How code is structured. For questions on the internal design of a game engine.

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2
votes
1answer
52 views

How does a “debug console” handle dependencies/access objects?

I'm trying to get my head around how to create a debug console and have a hard problem to figure out how it access different objects in my game. Say for example I want the console to be able to: ...
7
votes
2answers
213 views

Good techniques for syncing gameplay actions to specific animation timings?

So I've come across an issue in the game I'm working on, but it seems to be a pretty fundamental thing that probably comes up in a lot of games. My game requires that some gameplay function occurs ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

How are Objects rendered or updated, when there's a Pool class?

I have a State (Title State for example), that has the ResourcePool (getImage();getSound(); etc.) and a list of the GameObjects. How do GameObjects get access to the Resources in the Pool they need? ...
6
votes
3answers
196 views

Which parts of game should belong to engine and which should belong to scripts?

Often, the game is splitted into engine code (i.e. C++) and scripts (i.e. Lua). The question is which parts / modules of game code should typically belong to engine, and wchich should belong ...
4
votes
2answers
94 views

Where to put the screen dimensions to make it accessible for all on screen objects?

I'm starting game development to learn a new language (SDL2, C++) and would like some opinions on the best way to handle a probably very basic problem. I don't want my player to go off screen, so I ...
0
votes
1answer
570 views

Scene management [closed]

I viewed sources of rendering engines (ogre, irrlicht, openscenegraph) but I can't really grasp the the main ideas of their scene management systems. I also read many articles (including Game Engine ...
7
votes
0answers
259 views

How to cache resources in my homebrew rendering system

Background: I am designing a simple 3D render system for an entity component system type architecture using C++ and OpenGL. The system consists of a renderer and a scene graph. When I finish the ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

How to avoid lots of ugly math code and constants-hoarding?

In a lot of the games I've (tried) making in the past, I often run into the problem of the code getting really heavy on ugly mathematical code. This happens especially frequently in setting up user-...
1
vote
2answers
558 views

Proper way to handle Movement/Animation/AI functions of an AI character in Unity3D

My team is currently building a 2D game in Unity and we've run into some workflow/script organization blockades for many of our game's characters. For example, we're not sure what the standard method ...
2
votes
1answer
372 views

What type of networking archtitecture does Unreal Engine 4 have?

I am working on online multiplayer FPS on UE 4 with up to 16 players. I am now at the making architecture model, stage. I am doing research on possible server architecture model with respect for ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Inventory system does not behave correctly

I have a game with an inventory, you can pick up items by walking on them. When you walk on an item and if it isn't already in your inventory it is added to the next free slot. If it is already in ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Linking maps in Java game

In my Java game, I've got a number of randomly-generated maps made of tiles. I'm struggling with writing the code to handle the entering/exiting of the maps. Originally, I only had Ascend and Descend....
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Setting up an efficient OpenGL rendering loop

This is the code that I use to setup my shader char* vertexShaderSource = getResource("vert.shad"); char* fragmentShaderSource = getResource("frag.shad"); vshad = readFile(vertexShaderSource); fshad ...
1
vote
2answers
126 views

Using hard coded values for Items?

Is it a bad idea to use hard coded values for things like items (static data) that would change infrequently in an online game? I'm designing an online game in node js, and I'm trying to decide if it ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Implement Special Effects triggered at certain moments in game

In my turn based RPG/Puzzle game I planned to have different Special effects, which enemies, weapons and armory can have. So for example an enemy can have a "poison" effect, which has a certain ...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

What can I do to avoid one-off flags and checks throughout my code?

Consider a card game, such as Hearthstone. There are hundreds of cards that do a wide variety of things, some of which are unique even to a single card! For instance, there is a card (called Nozdormu)...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

Resource management questions

Say I have this Cache<typename Resource> class template, which is a resource cache that contains an std::map<std::string, Resource>, mapping strings to resources. I can many different ...
1
vote
3answers
79 views

How to architect input code to utilise state machine?

I have an InputController which currently handles all user input, so it looks at button states and updates entity intentions according to some simple rules. I'm looking to add a new state to the game ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Diversified Game Object List

Recently I started creating a game in java to hone my rusty java (I work primarily with cpp) and because I thought it to be a neat idea. To better illustrate the problem, let me explain a part of the ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

How can I handle invulnerability in an entity system?

I currently have an entity component system with messaging. The messages are delivered to each subscriber, but each subscriber gets their own copy, basically meaning that altering a message doesn't ...
3
votes
3answers
273 views

Collectible card game, cards and effects

Based on Design of a turn-based game where actions have side-effects I am building a card-game where cards can have side-effects be triggered under different circumstances. I was given a good idea ...
0
votes
1answer
384 views

Handling AI with ECS in a turn based roguelike

I am trying to implement the Entity Component System pattern to use in a roguelike game. Right now, I have 3 systems. Input, AI, and Action. The input system basically is just a system used by the ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

How to seprate the game from the game engine (specifically the game loop), into seprate projects?

I am trying to separate my game from game engine both written in Java. Currently they are in two separate packages but I would like to separate them into different projects. A main method in Project ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

How do you allow networking code to be written in the later stages of the development?

I'm currently in the early progress of writing a game which I eventually will want to improve in most aspects. How can I skip out on writing network code yet leaving it fairly easily implemented, that ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

a shader type class in c

Is it possible to setup something sort of like a class in C++ but in c in the simplest terms? I want to avoid using c++ but I would like to create a simple struct that has glsl shader program. for ...
3
votes
1answer
263 views

Swapping graphics engines

Is it possible, or even feasible, to have graphics engine completely decoupled from game logic? Why I ask is because I want to start working on a game (I'm a complete beginner in game development, ...
2
votes
2answers
339 views

How to manage state in a component-based game engine?

I'm working on a small, data-driven game engine with some friends. We use GameObjects (a.k.a. Entities, Actors, or whatever it is called in your favorite engine) to represent every entity in the game....
0
votes
1answer
136 views

How to make “Events”/ Scripted Scenes

I want to make cutscenes etc, in my game. I thought of a similar System like in the RPG Maker: If you enter a certain Area, a list of commands and arguments is played. E.g. like this: [Move Object:...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

How can I represent prerequisites of different type of game objects?

In a strategy game, I want to declare prerequisites for various types of game objects to limit when they can be acquired/executed: technologies, buildables, resources, actions, etc. Any of these types ...
3
votes
2answers
483 views

Efficient removal and adding of Components in ECS

i'm working with the Ashley Entity-Component-System (related to libGDX) to program a server-side simulation for an online game and i stumbled upon a serious performance drawback, that is probably ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

entity component - get object from entity system without knowing it's ID

Ive been building a game using a Entity Component system, but im having a bit of an issue finding a specific object in my entity system without knowing the Entity's Id. My game is organized in ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Branching quest system

I've started working in a quest system for my game, but I stumble in a zone where I have to many, if/else conditions to handle a quest, whether you have X and Y item in your inventory, whether you ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Cram search results into viewport (of a search minimap)?

I'm no coder, nor do I try to be. I just had one of those "it's impossible" arguments with folks who love to argue with me before they even understand what the argument is about :) So I need to know ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Server networking - Thread per player

As my game is purely multiplayer, online performance is important. Should I run two threads for each player/connection? (One for input and one for output) or should I run one thread for all player ...
1
vote
1answer
378 views

Share a function between two passes inside CG Shader for unity3d

I'm writing a shader in CG language for Unity3d. When making transparent object you need to create two similar passes in SubShader. First to render only back faces (with Cull Front) and second to ...
0
votes
2answers
268 views

Good design for skills (heal,dmg etc)

I'm trying to create a good designed "skill system" for my game, but curious if anybody knows a good design? Skills can Heal,Damage ofc, they can be single target,multiple(chain), AOE. Instant dmg/...
4
votes
3answers
256 views

Sphere to plane collision never rearching resting contact

I have been trying to have a sphere to plane eventually lead to the sphere coming to a resting contact, but my sphere will end up always bouncing forever. It will bounce correctly for the first few ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Property replication vs RPC notifications

I'm not talking about something such as an object position, which changes very often. I'm talking about some object state that may be changed infrequently, such as a door opening and closing. Would ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Making an organized rendering class [closed]

I'm using LWJGL (opeengl wrapper for Java) and Don't know how to make a renderer class for OpenGL. So In Immediate mode rendering I'd do a method like this to draw quadralaterals. public static void ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

How to setup animation based events without depending on an animation?

How can I have events based off animations without relying on them? Take for example reloading in a FPS game. You'd hit a button to reload your weapon, the animation will play, then animation will hit ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How does Unity's Entity-Component System Work In Practice? [closed]

On the surface Entity-Component seems like a good way to program games. Everything is a game object and those game objects are made up of components. The attraction is components are very flexible, ...
4
votes
2answers
131 views

Best way to deal with a large variety of items?

I am currently working on my first java game and I am having trouble figuring out how I should implement my classes that will have heavy variety. For example, I am considering having an abstract item ...
0
votes
2answers
320 views

Solitaire Game: Transferring Cards Design in C++

So, I'm working on a Solitaire game. I already created a the classes: Card, Pile, Stock. Each work as expected on it's own. My question is: What possible design for managing moving card(s) between the ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Browser Game - Model or not Model

I'm planing on making a browser game just for fun and to improve my skills, but I have an issue regarding the Software Architecture of the game: I will be using an ORM to communicate with my database....
5
votes
2answers
405 views

How should entities in a game reference each other?

I've been reading a lot about design patterns, but in using these patterns there's one question that I keep coming back to. How should my entities access information about each other? Let's say I'm ...
2
votes
0answers
123 views

How is game logic usually distributed around files [closed]

I don't know if this is a problem with game engines, but from the code I've seen in tutorials and open source projects, I can easily be confused by the layout of their code. For me, the code I made ...
2
votes
2answers
151 views

Unity : callbacks in component based design

I am trying to use component based design in Unity3d v5. If I have 2 separate C# scripts attached to enemy ships like below: Script1.shipDead() - Remove game object and show explosion animation ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Client code handling its own generics when returned by an engine

I'm writing a game engine in Java 8, and have prototype client code written in Groovy. New Game objects can be created with a builder which defines everything which fills in the blanks. To simplify ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Deal with double coordinates and graphics

I want to draw some vectors and few sprites in a 2D world.Problem is that they should be precise. For example a vector has position (5000000.65,556666). That depends on user. He might want to add ...
2
votes
2answers
224 views

Data model design using Core Data and Spritekit

I have a entity called Item, and every item can have two or three bonuses... What would be a good model design in this situation. I can think of something like: To have many optional attributes ...