Engine-design related questions. How code is structured.

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2
votes
2answers
107 views

Decoupling the entity from whatever controls it

In a lot of games the player can choose whether an entity will be controlled by the AI or by the player. For example in the game Little Fighter 2, the player can choose how many of a maximum of 8 ...
2
votes
1answer
149 views

What is missing from SDL for it to gain more widespread adoption? [closed]

As I understand, SDL offers abstractions that let you make windows, handle input and audio much easier than doing so directly with the low level APIs provided by several operating systems. However, ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Server Side : How to manage “delay” action/event like attacking?

at the moment I'm writing a game server, so I made an event "handler". I mean, if a player send to the server "I move" it fire a function, so I think I'm doing well at the moment. But there's a ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

How should I implement the “Observer” pattern with respect to a game world?

I'm thinking of ways to implement the Observer pattern in a game I'm developing at the moment. I can have a Game World (local map) with Game Objects (player, NPCs, monsters etc...) inside of it. Other ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Game Engine Entity/Component with Services Architecture

I'm currently working on my first game engine and decided to use the entity/component model with services. Background: My GameEngine class is an Entity and has multiple services that are Components, ...
3
votes
1answer
155 views

game mod security question

So I'm in the process of building a game in C++ for the engine and Python for behavior and moddability. One of the planned major features is that when the game client connects to a game server with ...
6
votes
3answers
221 views

Game AI Implementation

I'm very new to game development, but an experienced software engineer. As an introduction to game dev, I'm making a 2D zombie game in Python, using pygame. The game is almost done, but I still have ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Is it acceptable to mix simple physics logic with gameplay logic?

In my 2D game I have a PhysicsEngine class. It currently does two things: Called every frame to apply global forces on all entities (e.g. gravity). Called by the CollisionDetector to do the physics ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

How can I manage complicated visual state over a simple model in puzzle games?

I've been encountering this design challenge making a few toys with Javascript (CreateJS, EaselJS) The scenario is that you've got some sort of puzzle game with a simple game model. For a simple ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

How can I avoid type checking in the physics side of collision handling?

I have a class responsible for handling the physics side of collisions. When the collision detector spots a collision, it notifies both entities in the collision to take care of gameplay. It also ...
1
vote
2answers
246 views

Where should I put my game loop?

I've seen some tutorials on programming a good game loop, but none mention where (in the game code) I should call it. My guess is I should call it from the main() method. Am I right? Is there another ...
4
votes
1answer
214 views

How are game menus logically structured?

I've been struggling with making a game menu system in Unity for some time now. I spent time developing a way to help myself understand how game menus are connected together. Right now, I'm calling it ...
3
votes
2answers
115 views

Should entities store other other entities that they spawned?

How should a game entity add another game entity to the game world? For example, an entity shooting a missile (which is another entity), means the new Missile will need to be added to the entities ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

How and when to choose which objects to run collision tests on?

This might be problem with plenty of good solutions, but it's all not very clear to me, so I though I could ask and probably get some good hints. I'm having trouble figuring out how to handle ...
0
votes
2answers
131 views

Without using a pre-built physics engine, how can I implement 3-D collision detection from scratch? [closed]

I want to tackle some basic 3-D collision detection and was wondering how engines handle this and give you a pretty interface and make it so easy ... I want to do it all myself, however. 2-D ...
1
vote
2answers
177 views

Best way to store a large amount of game objects and update the ones onscreen

Good afternoon guys! I'm a young beginner game developer working on my first large scale game project and I've run into a situation where I'm not quite sure what the best solution may be (if there is ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Implementing movement on a grid

I have a simple snake game, where I have other NPC snakes on the field. How do I calculate the movement of those other snakes so that they did not hit walls, and each other? So far I have it like ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does my turn-based game loop allow the enemy to act repeatedly?

I'm trying to create a turn-based game in pyGame but hit a wall when trying to properly handle the main game loop. So I have something like this: def loop(self): while self.stategame==1: ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

How to store and use different AI behaviours

I'm coding a space shooter on three.js (WebGL) and since the game I'm doing is rather simple, plus I want to keep controll of the structure, I'm not using a game engine. I'm using oop classes and ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

How do I implement space partitioning in entity component system?

My systems work on components without needing to now anything about entities. I want to implement simple grid partitioning, so each entity will be given a cell based on its current position. But how ...
3
votes
1answer
299 views

storing user data for rpg

I'm creating a single player Web rpg that will store a decent amount of information about the player, items, map, npcs, etc. I have been developing html5, javascript, php, and the mysql database ...
2
votes
0answers
143 views

Abstracting Game Logic from Game Engine [closed]

I've seen that the Quake 3 Engines uses QVMs and DLLs for the gamelogic. Unity uses some kind of Component-Entity system. My question is basicly: What's a good way to keep the engine seperated from ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

How to edit key-value pairs (like a Dictionary) in Unity's inspector?

I have a spell system I am creating, the principle is as follows: Each spell is an autonomous prefab. It contains a script with some properties (base damage, duration...) that can be modified in the ...
0
votes
2answers
157 views

Driver inversion

I have a GUI game, which is driven by user every time it clicks the mouse. Every time user clicks a square on a board, the board state is updated (we re-compute the score, the player to make next move ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Mixing old and new state of game objects?

If I have a group of game objects that are being updated each frame, and some of them query each others data like position and such, is it common practice to not care that a game object might get ...
5
votes
2answers
608 views

Pure functional programming and game state

Is there a common technique to handle state (in general) in a functional programming language? There are solutions in every (functional) programming language to handle global state, but I want to ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Component systems: No inheritance hierarchy at all, or a basic one? [duplicate]

(I asked a similar question, but it had more questions inside it and I feel it wasn't clear enough, so I'm opening a new one). Until recently I implemented all my games using an inheritance ...
0
votes
2answers
243 views

Component based architecture: “pure” or some inheritance?

(I asked a similar question, but it had more questions inside it and I feel it wasn't clear enough, so I'm opening a new one). Until recently I implemented all my games using an inheritance ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How can I avoid duplication of jBox2D physics attributes?

I'm using jBox2D for physics and collision detection in a game engine with an entity-component system. It works, but I'm unsure how to structure my code with respect to the values represented in the ...
7
votes
3answers
257 views

How do AI agents access information about their environment?

This might be kind of a trivial question, but I am having trouble understanding this. Would very much appreciate your help. In game development using object oriented design, I want to understand how ...
2
votes
2answers
81 views

What is the advantage of wrapping D3D in a class versus a namespace?

Almost all the tutorials and books use a class wrapper for Direct3D. But I haven't found any scenario in which using more than one instance of Direct3D system (the "device" and state, et cetera) is ...
-1
votes
1answer
525 views

Distributed Multiplayer Game Server Architecture [closed]

I'm programming a multiplayer game for mobile phones.I'm working on a distributed server architecture for handling lots of concurrent players. Here is my architecture on my mind: Some questions ...
0
votes
2answers
160 views

Best practice for handling “dead” objects and their particles

I'm developing a side-scrolling run'n'gun game (but with planes! :P). I'm an experienced coder, but new to game development. When an enemy plane collides with a friendly missile, I start an explosion ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

How are vertices determined complex geometries in an ever changing game state

For example say you wanted to draw a 3D cube you can define an array of hard coded vertices using float3, here is an example. http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/jj552949.aspx But ...
7
votes
1answer
256 views

Optimize state changes within a render queue

I am refactoring some parts of the game engine I am working on. This engine is made in C# with XNA. The part I have trouble with is shader/material and the render queue. In the new version I will ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

OOP architecture for Hero with many attributes

I'm about to start a simple browser text RPG, with characters that can (passively) fight other people. This involves a list of about 10 skills like strength, dexterity and so on, with additional ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

When entities don't draw themselves, who actually does?

There are countless questions here about whether entities should draw themselves or not. The answer is almost universally no, there should be a renderer. And I do see a point in having a single place ...
5
votes
3answers
481 views

Entity Component System for HUD and GUI

This is a very rough sketch of how I currently have things designed. It should, at least, give an idea of how my ECS is currently designed. If you notice in that diagram, I have basically split ...
5
votes
2answers
232 views

Is having a master builder object a bad idea?

I have wondered about using the following approach to creating Entity objects in a personal project. What I want is to be able to keep track of all Entity objects that get created, so whenever an ...
1
vote
2answers
181 views

Circular dependency when creating entities

I have the following problem: I have a a class called Stage, that keeps an list of entities, which it iterates over every update loop, and updates them. One of these entities might be a weapon (PEW ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How should I handle animation states in Mecanim?

I did a tutorial which associated an integer to each state and manually set transitions from one state to another based on that integer, but that seems really sloppy. Is there a more elegant way? I ...
2
votes
3answers
209 views

How do I implement Breakout's “multiball” powerup?

I'm just starting out and making a breakout clone as my first game. I'm implementing all kinds of powerups, but I'm stuck on multiball. The powerup adds additional bouncing balls to the game. So far, ...
0
votes
1answer
222 views

How to architect collision detection in SFML

I have a pretty simple game engine that I'm making for a 2d platformer game. I don't want it to be super advanced, but it does have some basic properties. Most important to this question is a class ...
2
votes
2answers
251 views

Expandable 2d environment by spawning and controlling individual tiles

what is the best way to implement an environment that is "expandable" in every direction so that when the player moves in any direction a new row or column of tiles that can be manipulated ...
0
votes
1answer
175 views

Representing multi-tile objects in a tilemap

I'm building an isometric tiled game, where the terrain and objects are represented by a 2-dimensional array of lists. Depth of objects on the map is derived from the tile (and a per-tile sorting ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

How can I position different size creatures in a group automaticly

I'm doing a game (in xna) on my free time, as I'm not in the game market, I'm pretty sure I'm missing something that would help me get this right. Think of Ogre Battle. A group of unit moves, and ...
2
votes
1answer
227 views

Why game loop should be running on a separate thread?

I am struggling to fully understand the responsiveness argument suggesting to run the game loop on a separate thread other than main thread. When OS sends a user event (touch, mouse move, etc.) it ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

How to make a game without OOP? [closed]

I am currenty studying game development and practicing making games. I use a lot of OOP in my games. For example, each missile that is shot is an instance of a Missile object, and added to a list of ...
2
votes
2answers
139 views

Materials and Mesh association

I'm trying to implement a Material system in a small engine for training and I've got questions about materials. Currently I've got that: Material: A Material with array of Technique Technique: ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

Where should the collision response/resolution code go?

I've got a collision response/resolution function that does the same for any pair of two entities. It's is in the World class right now. But right before that function is invoked, I have some ...