# matrix 4x4 position data

I understand that a 4x4 matrix holds rotation and position data.

The rotation data is held in the 3x3 sub-matrix at the top left of the matrix.

The position data is held in the last column of the matrix.

e.g.

``````glm::vec3 vParentPos(
mParent[3][0],
mParent[3][1],
mParent[3][2]
);
``````

My question is - am I accessing the parent matrix correctly in the example above? I know that opengl uses a different matrix ordering that directx, (row order instead of column order or something), so, should the mParent be accessed as follows instead?

``````glm::vec3 vParentPos(
mParent[0][3],
mParent[1][3],
mParent[2][3]
);
``````

thanks!

-

Your first method is the correct one. According to the OpenGL FAQ:

The translation components occupy the 13th, 14th, and 15th elements of the 16-element matrix

It can also be seen in the glm source code (from `matrix_transform.inl`):

``````inline detail::tmat4x4<T> translate
/*...*/
{
detail::tmat4x4<T> Result(m);
Result[3] = m[0] * v[0] + m[1] * v[1] + m[2] * v[2] + m[3];
return Result;
}
``````

You can see only `Result[3]` is affected. This is called column-major storage, but note that OpenGL can be set up in order to use row-major instead (see the OpenGL FAQ on this).

-
Also be aware that D3D can be set up to use column major too (in fact this is no longer such a religious issue as it was in the fixed pipeline days) - in other words you can't actually rely on anything! – Le Comte du Merde-fou Nov 27 '11 at 3:14