSQL)

The main aim is to keep the games variables server-side for obvious security reasons. I believe having server-side code to check before updating the games database values will protect me from classic ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Where to put graphic representation of game entity?

I am working on simple 3D version of Snake game. I created classes like snake and grid so far. My concern is, putting all render logic (draws cubes - to show snake, and lines to show the grid) in ...
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8answers
7k views

How can I avoid having many singletons in my game architecture?

I use cocos2d-x game engine for creating games. The engine already uses many singletons. If someone used it, then they should be familiar with some of them: Director SimpleAudioEngine ...
5
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2answers
400 views

Running multiple box2D world objects on a server

I'm creating a multiplayer game using LibGdx (with Box2d) and Kryonet. Since this is the first time I work on multiplayer games, I read a bit about server - client implementations, and it turns out ...
0
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0answers
51 views

Organization of world/eye/clip bounding volumes for ray picking

I currently have objects defined in world coordinates and also other "overlay" type objects defined in eye or clip space. I want to be able to select objects (ray picking) from both the overlay or ...
0
votes
3answers
106 views

Proper way for Player object to communicate with Map object?

I'm writing my first game (in javascript / node over websockets) and am running into a bit of chicken and egg problem, and am afraid how I'm doing it right now won't scale once the game gets more ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Why can't I reference a sprite loading variable in a separate class?

When I reference a sprite I declared in a separate class that I am using to load images and rectangles, I get an error. Here's how I reference the image in the render method: ...
6
votes
1answer
259 views

Is it a bad idea to couple action and animation?

I'm making an ARPG (like Legend of Zelda but with more action), and this question raised during the development: Should action and animation be coupled? Or should they be independent? With this I ...
4
votes
3answers
849 views

Question about separating game core engine from game graphics engine

Suppose I have a SquareObject class, which implements IDrawable, an interface which contains the method void Draw(). I want to separate drawing logic itself from the game core engine. My main idea ...
3
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4answers
138 views

Architecture design in “buff-heavy” game? [duplicate]

I've been trying to wrap my head around this architectural design problem. Think of a game that has lots of spells and buffs (World of Warcraft, Diablo II etc), i.e. spells may cause buffs on ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Server Side : How to manage “delay” action/event like attacking?

at the moment I'm writing a game server, so I made an event "handler". I mean, if a player send to the server "I move" it fire a function, so I think I'm doing well at the moment. But there's a ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

how to store game state for a multiplayer board game eg. poker

First Approach: Store the state in database and play with database queries. Could a database handle the load, as poker is quite fast paced, and I have to query/update database for each player move. ...
4
votes
1answer
210 views

Game Architecture and Separation of Concerns

I'm trying to build a "simple" Tetris game, but I want to have enough flexibility to add a few things: The game can be played by a human, or (if the human presses a certain key) an AI is swapped in. ...
0
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2answers
98 views

Manage game objects depending on visibility [closed]

I'm trying to create an adventure game in 2D and I'm thinking about map management/objects. Here is what I've got in mind in terms of modelling: Now, I would like to create entities based on ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

How many OpenGL programs should I use to render multiple objects?

My scene has multiple objects in it. (Let's say 3 cubes, 1 cylinder, 8 spheres.) I assume I should create a vertex shader for each. How many programs should I have? Alternatives: One program per ...
1
vote
5answers
2k views

Entity System creating Components

Over every entity system I see implemented in C++, or even in Java/C# (e.g. the Artemis framework). I see components not allocated via a new operator (or something similar, e.g. std::make_shared). For ...
4
votes
1answer
126 views

Utility of submesh class in a 3d game engine?

I've read somewhere that we use sub mesh for being able to give different materials to one mesh. But why not simply do this with scenegraph ? I mean you have a car mesh, and instead of using ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Retrieving snapshots of game statistics

What is a good architecture for storing game statistics, so that I can retrieve snapshots of it at various moments? Say I have a game, and the user's statistics initially are: { hours_played = 0, ...
7
votes
3answers
196 views

How to load stacking chunks on the fly?

I'm currently working on an infinite world, mostly inspired by minecraft. A Chunk consists of 16x16x16 blocks. A block(cube) is 1x1x1. This runs very smoothly with a ViewRange of 12 Chunks (12x16) ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Making efficeint voxel engines using “chunks”

Concept I'm currently looking in to how voxel engines work with a view to possibly making one myself. I see a lot of stuff like this ... ...
14
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2answers
4k views

What is the standard C# / Windows Forms game loop?

When writing a game in C# that uses plain-old Windows Forms and some graphics API wrapper like SlimDX or OpenTK, how should the main game loop be structured? A canonical Windows Forms application has ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

Is there a good alternative to a world state data structure?

How do you avoid one big data structure containing all the current world state ? Let's pretend we're in a real-time strategy game, how would you code a skill that decrease mana of units around it ? ...
5
votes
1answer
206 views

City/Nation Builder - Unlocking game elements over time

Current Git (Needs more documentation) Current working prototype to play with (Git code is after a BIG refactor) Background: I'm making a javascript text city/nation builder along the lines of A ...
0
votes
2answers
214 views

UDP Netcode Architecture for Fighting Game

I am programming a fighting game that uses a UDP client/server architecture for multiplayer. The server can handle multiple clients, two of which (or one being the server) are playing and the rest are ...
19
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4answers
3k views

“The Game Object” - and component-based design

I've been working on some hobby projects the last 3-4 years. Just simple 2d and 3d games. But lately I have started a bigger project. Soo in the last couple of months I've been trying to design a game ...
0
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2answers
33 views

GameLogic Model as Property or Constants with lookup in other Models?

Basically imagine a game where the Player has a Weapon which has a BulletType/type of Bullet. Now Player, Weapon and Bullet are Models having properties and they would represent Instances in the ...