# Create acceleration with direction

I want to move my object with an acceleration in the proper direction. For example if I have these values:

``````friction = 0.3;
direction = 180;
speed = 5;
``````

For making it clear, I need a formula to create a linear acceleration.

-

You can calculate the invidual components by using sin and cos:

``````xSpeed = sin(direction)*speed;
ySpeed = cos(direction)*speed;
[...]
xPos += xSpeed;
yPos += ySpeed;
``````

Accleration is simply increasing the speed.

``````xAccel = sin(accelDirection)*accleration;
yAccel = cos(accelDirection)*accleration;
// [...]
xSpeed += xAccel;
ySpeed += yAccel;
``````
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Actually before posting this question I wrote this solution. Your answer will be completed by the Xavier Arias Botargues's answer. Thanks. – MahanGM Jul 22 '12 at 9:58

Acceleration is the rate at which velocity changes. If it is zero, then you will keep moving at your start velocity. If it is larger than zero, and in the same direction as the current velocity, velocity will increase.

``````velocity = old_velocity + acceleration;
position = old_position + velocity
``````

If acceleration = 2, then your velocity will increase by 2 for each timestep.

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This is similar to other 2 answers. Thanks. – MahanGM Jul 22 '12 at 10:01

To do any movement or physics calculations you should always use the time spent since the last frame (dt or delta); this depends on the main loop implementation, but is generaly passed to a method called update as parameter. (If this is not available assume dt = 1)

To update speed with acceleration and time and position with speed and time you can:

``````speed += acceleration * dt;
position += speed * dt;
``````

Note that acceleration, speed and position are vectors, so they have the operations:

``````speed -= speed * friction
Yeah I didn't mention the time passing in my question. I'm using `timeGetTime()` to calculate previous frame. Thanks. – MahanGM Jul 22 '12 at 9:59