How code is structured. For questions on the internal design of a game engine.

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9
votes
3answers
399 views

Object of arrays or array of objects?

I'm making a management sim game, something along the lines of Roller Coaster Tycoon. I want to know what the best way to structure my world objects is so to maximise performance. Let's say I have ...
8
votes
3answers
953 views

Grouping entities of the same component set into linear memory

We start from the basic systems-components-entities approach. Let's create assemblages (term derived from this article) merely out of information about types of components. It is done dynamically at ...
4
votes
2answers
736 views

Mobile Multiplayer games and coping with high latency

I'm currently researching regarding a design for an online (realtime) mobile multiplayer game. As such, i'm taking into consideration that latencies (lag) is going to be high (perhaps higher than ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Allocating Entities within an Entity System

I'm quite unsure how I should allocate/resemble my entities within my entity system. I have various options, but most of them seem to have cons associated with them. In all cases entities are ...
2
votes
2answers
494 views

Level Representation in a 2D Game

I would like to create a 2D game, where a character should move on a stage/level. My stage would be static, constructed some little cubes, similar to the well-known Mario game: some of the elements ...
5
votes
4answers
399 views

Networking gampeplay - Sending controller inputs vs. sending game actions

I'm reading about techniques for implementing game networking. Some of the resources i've read state that it is a common practice (at least for some games) to send the actual controller input across ...
1
vote
3answers
790 views

Rendering order in an Entity System

Say I use a basic ES approach, and also inside Systems I hold lists of all entities that Systems are required to process. How do I maintain this list of entities in desired rendering order, i.e. for ...
4
votes
1answer
676 views

Material System

I'm designing Material/Shader System (target API DX10+ and may be OpenGL3+, now only DX10). I know, there was a lot of topics about this, but i can't find what i need. I don't want to do some kind of ...
3
votes
2answers
318 views

Important aspects to consider while making a technical design document

I'm working on a open world strategy game for which I'm planning to make technical design documentation. How do we decide exactly what we need to include to ensure the design document is as complete ...
10
votes
2answers
549 views

How do I make good guy attacks only hit bad guys and vice versa?

My game has many different type of good guys and many different type of bad guys. They will all be firing projectiles at each other but I don't want any accidental collateral damage to occur for ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

Resource/Asset Manager [duplicate]

I'm creating a ResourceManager. At the beginning i'm creating a groups of resources which contain a map of resources. The role of groups is to quick load/unload resources, to find some constant, never ...
2
votes
3answers
588 views

Desire advice on implementing this animation timeline system

I have read a lot of questions on here, as well as books regarding game architecture. I have a general question about the implementation of a game's animation timeline, on which many isolated ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

How can I implement something like Destiny's public events?

Bungie has shown a gameplay trailer for their new game, Destiny. The part that really stood out for me was the 'public events' that can happen randomly while playing. Now I've thought about it for a ...
27
votes
4answers
2k views

If two objects interact, what holds the interaction code?

Think of a bullet and an enemy, or the player and the floor. If these objects interact, what holds the interaction code?
3
votes
1answer
190 views

simple adventure game mechanics stored in database

I plan to code a little adventure-like game. To be able to build multiple episodes without deploying new code I want to store any information possible in the database. This includes stuff like ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How to avoid “Blob-Systems” in an entity component system?

Currently I am facing the following problem: I am trying to write a pong clone by using an entity component system (ECS). I wrote the "framework" all by myself. So there is a class which manages ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Movement & Physics in an entity-component system

I'm currently playing around with entity-components systems and got started on the movement/collision/physics parts and would like to have some pointers! It's a basic 2D sidescrolling game, with the ...
2
votes
1answer
528 views

Combining 2D and 3D in game engine

I've implemented basic 3D functionality and made little "2.5D" demo in orthographic projection using OpenGL ES 2 and Box2D. Now I want to make completely two-dimensional game (using sprites) and ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Picking game entities

What is the preferred methods for doing so, performance-wise? For example I want to pick certain objects in an area around a given point. What I have thought off so far is using invisible objects as ...
6
votes
1answer
886 views

What underlying character stats would you put into your “character” object in an RPG engine

basically I'm making my own RPG/TBS engine named Uruk (making an rpg themed about the epic of gilgamesh) and I am thinking of a combat system similar to the Disgaea franchise or the Super Robot Wars ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Object generation from an existing object in a game engine

To simplify, let's say in en engine I'm coding for a game, I have the Main class an Object class. In the Main class' update method, I loop through the array of all Objects in the game. I also have a ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

OpenGL - Understanding the relationship between Model, View and World Matrix

I am having a bit of trouble understanding how these matrixes work and how to set them up in relation to one another to get a proper system running. In my understanding the Model Matrix is the matrix ...
0
votes
0answers
689 views

Component based architecture - Rendering approach? [duplicate]

I'm planning to use a component based architecture for a new 3D game engine I plan to work on, however I don't know how to approach the rendering side of things. I can see two options here: Every ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Export matrices or IPOs? [closed]

I'm currently working on an exporter for Blender and corresponding importer for my engine, but I believe the same concepts apply to any other 3D animation software. When it comes to export animation ...
1
vote
1answer
236 views

When to use GameComponents?

I know what it is and I'm using it as a frame counter for example. But when should I use it? Does it make sense to say "I make all the input handling happen in a gamecomponent"? Is it flexible enough ...
2
votes
1answer
283 views

Where to put common System functionality in Entity-System Design?

I am working on an Entity System design based largely off of Adam Martin's design and Ray Wenderlich's Objective-C Implementation. I am working on the AI system using a state machine with a System ...
1
vote
2answers
738 views

How to make a “GUI In Game”?

My game is very GUI based, the way how it works is that I have a GUI class, which contains the basic GUI elements, a parent GUI object, and a copy of the main game's class object. The game starts out ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Events with Entity Component Systems [duplicate]

I'm currently working on an HTML5 top-down simple RPG game, and as a learning experience I'm building my own little engine from scratch. After reading around a little I decided to go with the Entity ...
3
votes
2answers
312 views

Using a programmable pipeline in a game engine

As a learning experience, I'm developing my own 3D game engine using OpenGL. I'm a little confused as to how to implement my rendering engine such that it uses a programmable pipeline while still ...
16
votes
6answers
6k views

Do you actually use diagrams to model games? [closed]

I mean mostly UML but any method that works is viable. So - do you actually model your games with UML/other diagrams or different methods? I had a subject at my university about modelling with UML and ...
2
votes
1answer
357 views

Different kinds of movement in component based entity system

I am writing a pong clone with a component based entity system. But I am having trouble with the different kinds of movement in the game. The problem is the following: My paddles will just move up ...
4
votes
2answers
341 views

Separate classes communication

Lets say I have a key and door. My third class (player) needs to pick up a key and open the doors. How should those objects communicate without making too much dependencies between them?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Tilemap collision in component based entity system

I am trying to set up a collision system for a tilemap in my component based entity system, but having trouble with figuring out how to do so. Currently I have the following approach: My tilemap ...
2
votes
2answers
263 views

Correct utilisation of gameloop (Android)

When using a gameloop like (much simplified)............ updateLogic(); render(); How does one perform 'single' operations? I mean, things like triggering sounds (which will only be played once), ...
8
votes
5answers
729 views

How can I update Display settings from an Options screen without restarting?

I'm currently creating a 2D RPG in C++11 with Allegro 5 and boost. My goal is to somehow update my game settings when an option is changed in the Options Menu. I don't want to force the user to ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

User interaction and Component based architecture [duplicate]

I'm working at my first game and I've decided to build a simple component based engine. I found really useful to work in that way but I still miss some fundamentals probably. Let say that I have a ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

making different kind of bullets [closed]

I have an enemy which shoots 3 different kind of bullets. They are of different sizes, speed, and representation (rectangle, oval, and a more classic bullet). Should they be 3 separate classes or ...
4
votes
1answer
166 views

Game State and Configuration via Events

Often "singletons" are problematic for testing, so with my next game I'm trying my best to avoid them. But there is bunch of data (configuration or game state information) that different parts of my ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Manage VBO/VAO in a graphic engine

I'm trying to make a 2D Graphic engine for training me. I've actually made it with immediate draw and I've made the renderer outside (so I can switch between OpenGL and DirectX). How can I manage ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

How do I generate paylines and pay dots for a slot game?

I'm working on a HTML5 slot game and am completely stuck on the pay lines and the dots that produce the lines from 1 end to the other. What's the logic behind generating a random number of dots ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

Game architecture / design question - building an efficient engine while avoiding global instances (C++ game)

I had a question about game architecture: What is the best way to have different components communicate with each other? I do really apologize if this question has already been asked a million times, ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Resynchronize game state on reconnect

Suppose in a multiplayer first person shooter game that a player loses their connection. On reconnect they need to synchronize with the current game state. But while they are getting a snapshot of the ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Component based game engine and dependencies - singletons [closed]

I am thinking about how to create component based game engine. I understand that all things should be very similar as in Data Oriented Design (each object is a collection of various structures as ...
3
votes
1answer
280 views

Making up everything from single pixels

I recently saw a game which looked a bit like minecraft, but it was a RPG. The enemies in this game consist completely of voxels and if they die, they collaps and every single voxels falls down, ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

General Sequence of Events for a 2D shooter

I'm having some trouble understanding ways to sequence events in my game. Assume the game is data driven, what is the best way to control the events? Do I have some sort of EventSequencer that loads ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

CPU usage, game loop and sleep()

I've read about this topic on numerous discussion sites, but I can't seem to find a clear definitive (up-to-date) answer, and hopefully this will me some more insight: I've read the excellent game ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

UML Class Diagrams for 2D platformer Games? [closed]

I have to develop a small arcade game in C++ for a college assignment using a 2D Game Engine my teacher coded. What would be the best way to make a UML class diagram for it? It's very basic stuff but ...
2
votes
3answers
879 views

Event-driven vs state synchronizing networking model

I was going through the Tribes network model and the network model used in Quake3. What I understand is that Tribes is more of an event based model where as the Quake model uses game states and delta ...
1
vote
0answers
242 views

Game editor architecture [closed]

I'm looking in to developing a game editor - essentially a level editor for my game but a little more advanced i.e edit menus and loading screens and what not. So far, I have come up with a ...
5
votes
1answer
461 views

How do you parameterize turn based AI?

I would like to create/find an AI algorithm/process that can be parameterized such that a change in the parameters causes a change in the AI behavior. I am specifically looking to apply this to a turn ...